Collections: Browse By Last Name. s

SLOAN, Troy (b. 1914)

Interview ID: OH 1098

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Oklahoma and Texas; joining the CCC; assignment to a camp near Bonham, Texas; move to Mount Pleasant, Texas; description of camps; life in camps.
Date of Interview: 12/10/1995

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SMALLWOOD, P. J. (b. 1921)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0166

Realtor, advertising executive, member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon and Da Lat, French Indo-China, 1944-45, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 11/10/1973, 25/10/1973

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SMELTZER, Corenna Young (b. 1915)

Interview ID: OH 1308

Her experiences as a riveter at Armstrong Cork and Rubber Company, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, during World War II. Effects of the Great Depression on her family; her first job experience in a knitting mill; incentives to seek a job as a riveter with Armstrong, 1942; transportation problems; shift work; wage discrimination; length of the workday and workweek; riveting work on F4U Corsair fuselages; reaction of male employees to the hiring of women; sexual harassment; financial and patriotic motivation; purchase of war bonds; work clothing; rationing; her role as an air raid warden in her hometown; end of World War II and its effects on employment, 1945; effects of defense work on her self-esteem and self-confidence; her influence on her daughters' career choices.
Date of Interview: 11/08/1999

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SMELTZER, William (b. 1923)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. K Company. 179th Infantry Regiment. 45th Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1131

His experiences as a machinist at the Pearl Harbor Navy Base, 1942-44; his experiences as a combat infantryman in Germany, 1945; Hermann Goering's headquarters in Munich; liberation of Dachau; his receiving the Bronze Star.
Date of Interview: 03/08/1996

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SMITH, 'Lee' Charles Leroy (b. 1932)

US Air Force Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1948

Experiences at University of Alabama and in US Air Force. Flight School at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, TX, and Basic Training in Mississippi. Assignments in Keflavik, Iceland, Red Bluff, CA, and NORAD Sector as Captain in electronics and communications. Certified for the F-102 at Perrin Air Force Base, Sherman, TX. Experiences while assigned to combat squadron in Saigon during Vietnam War. Life after Vietnam era and work experiences flying world-wide for businesses and the private sector, particularly as pilot for Frank Sinatra.
Date of Interview: 20/12/2018

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SMITH, Charles E. (b. 1927)

Interview ID: OH 0724

Retired communications technician, community leader. His experiences concerning the desegregation of the Hamilton Park, Texas, school and integration with the Richardson Independent School District (RISD) during the 1960s and 1970s. Hamilton Park Civic League; conditions at the Hamilton Park School; Civil Rights Act of 1964 and RISD’s compliance; creation of biracial zones; role of H.E.W. in the desegregation process; student adjustments to desegregation; role of the Interorganizational Council in the desegregation process; role of the Hamilton Park Evaluation Committee; clustering plans; establishment of Pacesetter.
Date of Interview: 19/03/1988

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Interview ID: OH 0793

Community leader. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-89. Childhood in East Texas; decision to purchase home in Hamilton Park; social activities; Civic League; property maintenance and deed restrictions; widening of Forest Lane; widening of Schroeder Road; extension of Shepherd Road; relations with Texas Instruments; zoning problems; establishment of Crime watch program, 1986; industrial encroachment; environmental problems; Willowdell Park; Willie B. Johnson Recreation Center; real estate speculation and Homeowner’s League.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1989, 10/10/1989, 24/10/1989

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SMITH, Curtis J. (b. 1925)

Interview ID: OH 0703

Airline employee, community leader. His role in the desegregation of the Hamilton Park, Texas, school and integration with the Richardson Independent School District.
Date of Interview: 08/09/1987

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Interview ID: OH 0826

Airline employee, community leader. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-90. Early life in East Texas; employment in Dallas; service in U.S. Navy during World War II; job promotions with Braniff; African-American housing in Dallas; decision to purchase home in Hamilton Park, 1956; flooding problems; shopping in the community; traffic and access problems; social activities; church activities; Civil League; Hamiltonians; Interorganizational Council; political activities; zoning controversies, Willowdell Park; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 02/02/1990, 23/02/1990, 30/03/1990

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SMITH, Donald M. (b. 1912)

Interview ID: OH 1147

Businessman His experiences as the head of Riverside Foundry, Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, during World War II Foundry business during the Great Depression; thoughts about Franklin D Roosevelt and the New Deal; conversion from peacetime to wartime production during World War II; obtaining contracts to produce hand grenades and rifle grenades; problems in procuring pig iron and other scarce materials; employment of women; technological innovations in manufacturing process; responsibilities toward the local community.
Date of Interview: 12/08/1996

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SMITH, Edith (b. ca. 1905)

Interview ID: OH 1062

Her recollections of the Progressive Era in Texarkana, Texas. Marriage to Wilbur Smith; courting practices; childhood; family servants; education; church activities; survey of downtown businesses; her job in the newspaper business; leisure time activities; Red Cross activities during World War I; family reading material; political activities.
Date of Interview: 01/10/1994

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SMITH, Edward V., III (b. 1937)

Interview ID: OH 1866

For the UNT Foundation Oral History Project. Attorney and UNT Foundation emeritus board member. Childhood in Dallas, Texas; education history; political activities; involvement in the UNT Foundation and Board of Regents; Foundation history; law career; future of UNT; diversity at UNT.
Date of Interview: 06/07/2012

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SMITH, Ikard (b. 1919)

Interview ID: OHB 0079

President and senior chairman of board, Mcclurkan’s, Wichita Falls, Texas. Family background; father’s employment with McClurkan’s store in Denton and Krum; father’s experiences opening and managing McClurkan’s store in Wichita Falls, 1907; comments on grandfather W. S. Ikard’s ranching activities in Clay County and relationship with Comanche chief, Quanah Parker; educational and social experiences at Wharton School; entry into business with father, 1946; expansion and modernization of facility; comments on popularity of hats and ball point pens, 1946; views on development of shopping malls and discount businesses; expansion into shopping center, Wichita Falls, 1956; comments on changes in retailing; training of salespeople; establishment of store in Golden Triangle Mall, 1981; personnel selection for Denton store; design of Denton store; comments on merger with Dunlap Company of Fort Worth, 1982; comments on growth of sales; views on profitability of downtown Wichita Falls store; comments on advertising; involvement in trade associations and civic activities.
Date of Interview: 07/01/1983

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SMITH, Jesse (b. 1922)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0268

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Tennessee during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 21/12/1974

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SMITH, L. B. (b. ca. 1922)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0761

His experiences with the 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division, at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 20/02/1989

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SMITH, Leslie A. (b. 1909)

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0659

Executive, Caltex Petroleum Corporation. Educational background; banking business in London; employment with Caltex and assignment with Bapco on Bahrain, 1937; Bahraini royal family; Bapco policies; World War II; post-World War II developments on Bahrain; assignment to Caltex (New York), 1957; Caltex reorganization, 1957; Caltex West Fiscal; OPEC and Third World; reentry of Socal and Texaco into European market, 1967.
Date of Interview: 01/08/1985

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SMITH, Loyd (b. 1926).

Interview ID: OHB 0044

Owner and operator, Loyd’s Rentall, Denton, Texas. Family background; farming in North Texas during Depression and post-World War II period; equipment service work in Dallas and Abilene; opening martinizing shop in Denton; investment in Denton rental business; purchase of United Rental franchise; expansion of contractor phase of business; financing new location for firm; activity in construction equipment rental; dealings with local banks; growth in equipment, investment, and sales; views on government regulations; bookkeeping system; membership in American Rental Association; comments on personnel.
Date of Interview: 26/08/1980

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SMITH, Mansell (b. 1931)

Interview ID: OH 1832

For the Desegregating DFW Oral History Project. Businessman. Childhood in Denton, Texas; contact with black community; memories of segregation; floor-covering business; National Guard service; philosophy on customer service.
Date of Interview: 05/03/2014

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SMITH, Mary Margaret Dunn (b. 1940)

Interview ID: OH 1573

African-American alumna of North Texas State College. Memories of childhood and early adulthood in Irving and Dallas, Texas; experience of attending all-black schools, including Booker T. Washington Technical High School; decision to enroll at North Texas State College in 1957; adjustments required for attending school in integrated setting; experience of boarding with African-American families in the “Shack Town” neighborhood of Denton; graduation from North Texas with B.A. in 1961 and M.Ed. in 1967; career with Dallas Independent School District.
Date of Interview: 07/04/2006

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SMITH, Ona B. (b. 1930)

Interview ID: OH 1032

Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1959-91. Early life as daughter of an African-American sharecropper; segregated education; African-American housing in Dallas during the 1940s and 1950s; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; home improvements and pride in ownership; transportation problems; shopping; flooding and drainage problems; Hamilton Park PTA; Junior NAACP; desegregation of Hamilton Park School; Civic League; property restrictions; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 30/04/1991, 07/05/1991

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SMITH, Paul F. (b. 1910)

Interview ID: OH 0117

College professor. His experiences as a member of the faculty advisory committee that was responsible for the selection of John Kamerick as president of North Texas State University.
Date of Interview: 01/08/1968

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SMITH, R. G. (b. 1920)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0462

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS California during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1978

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SMITH, Rufus W. (b. 1918)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran. 1st Separate Marine Battalion.

Interview ID: OH 0788

Survivor of the siege of Corregidor. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese after his capture on Corregidor, Philippine Islands, 1942; his account of the Palawan Massacre, 1944.
Date of Interview: 13/06/1989

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SMITH, Stephen Lloyd (b. ca. 1918)

Interview ID: OH 1395

Missionary. A portion of his unpublished autobiography, “In God’s Hands,” depicting the experience of his family as civilian internees of the Japanese in the Philippines during World War II.
Date of Interview: 01/05/2001

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SMITH, Wilbur (b. 1902)

Interview ID: OH 1060

His recollections of the Progressive Era in Texarkana, Texas. Memories of grandparents and parents; ethnic groups; education and teachers; boarding houses and hotels; downtown businesses; his mother’s business activities; church activities.
Date of Interview: 30/09/1994

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SMITH, William I. (b. 1923)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1540

Farmer. His experiences aboard the escort carrier USS Kadashan Bay in the Pacific Theater during World War II. His rural background in West Texas; his decision to join the Navy, in 1943; boot camp and fireman’s school, San Diego, California, 1943; assignment to the USS Kadashan Bay, 1943; shipboard routine; the assault on Peleliu, September 14, 1944; the battle of Leyte Gulf, October, 1944; the Luzon landings and being hit by a kamikaze, January 3, 1945; ship’s overhaul and repairs in San Francisco, February, 1945; meeting his future wife in Boston, Massachusetts while decommissioning the Kadashan Bay.
Date of Interview: 20/11/2003

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SMITH, Willie F. (b. 1931)

Interview ID: OH 0829

Businessman, community leader. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1959-90. Early work experience; service during the Korean War; positions with Lawyers Title Insurance Company; decision to buy a home in Hamilton Park, 1959; public transportation problems; flooding problems; shopping; deed restrictions; Interorganizational Council and political activities; Dad’s Club and PTA at the Hamilton Park School; desegregation and effects on Hamilton Park School; zoning problems; Civic League: church activities.
Date of Interview: 31/05/1990, 14/06/1990

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SMITHWICK, R. B. (b. 1913)

Interview ID: OH 0814

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Garland and Wylie, Texas; joining the CCC; assignment to Company 869 in Farmersville, Texas; camp move to Kaufman, Texas; description of camps; life in camps.
Date of Interview: 17/11/1990

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SMYTH, T. L. (b. 1913)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0754

His experiences with the 55th Coast Artillery at Fort Ruger during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 23/04/1988

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SNELSON, Harry H. (b. 1921)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0333

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Cummings during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 11/06/1976

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SNIDER, Bennie G. (b. 1926)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1441

Banker. His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Youth and education in Denton, Texas; decision to join the Navy, February 3, 1944; boot training and electrical engineering school, San Diego, California, 1944; assignment to the aircraft carrier USS Hancock, July, 1944; a description of his duties aboard the Hancock; assignment to Task Group 58 and the invasion of the Philippines, October, 1944; invasion of Iwo Jima, February-March, 1945; invasion of Okinawa, April-May, 1945; kamikaze attacks and the Hancock being hit by a kamikaze, April 7, 1945; his description of burials at sea; postwar duties aboard the Hancock as part of Operation MAGIC CARPET.
Date of Interview: 10/06/2002

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SNYDER, Jacob W. (b. 1923)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran. 8th Antiaircraft Battalion.

Interview ID: OH 1310

Cabinetmaker. His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Experiences in the Civilian Conservation Corps; employment as a machinist in south Florida, 1941-42; entry into the Marine Corps, February, 1943; boot camp experiences at Parris Island, South Carolina; training with 40-millimeter antiaircraft guns, New River, North Carolina; assignment to the 8th Antiaircraft Battalion; stationing at Abemama, 1943-44; Japanese air raids at Abemama; reassignment to Kauai and preparations for the invasion of Okinawa, 1944; invasion of Okinawa, April, 1945; Japanese kamikazes; combat around Sugar Loaf Hill on Okinawa; typhoons and torrential rains; postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 08/08/1999

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SORENSON, James H. (b. 1918)

Interview ID: OH 0132

Banker. Observations on the settlement and development of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1935-72. Subdivisions and residential developments; Canoe Lake Corporation; tourism; early hotels and motels; duck hunting; Aransas National Wildlife Refuge; shrimping; shipbuilding; Gulf Intracoastal Waterway; hurricanes; views on community growth; local taxation; oil and gas industry; social activities.
Date of Interview: 03/07/1972

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SORENSON, Kristen James (b.1920)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1686

For the Tarrant County War Veterans Project. Childhood and education in Spring Green, Wisconsin; decision to enlist in U.S.Army following 1940 high school graduation; Army Air Forces basic training at Wheeler Field, Hawaii; advanced training in aircraft maintenance at Wheeler, Bellows, and Hickam Fields, Hawaii; social life on base; Pearl Harbor attack; assignment to Flying Staff Sergeants school; “wash-out” experience; return to maintenance squadron; service at Kearney Air Field, Nebraska; gunnery school at Wendover, Utah; assignment to B-24 crew; service in Eighth Air Force, based in England; descriptions of various bombing missions; experience training flight crews for the Chinese Air Force in Pueblo, Colorado; service at various post-war stateside bases, the bulk of it at Carswell AFB, Fort Worth, Texas; family history.
Date of Interview: 17/03/2008

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SORIA, Jovita (b. 1969)

Interview ID: OH 1757

For the DFW Metroplex Immigration Oral History Project. Mexican-born immigrant to Plano, Texas. Childhood in Mexico; first experience in Plano, Texas at age seventeen; second experience in Plano, Texas as a live-in nanny; move to Abilene, Texas; return to Mexico with husband; return to Plano as an illegal immigrant; difficulties with illegal status; assimilation into Texas culture; children’s experiences as Mexican-American; thoughts on immigration process.
Date of Interview: 10/11/2012

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SORIA, Miguel (b. 1962)

Interview ID: OH 1758

For the DFW Metroplex Immigration Oral History Project. Mexican-born immigrant to Plano, Texas. Childhood in Mexico; experiences during first visit to the U.S.; illegally crossing the border to live in Dallas, Texas; experiences with a coyote; experiences as an undocumented person; experiences with discrimination in the U.S.; thoughts on the DREAM Act and immigration process; advice for future immigrants.
Date of Interview: 02/10/2012

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SORY, Henry W. (b. 1922)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran. Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1418

Public school administrator. His experiences as a PBJ (B-25) pilot in the Southwest Pacific during World War II. His decision to join the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; Civilian Pilot Training Program, Sherman, Texas, 1941-42; pre-flight training, Grand Prairie Naval Air Station, Grand Prairie, Texas, 1942-43; basic and advanced flight training, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1943; decision to volunteer for multi-engine aircraft training and to transfer to the Marine Corps, 1943; operational training in the PBJ, Cherry Point Marine Air Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina, 1943; assignment to VMB-433; aircrew formation, Peter Field Point, North Carolina, 1943; bomber training, El Centro Marine Air Station, El Centro, California, 1944; flight across the Pacific Ocean to Espiritu Santo, 1944; assignment to Green Island, 1944; his first combat mission, August 14, 1944; “night-heckling” mission to Rabaul; other raids to Rabaul and Japanese antiaircraft defenses; transfer to Emirau, 1944; the death of his hut mate, Eric Terry; the death of his younger brother in the European Theater; various bomber sweeps over New Ireland, 1944; rest leave in Australia, November, 1944; his return to the States, March, 1945; his postwar career in education.
Date of Interview: 06/08/2001

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SOUCY, Lee B. (b. 1919)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1017

His experiences while aboard the target battleship USS Utah during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 25/04/1994

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SOVIK, Paul Anthony (b. 1920)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1736

Experiences with the 1st Marine Division in the Pacific Theater during World War II; family life and childhood in Ohio; enlistment with Marine Corps following bombing of Pearl Harbor; boot camp at Parris Island, South Carolina, and New River (now Camp Lejeune), North Carolina; deployment to the Pacific Theater aboard the USS John Ericcson and pre-combat preparations in Wellington, New Zealand, prior to Guadalcanal landing on August 7, 1942; physical and geographical descriptions of island, living conditions, combat experience, and enemy engagement; relocation to Australia for maneuvers and training in preparation for invasion of Cape Gloucester (Tuluvu), in Papua, New Guinea, on December 26, 1943; details of island life and interaction with Lt. General Lewis B. “Chesty” Puller. Experiences on Pavuva, New Guinea, and invasion of Peleliu on September 15, 1944, and experiences aboard a hospital ship after the battle; return to U.S.; experiences as a drill Instructor at Parris Island; recollections of civilian life and difficulty of post-war stresses.
Date of Interview: 08/11/2010

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SPANGLER, R. S. (b. 1909)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. Coast Artillery.

Interview ID: OH 0221

His experiences when caught on the number one tee at the Schofield Barracks Golf Course during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/07/1974

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SPARKMAN, O. R. (b. 1921)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran. Legation Guard Detachment. Tientsin.

Interview ID: OH 0075

Truck driver. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Pre-war legation duty at Peking and Tientsin, North China; surrender and imprisonment at Wusong Prison Camp, Shanghai, 1941-42; Kiangwang Prison Camp, 1942-45; Pusan, Korea, 1945; coal mining at Hakodate, Hokkaido, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 06/05/1971

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SPARKS, Joseph D. (b. 1920)

Interview ID: OH 0988

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Missouri; joining the CCC; assignment to Company 1733 in Ava, Missouri; description of camp; life in camp.
Date of Interview: 26/02/1993

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SPARKS, Mr. and Mrs. Walter (b. 1905)

Interview ID: OH 0047

Insurance executive, banker, farmer. Observations on land speculation, settlement, and development in the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1910-70. Cotton farming; banking; Mexican-Anglo relations; small town social life.
Date of Interview: 29/05/1969

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SPARKS, Mrs. Walter (b. 1905)

Interview ID: OH 0050

Homemaker. Observations on land speculation, settlement, and development around Sinton-Portland, Texas, 1910-30. Agrarian life.
Date of Interview: 28/05/1969

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SPECHT, Floyd (b. 1916)

Duke and Ayres Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0081

District manager, Duke and Ayres Company, Denton, Texas. Family background, description of Vashti, Texas, community and farming experiences; comments on work baling hay and harvesting wheat; employment with Cabell’s Ice Cream and the Baker Hotel while attending Burns Business College, Dallas, 1935; comments on Depression in Vashti and Dallas; history of Duke and Ayres Company; comments concerning ownership of company; employment as assistant manager of Duke and Ayres stores in Mineral Wells, Marlin, Brenham, Victoria, and Palestine, 1936-41; description of Saturday nights in downtown squares; items sold by company, 1930s; comments on sales volume and employee earnings; appointment as manager of Longview store, 1941; military service in India and China during World War II; description of Duke and Ayres stock option policy for managers; appointment and duties as district manager, 1962; comments on variety store competition in Texas; views on service decline in retail businesses; factors contribution to closure of Duke and Ayres; comments on personnel practices; views on Duke and Ayres management.
Date of Interview: 22/04/1983

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SPECHT, Lyle (b. 1918)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran. 6th Marine Regiment. 2nd Marine Division.

Interview ID: OH 0928

His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Guadalcanal, 1942-43; Tarawa, 1943; and Okinawa, 1945.
Date of Interview: 03/05/1993

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SPEER, Russell (b. 1921)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. Quartermaster Corps.

Interview ID: OH 1510

His experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. His education and youth in South Texas; enlistment in the Army, September, 1942; assignment to the Courts-Martial Section, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas, 1942-44; Officer Candidate School, Fort Lee, Virginia, 1944; Quartermaster School, Fort Lee, 1944; assignment to Chabua, India, 1945, as a rations breakdown officer; his job as a warehouse officer in charge of moving supplies to airstrips for transportation to the front, 1945; problems with wild elephants raiding warehouses; relations with Indian laborers; end of the war and the disposal of supplies; his return to the States, January, 1946; his postwar career in the Army Reserve.
Date of Interview: 11/09/1996

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SPENCER, Emory M. (b. 1905)

Interview ID: OH 0102

Attorney. Observations on the development of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1920-71. Cotton farming; Irish settlers and the Ku Klux Klan; experiences as an attorney; gambling; development of the Aransas County Airport; oil exploration; housing subdivisions; Coastal Bend Regional Planning Commission; hurricanes; agriculture; property values; prominent citizens of the county.
Date of Interview: 30/09/1971

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SPENCER, Gaston R. (b. 1915)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0439

His experiences with the 35th Infantry Regiment at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/07/1978

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SPENCER, Thomas (b. 1917)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0484

Member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi and Tamarkan, Thailand, 1944, and American air raids; Saigon and Da Lat, French Indo-China, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 05/02/1979

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SPILLMAN, Pat Y. (b. 1924)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran. 316th Squadron. 92nd Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1319

Architect. His experiences as a B-17 bombardier in the European Theater during World War II. Enlistment into the Aviation Cadet Program, February, 1943; basic training, Sheppard Field, Wichita Falls, Texas, 1943; Aviation Cadet Classification Center, Nashville, Tennessee, 1943; pre-flight training, Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, 1943; flexible gunnery school, Eagle Pass, Texas, 1943; bombardier school, Big Spring, Texas, 1943-44; aircrew assembly, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1944; B-17 operational training, Alexandria, Louisiana, 1944; transit from Kearney, Nebraska, to England, 1944; V-1 sightings; assignment to the 93rd Bomb Group; procedures for a typical bombing mission, particularly the bombardier's role; comments about flak; bombing under poor weather conditions; comments about various missions; his elevation to squadron lead bombardier; rest and relaxation after missions; the bombing of German submarine pens and the use of "Disney Bombs"; raid to Nürnberg, October 3, 1944; end of the war and his mustering out of the service, October 1, 1945.
Date of Interview: 13/09/1999

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SPOETZL BREWERY. Interviews with L. J. Beal (b. 1923), Joe Green (b. 1903), Calvin Wallace (b. 1936), Alfred Schramm (b. 1893), Marie Roeder, John Hybner, Dan Mundinger (b. 1925), and Archie Ladshaw (b. 1926)

Interview ID: OHB 0042

BEAL, L. J. General sales manager, Spoetzl Brewery. Family and educational background; history of brewery and recollections of founder Kosmos Spoetzl; management of brewery by Celie Spoetzl; experiences as salesman for brewery; lobbying activities during Texas Legislative sessions; sale of brewery to Bill Bigler, 1966; packaging of beer; sale of brewery, 1968; personnel and plant expansion, 1970-75; experimentation with beer formula; passage of “Shiner Brewery Bill” by Texas legislature, 1973; views on marketing beer; production of private label beer; organizational structure; brewery publicity; views on government regulations; civic activities. GREEN, Joe. Truck driver, Spoetzl Brewery. Driving trucks during Prohibition; delivery schedules in 1930s; comments on Kosmos and Celie Spoetzl; Texas business competitors; descriptions of delivery vehicles; family background; positions held with brewery. WALLACE, Calvin. Truck driver, Spoetzl Brewery. Family background; comments on Kosmos Spoetzl; experiences delivering beer; vehicle maintenance; views on living in Shiner. SCHRAMM, Alfred. Manager, Spoetzl Brewery. Family background; experiences as bookkeeper and clerk in Kingsville and Shiner; effects of Prohibition on brewery; comments on Kosmos Spoetzl; expansion of brewery; government regulations; ingredients of beer; retirement. ROEDER, Marie. Office Manager, Spoetzl Brewery. Comments on Celie Spoetzl; family background; description of bookkeeping for brewery; government regulations; price fluctuations of beer ingredients; brewery personnel. HYBNER, John. Brewmaster and plant manager, Spoetzl Brewery. Employment in cellars, brewhouse, and bottling department; responsibilities of brewmaster; description of production process; government regulations. MUNDINGER, Dan. Vice-president, Spoetzl Brewery. Business background; stock buyout of brewery, 1968; expansion and upgrading of plant; marketing status; pressure to label ingredients; comments on Brewery Association of America. LADSHAW, Archie. President, Spoetzl Brewery. Family and business background; purchase of brewery, 1968; comments on brewers organizations; business competition in Texas; state and federal legislation affecting breweries; factors contributing to successful business; employment of brewmasters; plans for expansion.
Date of Interview: 03/01/1980, 04/01/1980, 20/03/1980, 10/05/1980

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SPRINGER, John J. (b. 1919)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0334

His experiences with the 741st Ordnance Company at Wheeler Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 12/06/1976

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SPRINGER, O. L. (b. 1921)

Interview ID: OH 1222

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Arkansas and Texas; joining the CCC; assignment to a camp at White Rock Lake, Texas; description of camp; life in camp.
Date of Interview: 09/04/1998

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STAFFORD, Allen E. (b. 1916)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. L Troop. 124th Cavalry.

Interview ID: OH 1327

His experiences as a demolitions expert in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Education in West Texas; his work as an oil well shooter in the West Texas oil fields, 1930s; enlistment in the Army, 1941; assignment to the 12th Cavalry Regiment, Fort Brown, Brownsville, Texas, 1941-43; transfer to the 124th Cavalry and assignment to Burma, 1943; combat against Japanese forces around Mong Wi and Myitkyina, Burma, 1943-45; his battle wound and evacuation, July, 1945; sundry readings from his personal journal.
Date of Interview: 19/03/1999

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STALEY, Joseph S. (b. 1919)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0195

His experiences with the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 27/05/1974

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STANBROUGH, Jess (b. 1918)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0658

Physicist, businessman, member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; construction and operation of secret radio at Bicycle Camp; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1942; iron smelter at Kamaishi, Honshu, 1942-43; Ohasi, Honshu, 1943; continued operation of clandestine radio; American air and naval bombardment, 1944-45; Kamaishi, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 15/04/1985

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STANLEY, Henry (b. 1920)

U.S. Army Air Corps WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0140

Postal worker. His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 23/03/1973

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Interview ID: OH 0144

Postal worker, Army Air Forces veteran (454th Ordnance Squadron in Savannah, GA; later to become a part of the 464th Ordnance, 27th Bomb Group, Far East Air Force), survivor of the Bataan Death March. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Bataan and capture; Bataan Death March; Camp O'Donnell, 1942; Clark Field, 1942-44; hell ship to Japan, 1944; copper mining at Hanawa, Honshu, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 12/03/1973

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STAPLETON, Beth White (b. 1929)

Interview ID: OH 1623

For the Texas Textile Mill Oral History Project. Former textile mill worker. Childhood in McKinney, Texas, and education in the town’s public schools; memories of father’s cotton ginning, cotton farming, and dairy businesses; memories of Texas Textile Mill; memories of 1948 tornado; social life in McKinney.
Date of Interview: 02/12/2006

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STARKEY, John P. (b. 1925)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1518

Engineer. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Wyoming, light cruiser USS Boise, and submarine USS Mackerel during World War II. His pre-war education and employment; enlistment in the Navy, July 8, 1942; boot camp at Great Lakes, Illinois; fire control school, 1942; assignment to the training battleship Wyoming, December, 1942; transfer to the Boise, April, 1943; volunteering for assignment to the U.S. Navy Submarine Training School, New London, Connecticut, July, 1943; assignment to the Mackerel, September, 1943; war patrol in the North Atlantic, December, 1943; Naval Officers Training School, March, 1944; cancellation of his officer training, December, 1944; fire control refresher school, San Diego, California, 1945; assignment to Pearl Harbor Submarine Base, 1945, as part of a relief crew; temporary duty aboard the submarine USS Pargo, September, 1945; separation from the Navy, March, 1946; his postwar career.
Date of Interview: 05/03/2003

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STARKS, Vivian T. (b. 1907)

Interview ID: OH 0984

Schoolteacher. Her views concerning the significance and impact of women on the development of the Republican Party in Texas, 1946-93. Acceptance of African-American women by Texas Republicans; her political philosophy; women’s issues.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1993

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Interview ID: OH 1005

Schoolteacher. Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1954-91. Segregated education in Bryan, Texas; Wiley College; teaching career in segregated Dallas schools; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; transportation problems; home improvements; church activities; Civic League; the “Buy Out”; zoning problems; Interorganizational Council and political activities; employment at Hamilton Park School; desegregation of Hamilton Park school and transfer to Richardson Independent School District; Pacesetter.
Date of Interview: 23/04/1991, 08/05/1991

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STARNES, W. L. (b. 1919)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0186

Businessman, member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon and Da Lat, French Indo-China, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 02/04/1974

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STEIN, Brent “Stony Burns” L. (b. 1942)

Interview ID: OH 1241

Journalist. His experiences concerning the Dallas, Texas, counterculture of the 1960s and his activities as editor of the underground newspaper, “Dallas Notes” His association with “Notes from the Underground” at Southern Methodist University, 1967; origins of the name “Stony Burns”; attitudes toward the Dallas Establishment; harassment by civil authorities; Vietnam War as an issue; relations with the Dallas Morning News and the Dallas Times-Herald; business and financial operation of “Notes.”
Date of Interview: 28/04/1998

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STEIN, Paul D. (b. 1920)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1242

Printer, member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; imprisonment in Surabaya, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1943; Nagasaki shipyards, 1943-45; Orio, Kyushu, 1945, and American air raids; liberation; description of damage at Nagasaki after the dropping of the atomic bomb.
Date of Interview: 11/03/1998

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STEINERT, Harry G (b. 1912)

Interview ID: OH 1228

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Texas; joining the CCC; assignment to Company 856 in Palisades Park at Palo Duro Canyon near Amarillo, Texas; company move to Bowie, Texas; description of camps; life in camps.
Date of Interview: 06/03/1998

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STEINSHNIDER, Alan (b. 1944)

U.S. Navy Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1653

For the Tarrant County War Veterans Oral History Project. Vietnam War-era veteran. Childhood in Phoenix, Arizona; decision to enlist in U.S. Naval Reserves; active duty career, including service on USS Yorktown, USS Bonhomme Richard, and USS Oriskany, concluding with assignment to Naval Air Station Grand Prairie, Texas; “shellback” initiation; opinions regarding benefits of military service; daughter’s military service.
Date of Interview: 11/10/2007

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STEPHENS, Olive (b. 1916)

Interview ID: OH 1785

For the Denton County Historical Commission. Former Mayor of Shady Shores, Texas. Childhood in Clayton, Texas; life in Dallas-Fort Worth area; Shady Shores town council; mayoral service; development of Shady Shores infrastructure and emergency service; growth of Shady Shores.
Date of Interview: 12/06/2014

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STEVENS, Michie (b. 1939)

Interview ID: OH 1755

For the Air America Oral History Project. Stewardess for Air America. Growing up in World War II China and Japan; family and personal views of America; brother joins Yakuza crime syndicate; first English speaking jobs; hiring and training with Air America; meeting and marrying her husband, Air America pilot Steve Stevens; working as a stewardess for Air America in Japan; living in Laos, Thailand, and South Vietnam.
Date of Interview: 21/03/2013

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STEVENS, Steve (b. 1931)

Interview ID: OH 1756

For the Air America Oral History Project. Air America fixed-wing and rotary-wing pilot. Early interest in aviation and the military; serving with the Marine Corps in the Korean War; early connections to Air America via other Marines; flight training with the Marine Corps; getting hired with Air America; flying the Sikorsky H-34 helicopter in Laos; describing the excellent maintenance at Air America; flying photo reconnaissance missions throughout Laos including the Ho Chi Minh Trail in the Beechcraft Volpar; flying other helicopters and airplanes in Laos, South Vietnam, and Japan for Air America; flying work in other parts of the world after Air America; a Search and Rescue mission in Laos.
Date of Interview: 21/03/2013

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STEVENSON, Coke R. (b. 1888)

Texas House of Representatives. Lieutenant Governor. Governor.

Interview ID: OH 0293

Former member of the Texas House of Representatives, Speaker of the House, lieutenant governor, and governor of Texas, 1941-46. Forty-first Legislature; prison reform; administration of Governor Ross Sterling; views on the role of the Speaker of the House in the legislative process; impressions of Governor Miriam Ferguson; Forty-second Legislature; election as Speaker of the House; Texas social legislation and the New Deal; comments about Governor James Allred; election as lieutenant governor in 1938; O’Daniel gubernatorial campaign of 1938; highway financing; views on the governor’s role in the legislative process; election as governor, 1942; press relationships; wartime governor; presidential election of 1944; the white primary and the Smith v. Allwright Case; comments about Franklin Roosevelt; Forty-ninth Legislature; Rainey controversy; views on the office of governor; personal life and family background; meeting with William Jennings Bryan.
Date of Interview: 11/03/1967, 12/03/1967, 13/05/1967, 14/05/1967, 02/08/1967, 10/05/1969, 11/05/1969

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STEVENSON, Laurice (b. 1919)

Interview ID: OH 0875

Community leader. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1955-90; education in segregated schools; early work experience; military service in World War II; employment at Consolidated Lloyds Insurance Company; African-American housing in Dallas; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; description of original house floor plan; social life; pride of home ownership; transportation problems; Civic League; Interorganizational Council and political activities; flooding problems; zoning problems; church activities; Hamilton Park School; desegregation of schools; Christian Action Layman’s League; Pacesetter; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 04/09/1990, 11/09/1990

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STEWART, Arthur (b. 1924)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1665

For the Tarrant County War Veterans Oral History Project. Childhood experiences on a succession of Michigan farms during the Great Depression, including the Sharon Hollow Farm associated with Ford Motor Company; developing interest in aviation; work at Willow Run bomber plant assembling B-24s; enlistment in Army Air Forces; assignment to college training detachment at University of Tennessee-Knoxville; training as aviation cadet and assignment to training as bomber pilot; reassignment to training as gunner at Tyndall Field, Florida; transfer to base at Lincoln, Nebraska; 1946 discharge; 1947 re-enlistment; experience at Williams AFB, Arizona, training Chinese pilot cadets; transfer into weather observation and atomic testing assignments; assignments in UK, Germany, and Hawaii.
Date of Interview: 25/10/2007

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STEWART, Cleon (b. 1919)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0911

Member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942-43; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Changi Jail, 1943-45; "King Rat" and black market activities; liberation.
Date of Interview: 18/03/1993

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STEWART, Everett (b. 1915)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0308

His experiences as a fighter pilot with the 73rd Pursuit Squadron at Wheeler Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Additional comments by his wife, who was also there at the time.
Date of Interview: 24/02/1976

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STEWART, Richard O. (b. 1922)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran. 419th Night Fighter Squadron. 18th Fighter Group. 13th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1364

Airline pilot. His experiences as a fighter pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; influence of Charles Lindbergh’s non-stop Atlantic flight on his goal to become a pilot; basic training, Santa Ana, California, 1942; primary flight training, Dos Palos, California, 1942; basic flight training, Marana, Arizona, 1942; advanced flight training, Williams Field, Arizona, 1942-43; basic and advanced night fighter training, Orlando and Kissimmee, Florida, 1943; assignment to the 419th Night Fighter Squadron, 1943; assignment to the 18th Fighter Group, Guadalcanal, 1943; living conditions on Guadalcanal; searchlight and intruder missions while flying the P-38; his strafing of a Japanese patrol along the coast of Bougainville; his “kill” of a Japanese Betty bomber on New Year’s Eve, 1944; his transition to the P-61; Japanese ground attacks against his airbase on Bougainville; his description of the flying characteristics of the P-61; his promotion to squadron commander while in the Philippines, 1944; night reconnaissance and intruder missions in the Philippines, 1944-45; postwar career.
Date of Interview: 28/08/2000

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STEWART, Robert “Bob” (b. 1939)

Interview ID: OH 1490

Jazz musician. His comments about the jazz scene in Fort Worth, Texas, 1950-2000. His early interest in music; his first drum set; his first professional job with the Shorty Clements Band, 1953-57; college at Huston-Tillotson College, Austin, Texas, 1957-60; his employment as a disk jockey in Cleburne, Texas, and Fort Worth; his definition of jazz; playing with the Charles Scott Band in Fort Worth during the 1970s; after-hours clubs in Fort Worth; jazz’s role in bringing together black and white musicians; comments about various jazz clubs and venues in Fort Worth; musicians unions; comments about the lack of full-time employment opportunities for jazz musicians in Fort Worth; comments about the Fort Worth jazz scene; peculiarities of Texas jazz and the “Texas Sound.”
Date of Interview: 27/03/2003

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STEWART, William J. (b. 1920)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0544

Survivor of the sinking of the USS Houston. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1942; Ohasi, Honshu, 1942-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 11/06/1981

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STILES, John (b. 1946)

U.S. Air Force Vietnam Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1909

For the Air America Oral History Project. Fighter pilot and U.S. Air Force veteran. Recounts his training as a fighter pilot during the war in Vietnam. Shares how he and a fellow pilots planes were shot down in Northern Laos and how Air America rescued them.
Date of Interview: 05/05/2013

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STINCHCOMB, Glenn M. (b. 1927)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran. VP-27.

Interview ID: OH 1350

Engineer. His experiences as a PB4Y-2 co-pilot during World War II and the early years of the Cold War. Decision to enlist in the Navy on May 9, 1945; acceptance in the V-5 Program for naval aviators, Southwestern University, Georgetown, Texas, 1945-46; pre-flight training, Naval Air Station, Ottumwa, Iowa, 1946; his decision to participate in the Holloway Program as a midshipman, 1946; primary flight training, Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, 1947; basic flight training, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, 1947-48; PBY Catalina training, Pensacola; advanced flight training, Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1948; PB4Y-2 training, Corpus Christi; airborne radar training, Naval Air Station, San Ysidro, California, 1948; training with submarines at San Diego, California, 1948; assignment to VP-27, Naval Air Station, Whidbey Island and Kodiak Island, Alaska; Alaskan weather and its effects on flying; photo-reconnaissance missions; Russian overflights of Alaskan territory; equipment problems due to cold weather; the end of his tour, December, 1949.
Date of Interview: 17/11/1999

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STINES, James T. (b. 1921)

Interview ID: OH 0880

Plumber. His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Arkansas; joining the CCC; assignment to Company 742 at Camp Shady near Mena, Arkansas; transfer to Company 4782 at Camp Flint Creek near Phillipsburg, Montana; description of camps; life in camps.
Date of Interview: 02/03/1993

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STOCKETT, Thomas (b. 1919)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0678

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Dale during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 24/04/1986

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STOKER, J.W. (b. 1927)

Interview ID: OH 1887

For the Weatherford Oral History Project. Trick rider and longtime resident of Weatherford, Texas. Childhood and family history; trick riding; performing with various stage shows; move to Weatherford; modern rodeos.
Date of Interview: 04/08/2010

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STOKES, C. Ray (b. 1913)

Interview ID: OH 1847

For Richard Rafes’s dissertation, “The Historical Development of Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine as a State Medical School, 1960-1975.” Former TCOM Director of Development and Curator of Special Collections. Professional background; creation of TCOM.
Date of Interview: 09/07/1990

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STONE, Preston E. (b. 1916)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0498

Member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Nakhom Pathon, Thailand, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 20/02/1980

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STONE, Raymond (b. 1923)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0757

His experiences while aboard the destroyer repair ship USS Whitney during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1988

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STORRIE, James (b. ca 1910)

Interview ID: OH 1199

His reminiscences about his youth while residing in Denton, Texas, 1902-71; Boy Scouts activities, 1917-1930; other playtime activities; early descriptions of Texas Woman's University; family's emigration from Scotland, 1890; physical description of Denton, 1915-30.
Date of Interview: 01/01/1981

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STOWERS, Henry B. (b. 1911)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran. Embassy Guard Detachment. Peking.

Interview ID: OH 0148

Journalist. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Pre-war embassy duty in North China; surrender and imprisonment at Wusong Prison Camp, Shanghai, 1941-42; Kiangwang Prison Camp, 1942-45; Pusan, Korea, 1945; coal mining at Hakodate, Hokkaido, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 25/05/1973

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STRANGE, Luther G. (b. 1913)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1140

His experiences with Headquarters Squadron at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/10/1996

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STRAUS, Herbert (b. 1895)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0231

Jewish chaplain. His experiences at the Pearl Harbor Navy Base during the Japanese attack there on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/07/1974

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STRAWN, Harry C. (b. 1918)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran. 31st Fighter Group. 12th Air Force; 413th Fighter Group. 14th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1208

His experiences as a fighter pilot in the European, Mediterranean, and Pacific Theaters during World War II. Primary training, Muskogee, Oklahoma, 1940; secondary training, Goodfellow Field, San Angelo, Texas, 1941; advanced training, Brooks Field, San Antonio, Texas, 1941; assignment to the 31st Fighter Group, 1942; training in the Bell P-39 Airacobra; move to England and assignment to fly a Spitfire; Dieppe Raid, August 19, 1942; North African Campaign, 1942-43; comments about General George S. Patton; combat against French Foreign Legion troops and award of Distinguished Flying Cross by General James Doolittle; downing of his plane by antiaircraft fire and his capture by German troops, April 17, 1943; treatment of his wounds by a German military surgeon; liberation by British troops eight weeks later; further recuperation in British and American hospitals; repatriation to the U. S. and marriage, 1943; assignment to P-47 squadron during the invasion of Okinawa, April, 1945; escort missions for B-29s; napalm raids against Japanese towns and villages on Kyushu; observations of the Japanese surrender delegation at his base on Ie Shima prior to the formal surrender in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945.
Date of Interview: 16/08/1997

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STREET, Bruce (b. *)

Interview ID: OH 1783

For Richard Rafes’s dissertation, “The Historical Development of Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine as a State Medical School, 1960-1975.” Former TCOM employee. History of TCOM.
Date of Interview: 29/06/1990

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STRITTMATTER, Joseph (b. 1919)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0210

His experiences with VP-24 at Ford Island Naval Air Station during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/06/1974

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STRNAD, John C. (b. 1921)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0417

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Allen during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 29/03/1978

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STROBEL, Naran “Nora” Dorj (b. 1971)

Interview ID: OH 1737

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Mongolian-born immigrant to Plano, Texas, surgical technician. Granddaughter of Dorj Cembel, first state governor for the Bulgan State and Selenge State in Mongolia. Born and raised in Ulan Bator, Mongolia; education in Mongolia, China and United States; life in Communist Mongolia; aftermath of Perestroika; emigration from Mongolia; citizenship; marriage and family in the United States.
Date of Interview: 06/03/2011

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STRONG, Raymond D. (b. 1924)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1124

His experiences with Base Communications on Ford Island during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/12/1995

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STROUD, James (b. 1914)

Texas House of Representatives. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0087

Civil service administrator, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Dallas, Democrat. His experiences and personal views as a member of the Regular and First Special Session of the Sixty-second Legislature. Revenue bills; corporate profits tax; Sharpstown stock-fraud scandal; legislative ethics; “Dirty Thirty”; appropriations; redistricting; personal legislation.
Date of Interview: 27/06/1971

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Interview ID: OH 0090

Civil service administrator, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Dallas, Democrat. His experiences as an employee in the Dallas regional office of the Home Owners Loan Corporation during the New Deal. Mortgage buying; loan amortization; insurance; home improvements; accounting procedures; politics and patronage; taxes and appraising; foreclosures; loan servicing.
Date of Interview: 06/08/1971

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Interview ID: OH 0150

Civil service administrator, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Dallas, Democrat. His experiences and personal views as a member of the Second, Third, and Fourth Special Sessions of the Sixty-second Legislature. House speakership races; selection of committee chairmen; House rules changes; Governor Preston Smith’s one-year budget; insurance legislation; comments about Governor Smith.
Date of Interview: 28/11/1972

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