Collections: Browse By Last Name. f

FAIR, Lloyd C. (b. 1921)

Duke & Ayres Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0089

Supervisor and buyer for stores, Duke & Ayres Company. Family background; farming near Weatherford, Texas; experiences during Depression in Weatherford; employment with Duke & Ayres, 1941; comments on employee rules and regulations; description of ownership changes; comments on merchandise sold in stores; personnel practices; employment with Duke & Ayres variety store in Athens, Texas, 1945; changes in business after World War II; difficulties obtaining popular products in quantity; comments on failure of growth in company after World War II; employment at new store in Lancaster, Texas, 1959; promotion to and experiences as supervisor of stores; transfer to Dallas as buyer for stores, 1966; problems as buyer for variety store chain; comments on management changes; description of First Southwest’s purchase of Duke & Ayres, 1972; management’s cutback in operations, 1982; views on company’s cessation of operations, 1983.
Date of Interview: 24/02/1984

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FANSLER, Hershel (b. 1920)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0257

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with the 804th Aviation Engineer Battalion during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/12/1974

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FAULK, John Henry (b. 1913)

Interview ID: OH 0542

Humorist, storyteller, radio and television personality, environmentalist. Student days at the University of Texas; comments about J. Frank Dobie, Walter Prescott Webb, and Roy Bedichek; service during World War II; interest in folklore; employment with CBS; Mccarthyism; his suit against Aware, Incorporated; involvement in environmental issues; skirmishes with the Trinity River Authority; comments about Ned Fritz, Randy and J. R. Parten, and Joe Penelli.
Date of Interview: 09/06/1981

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FEATHERLING, Howard (b. 1918)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0443

His experiences at the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1978

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FEILD, Carlene B. (b. 1921)

Interview ID: OH 0942

Her recollections concerning the Crater of Diamonds and diamond mining around Murfreesboro, Arkansas.
Date of Interview: 17/03/1993

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FELIZ, Jack M. (b. 1911)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1373

Survivor of the sinking of the USS Houston. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of the Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1942; prison camp at Ohasi, Honshu, 1942-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 28/02/2000

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Interview ID: OH 1374

His autobiography, entitled The Saga of Sailor Jack
Date of Interview: 28/02/2000

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FENDELL, Ed (b. 1932)

Interview ID: OH 1592

For the Skylab Oral History Project. NASA communications engineer and assistant flight director. Memories of childhood in New Britain, Conn.; service in Korean War-era Air Force; 1963 decision to join NASA; communications work for Apollo, Skylab, International Space Station, and Space Shuttle program missions; trouble-shooting for Skylab missions; lessons learned from Skylab program; personnel issues at Johnson Space Center (JSC); turf battles between JSC and other NASA centers.
Date of Interview: 27/10/2006

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FENOGLIO, Charley (b. 1918)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0549

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Pennsylvania during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1981

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FENOGLIO, Melvin (b. 1923)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1347

Educator, farmer-rancher. His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Early family history in Montague County, Texas; his pre-war education; his enlistment in the Navy in December, 1942; his acceptance in the V-7 Program, 1943; Midshipman School, Columbia University, 1943; his failing out of Midshipman School and transfer to the U.S. Naval Training Center, Newport, Rhode Island, for yeoman training; assignment to the USS Little at Bremerton, Washington, August, 1944; gunnery practice off the Hawaiian Islands, December, 1944-January, 1945; Iwo Jima Campaign, February-March, 1945; his personal observations of the flag-raisings on Mount Suribachi; Okinawa Campaign, April, 1945, and the Little’s assignment to radar picket duty at Station Ten; his ship being hit by four kamikazes and sinking on May 3, 1945; rescue in the water by his shipmates; survival in the water for three hours before being picked up by LCS(L)-25; lasting effects of his World War II experiences.
Date of Interview: 19/07/2000

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FENOGLIO, W. H. (b. 1909)

Haverty’s Furniture Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0080

General and regional manager, Haverty’s Furniture Company, Houston, Texas. Family Family background; Fenoglio settlement in Montague County, Texas; farming in Montague; comments on grape production and effects of Prohibition on business; education in Montague; effects of Depression in Montague; employment with Haverty’s Furniture, 1928; history of company; work as door-to-door salesman and origin of $1.00 down and $1.00 a week credit business; expansion of stores in Houston; promotion to store floor salesman, 1939; promotion to assistant manager and manager of Houston stores; appointment to and experiences on board of directors, 1960; purchasing and closing out of National Stores chain, 1961; building stores in Houston suburbs, 1960s; experiences as western regional manager of stores; comments on buying merchandise for stores; views on management training; sales volume and competition in Houston market; closing of Houston stores, 1980; financing of stores and organizational structure; comments on unionization of Haverty’s stores in Houston; experiences dealing with warehouser’s strike; use of advertising; views on success of Dallas store; comments on Depression in Houston; participation in trade associations; dealings with OSHA and EEOC; managerial practices; civic activities in Houston and Nocona, Texas.
Date of Interview: 06/01/1983

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FERGUSON, George (b. 1906)

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0665

Executive. Educational background; employment with Texaco; transfer to Caltex; Australian experience; origins of Caltex; Caltex (Australia); activities during World War II; expatriates in Caltex; Ampol, Alba, H. C. Sleigh; Kurnell refinery; navy fuel oil contracts; president, Caltex East; Caltex in Japan; nationalization; president, Caltex West; Texaco’s and Socal’s reentry into Europe, 1967; Caltex’s move from New York to Dallas.
Date of Interview: 04/10/1985

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FERGUSON, Hattie Bell (b. 1911)

Interview ID: OH 0070

Farmwoman, homemaker. Her observations on land speculation, settlement, and development in the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1910-70. Small town social life; agrarian life; Mexican-Anglo relations; King Ranch.
Date of Interview: 13/03/1970

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FERGUSON, Joe Frank (b. 1914)

Interview ID: OH 1161

Musician, vocalist. His experiences as a musician/vocalist with Bob Wills’s”Texas Playboys” and the “Light Crust Doughboys” western swing bands, 1936-42; comments about Bob Wills and band members Marvin Montgomery, Kenneth Pitts, AL Stricklin, “Smoky” Dacus, “Knocky” Parker, Leon McAuliffe, Eldon Shamblin; forming his own groups and playing the Fort Worth, Texas, nightclub circuit, 1950-70; comments about western swing, big band, and pop music.
Date of Interview: 09/11/1996

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FERNANDEZ, Francis X. (b. 1933)

Interview ID: OH 0690

Roman Catholic priest. His recollections of customs, folklore, and superstitions in the Basque country of Spain; experiences as a Capuchin seminarian; reminiscences about the Spanish Civil War; recent social changes in the Basque country.
Date of Interview: 28/04/1985

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FERRILL, Herbert (b. 1925)

Interview ID: OH 0605

College instructor, former assistant football coach at North Texas State College. His experiences concerning the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 20/07/1983

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FICKEL, Albert (b. 1920)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0319

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Pennsylvania during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/05/1976

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FICKLIN, Frank W. (b. 1922)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0691

Businessman, member of the “Lost Battalion.” His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Changi Jail, 1944; liberation.
Date of Interview: 16/01/1987

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FIELDS, Brenda (b. 1943)

Interview ID: OH 1786

For the Desegregating DFW Oral History Project. Texas Civil Rights activist and NAACP youth council member. Childhood in Dallas; desegregation protests of the State Fair of Texas, Picadilly’s, H. L. Green, and the Majestic; memories of Juanita Craft and NAACP youth movement; Civil Rights movement; Dallas Independent School District desegregation case; contemporary Dallas NAACP and continued activism.
Date of Interview: 03/03/2014

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FIELDS, Le Verne (b. ca. 1935)

Interview ID: OH 0835

Community leader. Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1959-90. Youth in segregated East Texas; lack of housing for African Americans; decision to buy a home in Hamilton Park; home improvements; flooding problems; employment; entertainment and social activities; church activities; desegregation of the Hamilton Park School; Pacesetter; zoning problems; Civic League; traffic problems; park development; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 09/07/1990

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FIELDS, Marshall (b. 1919)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0105

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Capture on Wake Island; Wusong Prison Camp, Shanghai, 1942-44; Pusan, Korea, 1945; Hakodate, Hokkaido, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 13/02/1972

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FIELDS, Randell (b. 1952)

Interview ID: OH 1537

His experiences while attending the Texas International Pop Festival, Lewisville, Texas, August 30-September 1, 1969. His early youth in rural Texas (Jack County); his mother’s interest in music and honkytonks; attendance at the “Big D Jamboree” at the Sportatorium, Dallas, Texas, during the Sixties; effects of his parents' divorce; influence of his young stepmother’s interest in current music; his transfer from Mesquite, Texas, High School to North Mesquite High School; student challenges to authority at North Mesquite High School; comments about the rock ‘n roll music of the Sixties; influence of the radio station KZEW; his decision to attend the Texas International Pop Festival; his trip to the festival accompanied by his brother, sister, and father; observing the festival from outside the grounds; significance of the festival.
Date of Interview: 04/12/2003

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FILLMORE, Benjamin D. (b. 1920)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0162

Horticulturalist, member of the “Lost Battalion.” His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Tamarkan, Thailand, 1944; liberation.
Date of Interview: 09/10/1973

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FINCH, Louis L. (b. 1919)

U.S. Marine Corps WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1115

His experiences as a member of the 7th and 15th Defense Battalions during World War II.
Date of Interview: 18/12/1995

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FINLEY, Mary (b. 1950)

Interview ID: OH 1859

For the Dallas LGBT Oral History Project. Administrator and co-founder of the UNT Ally program. Building LGBT resources at the UNT library and Ally program; Safe Zone programs; faculty training to support LGBT students in the DFW Metroplex; education and work experiences; influence to become an Ally; support of the gay community.
Date of Interview: 08/08/2013

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FISH, Herbert M. (b. 1907)

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0660

Executive. Educational background; U.S. Army in World War II; employment with Shell; Area Petroleum Office; employment with Caltex; China experience; Japan, 1949-1955; Nippon Oil Company and Koa Oil Company; supervisor, West Mediterranean Area, 1955; regional director, Inner Europe Division; refinery expansion; French experience; Socal’s and Texaco’s assumption of European operations from Caltex, 1967; comments about Phil Lefevre, Shun Nomura, Jose Alvarez, Henri Bellande.
Date of Interview: 31/07/1985

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FISHER, J. W. (b. 1903)

Fischer's Meat Market.

Interview ID: OHB 0038

Founder of Fischer’s Meat Market, Muenster, Texas. [Note: Name changed to Fisher. Original family name, Fischer, maintained only to identify business.] Family background; farming and public education in Muenster; establishment of meat market, 1927; business expansion to include groceries, 1933; effects of Depression in Muenster; production and marketing of Fischer’s Sausage; opening of retail store in Denton; description of deer processing; business volume; sale of business, 1975; views on government regulations; civic activities in Muenster; dominance in area food markets.
Date of Interview: 17/04/1980

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FISK, William J. (b. 1925)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran. VPB-123.

Interview ID: OH 1160

His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Assignment to the crew of a PB4Y2; his unauthorized participation in a combat mission out of Okinawa over the Sea of Japan; battle damage to his plane; description of Hiroshima and Nagasaki from aerial observations after the dropping of the atomic bombs.
Date of Interview: 26/12/1996

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FISKEN, Geoffrey B. (b. 1915)

Royal New Zealand Air Force WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0998

His experiences in the Pacific Theater as a combat pilot in the Royal New Zealand Air Force during World War II. Fall of Singapore; Guadalcanal operations; air combat against Japanese Zeros; release from duty, December 1943.
Date of Interview: 01/05/1993

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FITCH, John “Jack” C. (b. 1921)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1070

His experiences as an officer aboard the destroyers USS Nicholas, Lavallette, and Benner in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Battle of Kula Gulf, June, 1943; Battle of Kolombangara, July, 1943; rescue of cruiser USS Helena survivors; various naval skirmishes off Guadalcanal; invasion of Tarawa and Makin Islands, November, 1943; invasions of Roi, Kwajalein, and Eniwetok; invasion of Hollandia; battle off Biak Island; radar picket duty off northern Japan, 1945.
Date of Interview: 19/03/1995

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FITZGERALD, Armaiti Shahidi (b. 1976)

Interview ID: OH 1727

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Iranian-born immigrant to Plano, Texas; graphic designer, business owner, and beauty pageant winner. Childhood, home life and school in Tehran, Iran; Al Zahra University in Tehran; coming to America as a young bride; attending the University of North Texas and finding a career as a fine artist in Dallas; serving as Mrs. International 2009; establishing the Fight Oral Cancer Foundation.
Date of Interview: 17/03/2011

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FITZGERALD, Diane (b. 1940)

Interview ID: OH 1882

For the American History: Voluntary Simplicity Oral History Project. Homesteader and simple life advocate. Childhood; early experiences with farming and outdoors; move to Maine; discovery of the Nearings; decision to homestead; memories of the Nearings.
Date of Interview: 24/07/2014

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FITZPATRICK, Dorothy Mabry (b. 1896)

Interview ID: OH 1031

Her recollections of women’s lives and activities in Texarkana, Texas, during the period around World War I. Courtship and marriage to “Fitz” Fitzpatrick; social activities; Liberty Bond drives; church activities; education; Texarkana during World War I; divorce, attitudes toward.
Date of Interview: 31/03/1994

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FLANAGAN, John, Jr. (b. 1923)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1631

For the Tarrant County War Veterans Oral History Project. Memories of childhood and education in Shreveport, Louisiana; drafting into U.S. Army and assignment to an air base security battalion; overseas service in Pacific theater; enrollment at Tuskegee Institute and flight instruction under Charles A. (“Chief”) Anderson; career with Federal Housing Administration and Housing and Urban Development agencies.
Date of Interview: 27/07/2006

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FLATLEY, Robert H. (b. 1923)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran. 12th Fighter Squadron. 18th Fighter Group. 13th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1348

Business executive. His experiences as a P-38 pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, November, 1942; basic training, Sheppard Field, Wichita Falls, Texas, 1942-43; pre-flight training, Santa Ana, California, 1943; primary flight training at Rankin Air Base, Tulare, California, 1943; basic flight training, Marana, Arizona, 1943; advanced flight training, Williams Field, Chandler, Arizona, 1943-44; gunnery training, Ajo, Arizona, and Victorville, California, 1944; P-38 training at Santa Maria Air Force Base, Santa Maria, California, 1944; his description of the intricacies of flying a P-38; assignment to Nadzab, New Guinea, and mission to Rabaul, 1945; assignment to the 13th Air Force at Morotai, 1945; transfer to various airstrips in the Philippines, 1945; mission to Sumatra and the destruction of forty-seven locomotives, 1945; various missions to targets in the Philippines, 1945; activities between combat missions; postwar military activities in the Philippines; postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 27/10/1999

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FLATO, Edwin F. (b. ca. 1885)

Interview ID: OH 0115

Retired businessman. His observations on land speculation, settlement, and development in the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1904-30. His ventures in the hardware business; origins of the Santa Gertrudis breed of cattle; Kleberg interests.
Date of Interview: 13/03/1970

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FLEMING, Donald (b. 1920)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran. 781st Bomb Squadron. 465th Bomb Group. 15th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1498

Grain elevator operator. A personal diary of his experiences as a B-24 navigator in the European Theater during World War II. Preparations at McCook, Nebraska, for overseas duty, February, 1944; description of flight overseas to Pantanella, Italy, April, 1944; missions to Wiener Neustadt, Toulon, Vienna, Budapest, Munich, Friedrichshafen, Ploesti, Krakow (all in 1944-45); enemy flak and fighter opposition; American fighter escorts.
Date of Interview: 30/05/2003

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Interview ID: OH 1505

His experiences as a B-24 navigator in the European Theater during World War II. His education through college and graduation from Kansas State University, 1942; decision to enlist as an Aviation Cadet in the Army Air Forces, 1943; navigator training, San Marcos, Texas, 1943; bomber transition training, McCook, Nebraska, 1943; assignment to Pantanella Air Base, Italy, 1944; his description of various missions to Austria and Rumania, 1944; fighter escorts by the Tuskegee Airmen (332nd Fighter Group, 15th Air Force); raids against oil refineries and marshalling yards; enemy flak and fighter opposition; his return to the States after fifty-one missions, 1944; his crew’s pet dog; correspondence with his wife; postwar business career.
Date of Interview: 30/05/2003

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FLEMMONS, John W. (b. 1923)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0766

His experiences while aboard the target battleship USS Utah during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 18/03/1989

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FLIGHT, Michael (b. 1972)

Interview ID: OH 1708

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Argentinian-born immigrant to Roanoke, Texas. Childhood and education in Buenos Aires and Sao Paulo, Brazil; parents’ backgrounds; life under military dictatorship; perspectives on Cold War; stories of the “disappeared”; Argentinian government’s inability to manage the economy; Falkland Islands War; Argentinian politics; effects of hyperinflation; courtship of and marriage to Maria Andrea Busico; experience as a university student; work in import-export and manufacturing fields; wife’s work in information technology field; 2001 economic collapse and ensuing constitutional crisis, including five presidents in span of a week; “cacerolazo” and “choripan and a coka” protests; memories of September 11, 2001, attacks and difficulty of travel to U.S. in aftermath; real estate investments; daughter’s birth; wife’s job offer from Westlake Academy in Westlake, Texas; decision to emigrate; acculturation struggles; difficulty finding work in midst of recession; perspectives on various aspects of American culture and politics, including debates surrounding immigration policy; participation in North Texas Caledonian Pipes and Drums Band.
Date of Interview:
02/11/2009 to 25/01/2010
,
02/05/2010 to 09/07/2010

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FLINN, Leland L. (b. 1911)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1121

His experiences aboard the submarine USS Silversides in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
Date of Interview: 06/03/1996

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FLOYD, John B. (b. 1916)

Schmitz-Floyd-Hamlett Funeral Homes. Inc..

Interview ID: OHB 0072

Owner and president, Schmitz-Floyd-Hamlett Funeral Homes, Inc., Denton, Texas. Family background; description of Denton, 1920s; employment as taxi cab driver for Dixie Motor Company, 1935; effects of Depression in Denton; employment in grandfather’s furniture store, 1937; employment with Schmitz’s funeral Home, 1938; description of embalming process and ambulance service; departure of Jack Schmitz from company, 1947; geographical areas served by funeral home; discussion of area cemeteries; description of personnel and financing of business; views on advertising; discussion of legal requirements for burial operation; views on advantages of operating family business; comments on funeral expenses; civic activities.
Date of Interview: 22/10/1982

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FOMBY, William W. (b. 1919)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0564

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Oklahoma during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1982

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FOOTE, Charles P. (b. 1922)

Interview ID: OH 0923

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Childhood in Hunt County, Texas; joining the CCC; assignment to a camp at Wolfe City, Texas; description of camp; life in camp.
Date of Interview: 21/02/1993

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FORBES, Jonathan (b. *)

Interview ID: OH 1694

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Canadian-born immigrant to Plano, Texas, and UNT undergraduate student. Childhood and education in Halifax, Nova Scotia; parent’s decision to immigrate to the U.S.; comparison and contrast of life in Canada and U.S.; first impressions of U.S.; experiences with U.S. immigration and customs bureaucracy; perception of changes due to 9/11 attacks; intention to remain in U.S. and gain citizenship; views on contemporary political issues.
Date of Interview: 01/12/2009

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FORD, Sid (b. 1897)

Interview ID: OHB 0097

Rancher-farmer, Denton, Texas. Family background; farming near Blue Mound, Texas; experiences during Depression in Denton County; work as cattle and sheep raiser; experiences buying, selling, and transporting cattle; discussion of Bang’s Disease in cattle; comments on Denton area ranchers; contracting out of grain farming business; experiences in hog raising business, 1960s; real estate activities in Denton; activities with Denton Livestock Association and North Texas Wool Association; experiences as inspector and collector of loans for Denton County Bank; employment with Production Credit Association.
Date of Interview: 18/09/1985

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FORD, Wilbur “Bill” H. (b. 1917)

U.S. Army Air Forces WWII Veteran. 613th Bomb Squadron. 401st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1386

His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Induction into the Army, March, 1942, and basic training at Abilene, Texas; transfer to the Army Air Force, 1943; College Training Detachment, Cedar City, Utah, 1943; primary flight training, King City, California, 1943; basic flight training, Lemoore, California, 1943-44; advanced flight training, Marfa Army Air Field, Marfa, Texas, 1944; B-17 transition training, Hobbs, New Mexico, 1944; crew assignment, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1944; crew training, Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas, 1944; assignment to the 401st Bomb Group, Deenethorpe, England, 1944; enemy flak; comments about the highlights of his nine missions over Germany, April 4-20, 1945; battle damage to his plane; Dresden raid, April 17, 1945; return to the States and transition training in B-29s for transfer to the Pacific Theater.
Date of Interview: 18/11/1999

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FORRY, Alfred (b. 1925)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 362nd Battalion. 91st Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1261

Foundry worker. His experiences as a member of the 91st Infantry Division in the Italian Campaign during World War II. Induction into the Army, 1943; basic training at Fort Hood; advanced training in the California mountains; troopship to Oran and then to Naples; assignment as a replacement to the 362nd Battalion, 91st Infantry Division; small unit infantry combat tactics; designation as the squad's BAR man; Rome-Arno Offensive, 1944; importance of artillery support for infantrymen; baptism to combat; Apennines Campaign, 1944-45; life on the front lines for forty-five consecutive days; winter quarters in the Apennines; Po Valley Campaign, 1945; end of the war and mustering out of the military.
Date of Interview: 12/08/1998

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FORSMAN, Melford L. (b. 1921)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0521

Survivor of the sinking of the USS Houston. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944-45; solitary confinement and torture by the Kempei Tai; liberation.
Date of Interview: 28/07/1980

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FORT, Robert L. (b. 1922)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1093

His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS Raleigh during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 28/10/1995

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FORTENBERRY, George E. (b. 1920)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. Medical Detachment. 112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1551

College professor. His experiences in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His attendance at various schools in Texas and Oklahoma during the Great Depression; decision to join the Texas National Guard, 1940; basic cavalry training, Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas, 1940; assignment as a clerk to the veterinary section; assignment to Fort Clark, Brackettville, Texas, February, 1941; return to Fort Bliss, 1941, for additional training; return to Fort Clark; shipment overseas to Noumea, New Caledonia, July 8, 1942; his transfer to the Medical Detachment as a clerk; various stories about his experiences in New Britain, New Guinea, and the Philippines; first-hand and second-hand accounts of combat at Aitape, New Guinea; tropical diseases, combat-related psychological problems; everyday camp life in the Southwest Pacific.
Date of Interview: 24/09/2003

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FOSQUE, John D. (b. 1911)

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0661

Executive. Educational background; employment in Haiti with Texaco; transfer to Caltex; marketing activities of Caltex (India), 1936-41; service in the China-Burma India Theater during World War II; postwar Caltex (India) marketing strategies; partition of India; refinery at Vishakhapatnam; relationship between home office (New York) and field operations; transfer to New York office as general manager of the Central East Division, 1954; relationship between Caltex and shareholders; president, Caltex West; refinery expansion in 1950s; reorganization, 1957; nationalization and expropriation; OPEC.
Date of Interview: 02/08/1985

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FOSTER, J. Fagg (b. ca. 1922)

Interview ID: OH 0015

His involvement in the Rainey controversy while a graduate assistant at the University of Texas, 1944-45.
Date of Interview: 28/08/1967

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FOSTER, Trudy (b. 1924)

Interview ID: OH 0706

Realtor, community activist. Her experiences concerning the activities of the Denton Christian Women’s Inter-Racial Fellowship during the 1960s and 1970s. Early organization and social activities; desegregation of public places in Denton; desegregation of housing in Denton; desegregation of public schools; tutoring program and Denton Christian Preschool; street paving in the African-American section of Denton; urban renewal; evolving nature of the group.
Date of Interview: 17/11/1987

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FOUTS, Alan A. (b. 1920)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1424

His experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
Date of Interview: 06/12/2001

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FOWLER, F. W. (b. 1915)

C. R. Fowler Hardware.

Interview ID: OHB 0060

Owner and operator, C. R. Fowler Hardware, and mayor, Krum, Texas. Family background; origins of Denton County Library; school experiences in Krum; experiences in Dallas during Depression; employment at father’s hardware store in Krum, 1933; effects of Depression on Krum; effects of World War II on hardware business; phase-out of farm implement business, 1958; experiences with appliance division of store and its phase-out, 1965; purchase of store from father, 1967; description of shelf hardware stock; sale of business, 1981; description of clientele, market area, profit margin, and financing of store; farming in Krum; decline of business activity in Krum, 1940s; incorporation of Krum and election of mayor, 1954; efforts to develop Krum; civic activities; impressions of Sam Rayburn, Lyndon Johnson, and Graham Purcell.
Date of Interview: 28/09/1981

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FOWLER, Wick (b. 1909)

Interview ID: OH 0018

Journalist. His early career as a reporter; impressions of Martin Dies; Shivers gubernatorial campaign of 1950; his experiences as appointments secretary to Governor Allan Shivers; observations of Stevenson-Johnson senatorial race of 1948.
Date of Interview: 28/09/1981

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FOX, Jerome “Jake” D. (b. 1925)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1512

His experiences as an OS2U Kingfisher gunner aboard the cruiser USS Detroit in the Pacific Theater during World War II. His youth on a ranch in West Texas; his decision to enlist in the Navy, June, 1943; boot camp at San Diego, California, 1943; aerial gunner school at Naval Air Station, Modesto, California, 1943; assignment to the OS2U crew aboard the Detroit, February, 1944; patrol duty in the Aleutian Islands, 1944; bombardment of the Kurile Islands, June, 1944, as part of Task Force 94; South American patrol, July-December, 1944; shipboard routine; assignment to the Central Pacific Theater as an escort for the Tanker Division in refueling carrier battle groups, 1945; kamikaze attacks; operations off Iwo Jima and Okinawa, 1945; the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945; his postwar activities.
Date of Interview: 21/08/2003

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FRANCO, Pedro F., D.D.S. (b. 1969)

Interview ID: OH 1720

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Columbian-born oral surgeon living in Irving, Texas. Family Background; childhood experiences in Cali, Colombia; father kidnapped by guerilla group; college and dental school in Bogota; playing on the college soccer team; residency in guerilla-dominated portion of Colombia; educational experiences in Chicago; return to Colombia, and decision to come to Dallas after being threatened by guerillas; impact of father and mother shaping values and work ethic; dealing with American stereotypes of Colombia; description of Colombia’s violent history; experiences working for a new constitution in Colombia; Apathy of new generation in America; Mexico becoming the “new Colombia”; legalization of narcotics; expectations upon coming to America; thoughts on the importance of philanthropy; importance of immigrants in making America great.
Date of Interview: 10/03/2011

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FRANKLIN, Mary (b. 1949)

Interview ID: OH 1836

For the Dallas LGBT Oral History Project. Long-time LGBT activist. Childhood in New York City; coming out; awareness of sexuality; self-identification; lesbian community in 1960s and 1970s; discrimination; activism; move to Dallas; Dallas LGBT community and history; AIDS crisis in Dallas; continued AIDS activism.
Date of Interview: 18/10/2013

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FREEBORN, Sidney M. (b. 1885)

Interview ID: OH 0131

Farmer-rancher. His observations on land speculation, settlement, and development of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1920-70. Summer vacations; ranch experiences; hurricane of 1942; tourism; local hotels and saloons; sports.
Date of Interview: 02/07/1972

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FREELAND, Gene (b. 1928)

Interview ID: OH 0515

Labor official. His experiences as a member of the Dallas council of AFL-CIO. Early experiences in International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers at Dallas Power and Light; union steward in Meter Service Division, 1958; union president, 1960; union business manager, 1962-65; secretary-treasurer, Dallas AFL-CIO, 1965-79; problems of labor organizing in Texas; Texas government and organized labor; women and organized labor; ethnic minorities and organized labor; Texas “right-to-work” law; organized labor and community involvement; Dallas city government and organized labor; industrial unions versus construction unions.
Date of Interview: 12/10/1980

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FREEMAN, Fred (b. ca. 1910) and Verna Belle (b. ca. 1910)

Interview ID: OH 1213

Farmers-ranchers. Comments about Denton and Denton County, Texas, 1924-86. Farm and ranch life; North Texas State Normal School; North Texas Fair; comments about various residents of Denton.
Date of Interview: 23/07/1986

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FREEMAN, Frederick R. (b. 1925)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Platoon. E Company. 101st Infantry Regiment. 26th Infantry Division.

Interview ID: Oh 1338

Accountant. His experiences as a combat infantryman in the European Theater during World War II. Basic training at Fort Benning, Georgia, 1943; his selection for the ASTP program and schooling at Northeastern University, 1944; cancellation of the ASTP program and his transfer to the 26th Infantry Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, 1944; advanced infantry training at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, 1944; initial combat on the front lines in France, September, 1944; his description of survival techniques under combat conditions; Ardennes Offensive and the Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January 1945; effects of combat losses and acclimation of individual replacements; his bout with combat exhaustion and reassignment to a replacement depot as a clerk; participation in the Army of Occupation, 1945-46; postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 31/03/2000

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FREEMAN, L. Vinson (b. 1923)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 83rd Infantry.

Interview ID: OH 1863

Administrator. Childhood in St. Louis, Missouri; draft into infantry; basic training; deployment to the European theater; Battle of the Bulge; attending University in France; return stateside; post-war life; veterans group involvement.
Date of Interview: 28/05/2015

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FRIEDSAM, Hiram (b. ca. 1925)

Interview ID: OH 1054

College professor. His experiences concerning the desegregation of North Texas State College, 1954-56.
Date of Interview: 28/04/1995

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FRITZ, Edward C. (b. 1916)

Interview ID: OH 0603

Attorney, environmentalist. Texas Water Plan; Trinity River Project; general comments concerning water resource planning in Texas; Trinity Improvement Association; Trinity River Authority; his philosophy on conservation and environmentalism.
Date of Interview: 07/02/1983

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FUJITA, Frank (b. 1921)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard).

Interview ID: OH 0058

Artist, member of the “Lost Battalion.” His secret diary that he kept as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II.
Date of Interview: 09/11/1970

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FUKUI, George (b. 1921)

Interview ID: OH 0538

Microbiologist. His experiences during the relocation of Japanese-Americans in World War II. Family history; Pearl Harbor; Tanforan Assembly Center; camp life; Topaz; leave clearance.
Date of Interview: 19/10/1980

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FUKUI, Yuri (b. 1922)

Interview ID: OH 0522

Geneticist. Her experiences during the relocation of Japanese-Americans in World War II. Childhood; pre-Pearl Harbor discrimination; Pearl Harbor; Tanforan Assembly Center; camp life; Topaz; registration of Japanese-Americans for military service; leave clearance; Issei-Nisei conflicts.
Date of Interview: 19/10/1980

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FULLER, Vernon (b. 1921)

U.S. Navy WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0211

His experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Argonne during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 03/07/1974

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FULTZ, J. H. (b. 1915)

Fultz's News Agency.

Interview ID: OHB 0046

Owner and operator, Fultz’s News Agency, Denton, Texas. Family background; comments on development of Sweetwater and Abilene; selling newspapers in West Texas; comments on Depression period in Abilene; magazine delivery business in Abilene; operation of wholesale magazine business in Denton, 1939; retail operation, 1941; business and social activities on Denton Courthouse Square, 1940s; expansion of magazine franchising; sale of wholesale operation, 1979; magazine delivery schedule; views on demise of popular magazines, 1950s; comments on comic book controversy; financing of business; comments on Golden Triangle mall development; views on government regulations; civic activities; comments on book prices.
Date of Interview: 14/10/1980

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FUNG, Edward (b. 1922)

U.S. Army WWII Veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0404

Member of the “Lost Battalion.” His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand; Nakom Paton, Thailand, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 21/12/1977

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FUNK, Clyde (b. 1918)

U.S. Army Air Corps WWII Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0276

Physician. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans after being shot down over Nazi-occupied France during World War II. Normandy invasion, 1944; shooting down of bomber and capture in France, October 12, 1944; interrogation at Dulag Luft, Wetzlar, Germany; Oberursel; Stalag Luft III-A, Sagan; Stalag Luft I·-A, Moosburg; forced marches; liberation by American troops.
Date of Interview: 22/02/1975

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