Collections: Browse By Last Name. l

LA FOLLETTE, Melvin W. (b. 1930

Interview ID: OH 1606

Career as an educator and in the ministry of the Roman Catholic Church; duties as canon missioner in the Big Bend region of Texas; experiences with U.S. Border Patrol and U.S. Marines, and National Guard troops stationed at border; shooting of Esequiel Hernandez, Jr.; perceptions of U.S. Border Patrol among people of Redford, Texas, following the shooting; efforts to investigate the shooting; changes in border enforcement since September 11, 2001.
Date of Interview: 30/09/2006

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LA RUE, Lemuel L. (b. 1923).

Headquarters. 379th Field Artillery Battalion. 102nd Infantry Battalion. Army veteran. Headquarters. 379th Field Artillery Battalion. 102nd Infantry Battalion.

Interview ID: OH 1550

His experiences as an air forward observer in the European Theater during World War II. His early education and coping with the Great Depression; his decision to join the Oklahoma National Guard at age fifteen in 1938; Louisiana Maneuvers of 1940; mobilization of the 45th Division, Oklahoma National Guard, September 15, 1940; Louisiana Maneuvers of 1941; Officer Candidate School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1942; his volunteering for training as a forward liaison pilot; training at Hartlee Field, Denton, Texas, 1943; flying the L-4 Piper Cub; meeting his future wife, Beth Taylor, in Denton, 1943; thirty-day advanced training course at Fort Sill, 1943; assignment to the 102nd Infantry Division and additional training at Camp Maxey, Paris, Texas; Louisiana Maneuvers of 1943; his marriage to Beth Taylor, April 25, 1944; landing in France, September, 1944; comments about the French black market; assignment to Maastricht, Holland, November 1, 1944; relations with Dutch civilians; various missions as a forward liaison; being shot down by a German fighter, January 1, 1945; the death of his forward artillery observer; his recovery from a fractured skull and injuries from other shell fragments; his return to the States from England, March, 1945; his postwar education and career.
Date of Interview: 14/04/2004

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LADSHAW, Archie A. (b. 1926).

Ladshaw Explosives. Inc..

Interview ID: OHB 0049

Family background; employment with Brown Geophysical Company, Geophysical Associates, and Atlas Powder Company; development of Ladshaw Explosives in Hobbs, New Mexico, 1963; home office move to New Braunfels, 1964; operation of powder mixing plants in Hobbs and Hazard, Kentucky; processing methods and personnel employed in plants; sales of ammonium nitrate and slurry; safety factors in operation; line of products and market coverage; comments on personnel turnover and employment of salesmen; views on federal and Louisiana regulations of explosives business; plans for expansion; factors contributing to successful business; comments on Ladshaw-Miller Development Company, Inc. and Spoetzl Brewery; description of company retirement plan; importation of electric blasting caps from Scotland and bamboo poles from Taiwan; profit margins and sales volume.
Date of Interview: 20/10/1980

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LAGOW, Charles M. (b. 1909).

352nd Engineer Battalion. Persian Gulf Command; 1346th Engineer Battalion. 10th Army. Army veteran. 352nd Engineer Battalion. Persian Gulf Command; 1346th Engineer Battalion. 10th Army.

Interview ID: OH 1387

His experiences in the Persian Gulf Command and the Pacific Theater during World War II. Early family history; education at Texas A&M College, 1928-32; various civil engineering positions; service in the CCC, 1934-35; prewar Reserve training; induction into the Regular Army at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, 1940-43; combat engineer training at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, 1943; assignment to the Persian Gulf command with the 352nd Engineer Battalion, 1943; building of roads for the shipment of U.S. military aid to the Soviet Union; Kurdish rebels; his relations with African-American combat engineer troops; desert living and working conditions; his return to the States and assignment to the 1346th Engineer Battalion at Camp McCain, Mississippi, 1944; his transfer to Okinawa with the 10th Army, 1945; construction of bomb dispersal sites; personal encounter with General Joseph Stilwell; digging of temporary burial sites for American dead; training for the invasion of the Japanese home islands; his personal attitudes toward the Japanese military and civilians; postwar career in the Army Reserve.
Date of Interview:
20/10/2000 to 21/10/2000

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LAMAR, Hal (b. 1911).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1059

His experiences while serving as flag lieutenant and aide to Admiral Chester A. Nimitz during World War II. Nimitz’s personal and professional routines; comments about Admirals William (“Bull”) Halsey and Raymond Spruance; Roosevelt-Nimitz-Macarthur conference at Pearl Harbor, July-August, 1944; transfer of CINCPAC from Pearl Harbor to Guam.
Date of Interview: 09/10/1994

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LAND, Melvin (b. 1918).

Interview ID: OH 0914

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview:
27/02/1993 to 16/03/1993

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LAND, Werner (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0914

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 18/05/1974

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LANG, Marguerite (b. ca. 1900).

Interview ID: OH 0044

Observations on land speculation, settlement, and development around Portland, Texas, 1890-1914; agrarian life.
Date of Interview: 28/05/1969

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LANKFORD, Mary D. (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 0879

Her experiences as a student in the Library School at North Texas State College and her career as a public school librarian. Comments about teachers and courses at North Texas; employment at Clinton P. Russell Elementary School, Dallas, 1952; multi-school librarian, Dover, Delaware, 1959; school librarian, Roswell, New Mexico; school librarian, Brandenburg Elementary School, Irving, Texas; development of library at Brandenburg Elementary; introduction of audio-visual materials; attitudes toward technological innovations and their use in libraries; career as an author; activities with professional organizations.
Date of Interview: 07/06/1992

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LATTNER, W. Travis, Jr. (b. 1921).

Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1421

His experiences as a PBJ (B-25) pilot in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. North Texas State Teachers College, 1938-42; Civilian Pilot Training, Hartlee Field, Denton, Texas; enlistment in the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; primary flight training, Grand Prairie Naval Air Station, Grand Prairie, Texas, 1942; basic and advanced flight training, Corpus Christi Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1942-43; his decision to select twin-engine aircraft training; initial twin-engine training in the PBY; his transfer to the Marine Corps, 1943; training in the DC-3, Meacham Field, Fort Worth, Texas, with American Airlines, 1943; OTS-8, Cherry Point Marine Air Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina, 1943; bomber transition training in the PBJ; forming of VMB-433 at Cherry Point, 1943; crew training, El Centro, California, 1944; voyage across the Pacific to Espiritu Santo, 1944; stationing at Green Island, July, 1944; night-heckling missions to Rabaul, 1944; comment s about weather conditions and Japanese antiaircraft defenses; transfer to Emirau and daylight missions to Kavieng, 1944-45; low-level missions to Kavieng; his bout with vertigo on a night-heckling mission; living conditions on Green Island and Emirau; comments about airplane maintenance crews; rest leave in Australia, 1945; his return to the States, May, 1945; his postwar career in farming.
Date of Interview: 22/08/2001

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LAUGHLIN, Floyd H. (b. 1917).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0645

His experiences at Fort Kamehameha with the 97th Coast Artillery during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/05/1984

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LAW, Hugh E. (b. 1917).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0572

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with the finance department during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1982

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LAWLEY, George P. (b. 1922).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0164

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanburi, Thailand, 1944; hell ship to Japan, 1945; coal mining on Kyushu, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 03/11/1973

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LAWLIS, Frank (b. 1940).

Interview ID: OH 1276

His experiences developing the Behavioral Medicine Program at the University of North Texas.
Date of Interview: 05/08/1998

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LAWRENCE, Lloyd A. (b. 1916).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0763

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 25/03/1989

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LAWSON, Charles (b. 1918).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0267

His experiences while on maneuvers at Soldiers Beach near Schofield Barracks with the 34th combat Engineers during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 21/12/1974

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LAWSON, William J. (b. ca. 1900).

former Secretary of State for Texas, Former executive assistant to Governor W. Lee O’Daniel.

Interview ID: OH 0046

His associations with the administration of Governor W. Lee O’Daniel; appointment as executive assistant to O’Daniel, 1941; personal impressions of O’Daniel; transactions tax; relations between O’Daniel and the Legislature; O’Daniel and the Democratic State Executive Committee; O’Daniel and patronage; appointment as Secretary of State for Texas, 1941; O’Daniel senatorial campaign, 1941.
Date of Interview:
15/03/1968 to 19/04/1968

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LAWYER, Robert A (b. 1944).

Army veteran. anesthetist.

Interview ID: OH 1233

His experiences as an Army nurse in Vietnam, 1968-69. Nurses training at Bellevue Hospital, New York City; assignment to the 3rd Field Hospital, Saigon, South Vietnam; Tet Offensive, January-April, 1968; operating room experiences; battle casualties; triage; living accommodations; relations with Vietnamese civilians; treatment of enemy prisoners-of-war; entertainment and recreation; post-Vietnam adjustments.
Date of Interview: 31/08/1997

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LAY, Herman (b. ca. 1915).

Interview ID: OHB 0012

Family background, education, early work experience; cracker and snack food business; independent distributor; formation of H. W. Lay Distributing company; World War II; expansion, buying companies; merger with Frito; merger with Pepsi-Cola; international expansion; diversification; advertising, financing, management techniques; views on entrepreneurship.
Date of Interview:
31/12/1974 to 20/02/1975

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LAY, J. C. (b. 1926).

Troop A. 112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. Troop A. 112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1519

His experiences in the Philippines during World War II. Enlistment in the Army, August 29, 1944; assignment to the 112th Cavalry, Antipolo, Philippines, May, 1945; jungle patrols; Japanese night infiltration attacks; setting up ambushes; postwar occupation duty in Japan; demolition of Japanese armaments; relations with Japanese civilians.
Date of Interview: 27/08/2003

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LE FAN, Leslie (b. 1921).

Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 0317

His experiences while stationed at the Marine Barracks between Pearl Harbor and Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/05/1976

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LEACH, Carlos (b. 1922).

Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1466

His experiences as a PBJ (B-25) co-pilot in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. Civilian Pilot Training Program, 1941-42; enlistment in the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; pre-flight training, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 1942; primary flight training, Naval Air Station, Grand Prairie, Texas, 1942; basic flight training, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, 1942-43; advanced flight training, NAS Pensacola, 1943; transfer to the Marine Corps; bomber transition training and crew formation with VMB-433 at Peterfield Point, North Carolina, 1943; combat training, Marine Air Station, El Centro, California, 1944; assignment to Green Island, July, 1944; his first mission against Rabaul; transfer to Emirau, August, 1944; living conditions on Emirau; low-level strafing mission to Kavieng; rest and relaxation leave in Australia; mustering out of the military; his postwar career.
Date of Interview: 16/09/2002

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LEBER, John R. (b. 1920).

317th Troop Carrier Squadron. Army Air Forces veteran. 317th Troop Carrier Squadron.

Interview ID: OH 1274

His experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Stateside training in California, Nebraska, and Texas; description of trip in C-46 from Savannah to Labrador, to New Foundland, to Greenland, to Iceland, to Scotland, to southern France, to Egypt, to Saudi Arabia, to Karachi; descriptions of local culture as part of "The Great Adventure"; assignment to Ledo, Burma, and evacuation of troops and supplies after the war; his feelings about the dropping of the atomic bomb; contraction of dysentery and hospitalization in Kunming, China; flying "The Hump"; everyday camp life at Ledo; short assignment to Hsian, China, and Salua, India; sightseeing in Calcutta and observations of local culture and customs; the trip home to the U. S. by way of Manila and across the Pacific to San Francisco; postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 15/01/1999

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LEBER, Pauline Haugh (b. 1917).

Interview ID: OH 1266

Her experiences growing up in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania and employment at York Safe and Lock Company during World War II. Description of family farm on outskirts of Wrightsville; comments on dairy farming; attendance at Wrightsville High School; description of early work as a seamer at Standard Garment; employment at Hollis Manufacturing doing piecework; description of workday as a pieceworker; influence of rationing during World War II; employment at York Safe and Lock during the war; operating boring, milling, threading machines and lathes; comments concerning relationship between men and women on the job; absenteeism; influence of family members military service on quality of her work manufacturing antiaircraft guns; comments on her reaction to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s death; adjustment to working in a sewing factory after the war ended.
Date of Interview: 09/10/1998

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LEBKOWSKY, Charles W. (b. 1920

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0576

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Tucker during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1982

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LEE, Carl (b. 1923).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0240

His experiences while aboard the target battleship USS Utah during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 17/08/1974

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LEE, Hyei-ok “Hannah” (b. 1969).

Interview ID: OH 1728

Korean-born immigrant to Allen, Texas. Childhood in Seoul, South Korea; primary and secondary education in Korea; family life, including food, homebuilding, and traditional vs. modern marriage in Korea; Cheju (Jeju) Island; food and folkways; coming to Los Angeles, California and working in the United States; moving to Allen, Texas, and raising a family; learning English.
Date of Interview: 15/03/2011

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LEE, John W. (b. 1925).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1507

His experiences aboard the submarine USS Balao in the Pacific Theater during World War II. His youth in San Antonio, Texas; his decision to join the Navy, June, 1942; boot camp, San Diego, California, 1942; assignment to the submarine tender USS Sperry, 1942, and stationing at Brisbane, Australia; his volunteering for submarine duty and assignment to the Balao, September, 1943; general accounts of various war patrols; being depth-charged by Japanese destroyers; pilot rescue duty off Peleliu and Angaur; surface battle action against Japanese patrol boats off the coast of Japan, August 14, 1945; his postwar career in the U.S. Air Force.
Date of Interview: 05/04/2003

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LEEDOM, John (b. 1921).

member of the Texas Senate from Dallas. Republican.

Interview ID: OH 0845

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-eighth Legislature. Early involvement in politics; his political philosophy; election to Texas Senate, 1980; activities on Intergovernmental Relations Committee; his role in establishing the Fee Task Force; comments about Lieutenant Governor William Hobby; role of Republican minority in the Senate; issue of financial disclosure for legislators.
Date of Interview: 10/02/1984

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LELAND, Malcolm (b. 1922).

Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1449

His experiences as a PBJ (B-25) co-pilot in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His pre-war art career; enlistment in the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; pre-flight training, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1942; primary flight training, Grosse Isle, Michigan, 1942; basic and advanced flight training, Pensacola, Florida, 1943; training in multi-engine aircraft and his decision to transfer to the Marine Corps; navigation school, Hollywood, Florida, 1943; assignment to VMB-433 in Cherry Point, North Carolina, 1943; crew formation and PBJ training; advanced training, El Centro, California, 1943-44; stationing to Green Island, July, 1944; “night heckling” missions to Rabaul; his designing of the squadron’s insignia; base living conditions; assignment to Emirau, August, 1944; daylight medium-altitude bombing missions against Rabaul and Kavieng; low-level strafing tactics; Japanese resistance to air raids; his experiences on a PT boat mission; comments about the contributions of the ground crews; rest and relaxation in Australia; return to the States, July, 1945; his postwar art career.
Date of Interview: 28/05/2002

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LEMONS, John Ray (b. 1919).

702nd Bomb Squadron. 445th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 702nd Bomb Squadron. 445th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1404

His experiences as a crew member on a B-24 in the European Theater; and his experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans during World War II. Conscription into the Army, December, 1942; basic training, Camp Wolters, Mineral Wells, Texas; transfer to the Air Force, February, 1943, and further basic training, Miami Beach, Florida; aerial gunnery training, Fort Myers, Florida, 1943; aircraft mechanic training, Sheppard Field, Wichita Falls, Texas, 1943; crew assignment, Kerns, Utah, 1943-44; combat crew training, Peterson Field, Colorado Springs, Colorado, 1944; ocean voyage to England aboard the Queen Elizabeth, June, 1944; assignment to the 702nd Bomb Squadron at Tibenham; base living conditions; his description of the war damage in London; his first mission, August 6, 1944, to Hamburg; comments about flak; procedures on a typical mission from beginning to end; mission to Dessau, Germany, August 16, 1944; his plane being shot down on a mission to Kassel, Germany, September 27, 1944, and his subsequent capture; initial hostility of German civilians; Dulag Luft, Wetzlar, Germany, October, 1944, and interrogation; Stalag Luft IV, Gross Tychow, Germany, October 10, 1944-Feburary 1, 1945; comments about prison camp life; Red Cross parcels; evacuation of Stalag Luft IV and train trip to Stalag Luft XII-D, Nürnberg, Germany, February 1-7, 1945; evacuation of Stalag Luft XII-D and forced march to Stalag VII-A, Moosburg, Germany, April 4-16, 1945; liberation on April 29, 1945; Camp Lucky Strike, May 8-June 7, 1945; postwar adjustments and career.
Date of Interview: 30/01/2001

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LEONARD, Luciel (b. 1918).

Interview ID: OH 1114

Her experiences as an employee of the Nocona Boot Company, Nocona, Texas, 1939-83. Comments about Enid Justin; attempts to unionize during 1950s; changes in product line.
Date of Interview: 03/08/1995

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LEONARD, William “Bill” Agnew (b. 1921).

Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1465

His experiences as a PBJ (B-25) pilot in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. Prewar experience at Clemson University in ROTC at Citizen’s Military Training, Fort Bragg, North Carolina; Civilian Pilot Training Program, 1940-41; decision to enter the Navy V-5 Program, December, 1941; pre-flight training, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 1941-42; elementary flight training, Lambert Field, Saint Louis, Missouri, 1942; advanced flight training, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, 1942-43; decision to opt for multi-engine aircraft training and transfer to the Marine Corps, 1943; assignment to Cherry Point, North Carolina, and placement in Operational Training Squadron 8; training in the PBJ; assignment to VMB-433 and crew formation at Peterfield Point, North Carolina, 1943-44; his close friendship with co-pilot Dick Graves; combat training, El Centro, California, 1944; voyage to Espiritu Santo, May, 1944; assignment to Green Island, August, 1944; his first mission to Rabaul; thoughts about combat; “night-heckling” missions; his experiences on a PT boat mission; transfer to Emirau, August, 1944; mission to Paluwet in the Truk Group; rest and relaxation in Australia; his evacuation from Emirau in February, 1945, because of combat fatigue and psychological problems due to Graves’s death; his postwar career.
Date of Interview: 28/05/2002

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LESKO, William J. (b. 1924).

13th Squadron. 4th Combat Cargo Group. Army Air Forces veteran. 13th Squadron. 4th Combat Cargo Group.

Interview ID: OH 1377

His experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Training at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, as a radio operator/mechanic, 1943-44; radar fundamentals school at Chanute Field, Illinois, 1944; LORAN training at Boca Raton, Florida, 1944-45; assignment to the 13th Squadron at Chittagong, India, 1945; servicing radar and radio equipment for C-46 cargo planes flying “The Hump”; plane losses due to accidents and Japanese action; reassignment to Myitkyina, Burma, 1945; his postwar career in television.
Date of Interview: 17/02/1999

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LEVELS, Shirley (b. 1949).

Interview ID: OH 1591

Remembrances about childhood and early education in Fort Worth, Texas; decision to enroll at North Texas in 1967; difficulties adjusting to an integrated setting and life as a college student; life in Clark Dormitory; experiences as a founding member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority chapter; graduation in 1971 with major in Library Science; career with Fort Worth Public Library and Fort Worth ISD; perceptions of change at North Texas over time.
Date of Interview: 08/08/2006

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LEWIS, Charles D. (b. 1915).

Interview ID: OH 0968

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 08/10/1993

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LEWIS, Charles “Chuck” (b. 1937).

Interview ID: OH 1602

Childhood in Lawton, Oklahoma; education at Cameron Agricultural Junior College and New Mexico State University; decision to join NASA; duties in Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Apollo-Soyuz, Skylab, Space Shuttle, and International Space Station programs, including work at remote sites around the globe; difficulties with Skylab launch and problem-solving on mission; team-building among members of Skylab operations shifts; Skylab flight crews; importance of “science czar” position; Skylab’s contributions to space exploration and to science more generally.
Date of Interview: 22/09/2006

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LEWIS, David (b. *).

Interview ID: OH 1669

Childhood and education in San Angelo and Del Rio, Texas; enlistment in U.S. Navy; service on USS Enterprise during Vietnam era; return to San Angelo to attend Angelo State University; career in auto parts business; decision to move to Presidio, Tex.; career as a truck driver; career in law enforcement; career with state park service as ranger at Ft. Leaton historic site; local ghost stories; experiences with cross-border drug trade and immigration issues; changes in cross-border traffic and local economy since September 11 attacks; changes expected to result from planned La Entrada al Pacifico highway.
Date of Interview: 13/11/2006

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LEWIS, Everett (b. 1915).

Interview ID: OH 1219

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 26/02/1998

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LEWIS, Gibson (b. 1936).

Member of the Texas House of Representatives from Fort Worth. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0509

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-sixth Texas Legislature. Biographical information; personal political philosophy; comments about Speaker Bill Clayton; work as chairman of the Intergovernmental Affairs Committee; pari-mutuel betting; local bills; urban annexation; comments about Governors Preston Smith, Dolph Briscoe, and William Clements; interest rates; consumer legislation; tax relief; Peveto Bill.
Date of Interview: 29/08/1979

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Interview ID: OH 0554

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-seventh Legislature. Elections of 1980; his quest for the House speakership; initiative-referendum; interest rates; tax relief; state water plan; redistricting; law-and-order issues; property tax legislation.
Date of Interview: 12/02/1982

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LEWIS, Harold (b. 1917).

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0667

Education; employment with Standard Oil of California; early experiences in refinery construction; transfer to Caltex; assignment to Bahrain; refinery construction in Australia (Boral, Ampol); refinery construction in Japan; relations between Caltex and Nippon Oil; military fuel oil contracts; postwar refinery expansion; Caltex East; Caltex in Korea, Philippines; executive transfers; decision of Texaco and Socal to reenter European market, 1967; crude purchases; OPEC.
Date of Interview: 12/02/1982

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LILEKS, Vernon A. (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0402

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Pennsylvania during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/12/1977

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LINDBERG, Charles W. (b. 1920).

3rd Platoon. E Company. 2nd Battalion. 28th Marine Regiment. 5th Marine Division. Marine Corps veteran. 3rd Platoon. E Company. 2nd Battalion. 28th Marine Regiment. 5th Marine Division.

Interview ID: OH 1224

His experiences during the battle for Iwo Jima, February-March, 1945, in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Experiences with the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion at Guadalcanal, 1942-43, and Bougainville, 1943; integration into the newly formed 5th Marine Division, 1944; assignment as a flamethrower man; descriptions of and comments about individuals in Easy Company, 28th Marines; preparations for the Iwo Jima Campaign; the landing on Iwo Jima, February 19, 1945; combat from the beach to the base of Mount Suribachi; his destruction of a Japanese bunker and receiving the Silver Star; assault on the summit of Mount Suribachi by a forty-man column; his participation in the raising of the first U. S. flag on Mount Suribachi, February 23, 1945; combat inside the rim of Mount Suribachi; his wound on Hill 362-A and evacuation, March 1, 1945.
Date of Interview: 19/02/1998

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LINDQUIST, Theodore (b. 1923).

Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1473

His experiences as an aerial gunner in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His youth during the Great Depression; enlistment in the Marine Corps, September, 1942; boot camp, Parris Island, South Carolina, 1942; aviation mechanics school, Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, 1943; gunnery school, Hollywood, Florida, 1943; assignment to VMB-433, Cherry Point, North Carolina, 1943; training as a turret-gunner on the PBJ (B-25) medium bomber, Peterfield Point, North Carolina, 1943-44; combat training at Naval Air Station, El Centro, California, 1944; voyage across the Pacific to Espiritu Santo, 1944; assignment to Green Island, June, 1944; assignment to Emirau, August, 1944; living conditions on Emirau; “night-heckling” missions; low-level strafing missions; rest and relaxation leave in Australia; daylight high-altitude bombing missions to Rabaul and Kavieng; rotation back to the United States after completing twenty-five missions, 1945; his postwar career with Pratt & Whitney.
Date of Interview: 27/09/2002

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Interview ID: OH 1491

Copy of his flight log book listing activities as a PBJ (B-25) gunner in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. Gunnery training in the States, 1944; flight from the West Coast to Green Island; bombing missions to New Ireland, Kavieng, and New Britain; night missions, strafing missions, and air-sea rescue missions; comments about weather conditions; reports of damage to his plane.
Date of Interview: 01/01/1968

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LITTMAN, Walter (b. 1919)

veteran of the Afrika Korps.

Interview ID: OH 0847

His experiences as a German prisoner-of-war in the United States during World War II. Surrender of the Afrika Corps, 1943; internment at Mexia, Texas, 1943-44; Dermott, Arkansas, 1945; Idaho Falls, Idaho, 1945; repatriation.
Date of Interview: 12/05/1990

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LOCKWOOD, Randolph (b. 1913).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0250

His experiences at Kaneohe Naval Air Station during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1974

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LOGAN, Reginald (b. 1948).

Interview ID: OH 1642

Descendant of Quakertown homeowners. Experiences of his father, John Logan, and other family members who were forced to move from the all-black Quakertown neighborhood of Denton; experiences while attending segregated schools in Denton; career in U.S. Air Force and communications industry and as a clergyman; Quakertown in family’s historical memory.
Date of Interview: 28/11/2006

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LOGAN, W. L. (b. 1929).

Interview ID: OHB 0026

Family background; early work experiences; work as youth in shoe repair shops; thoughts about an African-American man in white business world; employment at North Texas State University library and Morrison Milling Company; going into business for himself; experiences with financial institutions in Denton; feelings about importance of his work, quality; work for Denton State School; real estate interests.
Date of Interview: 14/08/1978

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LONG, Clifton (b. 1919).

Tex Tan Western Leather Company. Yoakum. Texas.

Interview ID: OHB 0043

Family background; comments on Depression in Yoakum; experiences in Army and as prisoner-of-war of Germans during World War II; employment as assistant personnel manager and salesman for Tex Tan; product line; sale of business to Charles Tandy and company split; hiring sales personnel; description of sales territory; comments on Charles Tandy; views of Yoakum as “leather capital of Southwest”; description of changes in saddle product line; comments on competitors; training sales personnel; advertising products; civic activities.
Date of Interview: 13/05/1980

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LOVELADY, Choice B. (b. 1920).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0415

His experiences at the Marine Barracks between Pearl Harbor and Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 20/02/1978

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LOVELESS, Marvin (b. 1898).

Interview ID: OHB 0056

Family background; farming in West Texas; employment as secretary to president, Texas Woman’s University, 1922; experiences as secretary to Board of Regents and business manager, TWU; views on performance of TWU Presidents Hubbard and Guinn; plan for coordinating operations of TWU and University of North Texas; University dealings with Texas Legislature; establishment of photography business, 1953; wedding photography specialization and origin of TWU’s Little Chapel in the Woods; views on college and high school yearbook photography; photography studio personnel; business competition in Denton; qualities of a good photographer; sale of photography studio, 1978; development of mini warehouse business in Denton; civic activities; comments on shopping center development in Denton; comments on dismissal of Dr. Blayney as president of TWU; comments on presidents of University of North Texas; views on developing leadership.
Date of Interview:
30/04/1981 to 05/10/1981

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LOWE, John (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0436

His experiences while aboard the tanker USS Neosho during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/08/1978

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LOYD, Walter (b. 1924).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0265

His experiences while aboard the tanker USS Neosho during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 21/12/1974

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LU, Xinquian (b. *).

Interview ID: OH 1715

Chinese-born immigrant to Denton, Texas. Childhood and education in China; family life; parents’ role in decision-making; decision to enter U.S. to study accounting; practice of Christianity in China; immigration process; religious freedom in U.S. vs. China; struggles to acculturate.
Date of Interview: 23/10/2009

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LUCIANO, Frank (b. 1921).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0227

His experiences at Fort Kamehameha with the Coast Artillery during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/07/1974

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LUCKADOO, John H. (b. 1922).

350th and 351st Bomb Squadrons. 100th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces vetern. 350th and 351st Bomb Squadrons. 100th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1300

His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Primary, basic, and advanced training in the U.S., 1942-43; assignment to the B-17; stationing at Thorpe-Abbotts, England, 1943; his first combat mission; subsequent missions; German antiaircraft defenses and fighter tactics; raid to Bremen, October 8, 1943; defensive measures against German antiaircraft defenses; heavy bomber losses and effects on morale; training replacement crews; postwar effects of his experience.
Date of Interview: 18/06/1999

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LUCKENBACH, L. B. (b. 1912).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0458

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS California during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/12/1978

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LUSK, Billie Tatum (b. ca. 1946).

Interview ID: OH 1587

Remembrances about childhood and early education in South Dallas, Texas; decision to enroll at North Texas in 1964; off-campus life in “Shack Town” and support from black citizens of Denton; social life among African-American students and relations with white students and faculty; difficulty of making transition to life as a college student; decision to drop out in 1968; career with City of Dallas; experiences with “Trailblazers” organization.
Date of Interview: 28/04/2006

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LYNCH, Lyndle (b. 1924).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1034

His experiences while aboard the target battleship USS Utah during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 10/01/1995

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