Collections: Browse By Last Name. c

CABELL, Earle (b. 1906)

Interview ID: OH 0273

Early family history; rise of Cabell Brothers in the dairy business; Mayor of Dallas, 1961-65; Kennedy assassination; U.S. House of Representatives, 1965-73.
Date of Interview:
21/03/1974 to 03/04/1974
,
14/06/1974 to 02/10/1974
,
09/10/1974 to 16/10/1974

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CAHOON, Frank K. (b. 1934)

former member of the Texas House of Representatives from Midland. Republican.

Interview ID: OH 0012

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixtieth Texas Legislature. Business career; decision to enter politics; experiences as the lone Republican in the House; personal political philosophy; comments about the relationship among Governor John Connally, Lieutenant Governor Preston Smith, and Speaker of the House Ben Barnes; salaries for public schoolteachers; views on sales tax; liquor legislation; appropriations bills; revisions in criminal code; labor legislation; lobby influence; building the Republican party in Texas.
Date of Interview: 24/10/1967

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CALHOUN, Drue (b. 1910)

Interview ID: OHB 0027

Early work experiences in Gordon, Texas; employment with Self Motors in Denton, 1925; experiences as service station owner and operator during the Great Depression; Air Force career; problems of service station business; discovering, entering automatic nozzle business; methods of financing and selling; role of Mrs. Calhoun in the business; entry of Charles Kregel into the business; selling the business.
Date of Interview: 27/03/1979

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CALLAHAN, Eugene (b. 1914)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0343

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Worden during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/10/1976

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CALLAWAY, Jack (b. 1922)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1168

His experiences aboard the auxiliary supply vessel USS Argonne during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
Date of Interview: 28/03/1997

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CALVERT, Hugh W. (b. 1918)

112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1529

His experiences as an officer in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His youth during the Great Depression; ROTC at Texas A&M College and commissioning as a second lieutenant in the cavalry; ordered to active duty with the 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas, February, 1941; assignment to the 1st Reconnaissance Squadron; his transfer to Troop A, 112th Cavalry, Fort Clark, Brackettville, Texas; tank school at Fort Knox, Kentucky; transfer to Service Troop; assignment to New Caledonia; shift from being a horse cavalry unit to an infantry unit; assignment to Woodlark Island, 1943; operations on Arawe; Driniumor River Campaign; rotation back to the States.
Date of Interview: 10/09/2003

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CAMP, Eugene (b. 1920)

Retired Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0390

His experiences at Camp Malakole with Battery B, 251st Coast Artillery, during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/10/1977

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CAMPBELL, Barbara (b. 1932)

Interview ID: OH 0969

Her views concerning the impact of women on the development of the Republican Party in Texas, 1960-90. John Tower’s first senatorial campaign; activities of Northwood, Texas, Republican Women’s Club; Texas Federation of Republican Women; work for U.S. Congressman Jim Collins; personal political philosophy.
Date of Interview: 06/05/1993

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CAMPBELL, William M “Zeke” (b. 1914)

Interview ID: OH 1138

His experiences as a member of the “Light Crust Doughboys” western swing band, 1935-42. Early radio career in Tyler, Texas; comments about “Light Crust Doughboys” band members; appearances in Gene Autry movies (“Oh, Susanna” and “The Big Show”) for Republic Pictures; employment with Burrus Mill and Elevator Company promotional band; radio appearances; influence of jazz artists, particularly Django Reinhardt, on his style of guitar playing.
Date of Interview: 14/09/1996

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CANBY, Caleb H., III (b. 1922)

Scout-Bomber 243. 1st Marine Air Wing. Marine Corps veteran. Scout-Bomber 243. 1st Marine Air Wing.

Interview ID: OH 1184

His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Family background and education; decision to join the Marine Corps, 1942; boot camp at Parris Island, South Carolina; advanced training at Quantico, Virginia, 1943-44; assignment to Scout-Bomber Squadron 243 at Emirau, Solomon Islands, 1944-45; his work in the flight department processing pilots’ flight logs; transfer to Mangaldan, Luzon, 1945; assignment to Mindanao in March, 1945; contraction of hepatitis and return to the U. S.
Date of Interview: 05/08/1997

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CANBY, Louise Pearsall (b. 1920)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1163

Her experiences as a member of the WAVES during World War II. Youth and education in Elgin, Illinois; effects of Great Depression on Elgin and her family; community attitudes toward roles of women; high school education at Elgin Academy; brief college career at Bradley University and the University of Iowa; actuarial work in Chicago; bookkeeping work in Fresno, California, 1942; family debate concerning internationalism versus the America First Committee; shock of the Pearl Harbor attack; decision to join WAVES and process of enlisting, September, 1942; radio school at Madison, Wisconsin; assignment to Naval Intelligence, Washington, D.C., 1943; breaking German submarine codes; working with Enigma; dealing with permutations and mathematical equations; lodging and eating arrangements; social life; transfer to Dayton, Ohio, and security arrangements; German Bund; continuation of work with Enigma in Dayton at National Cash Register plant; construction of code-breaking computers; moving the computers from Dayton to Washington; using the new computers in breaking codes; Officers Candidate School, Northampton, Massachusetts, January, 1944; transfer back to Naval Intelligence in Washington, 1944; job-related stress; her sense of accomplishment and contributions to the war effort; adjustments to civilian life; lasting effects of her experience in the WAVES.
Date of Interview: 17/03/1997

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CANFIELD, Larry (b. 1941)

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0863

His experiences as an Army nurse in Vietnam. Assignment to the 93rd Evacuation Hospital, 935th Medical Detachment, Long Binh; living conditions; morale problems; recreation; medical treatment of enemy POWs; racial problems.
Date of Interview: 22/02/1992

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CANNON, Raymond S. (b. 1922)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0504

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Nevada during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/06/1980

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CANO, Isabel (b. 1956)

Interview ID: OH 1683

Argentina-born daughter of Spanish diplomats and immigrant to Denton. Family history; immigration narrative; first impressions of the U.S. and of Texas; struggles to learn English and acculturate; opinions about Denton.
Date of Interview: 10/10/2009

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CAPPS, Thurman (b. 1919)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1196

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; railroad maintenance in Burma, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1997

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CAPUTO, Joseph A. (b. 1914)

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0533

His experiences at Hickam Field with the 31st Bombardment Squadron during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1980

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CARL, Marion (b. 1917)

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0996

His experiences in the Battle of Midway and his role as a fighter pilot; Guadalcanal operations, August-November, 1942; shot down over water, November, 1942; assignment to Vella Lavella and fighter sweeps over Rabaul; postwar activities as a test pilot; photographic missions over the People’s Republic of China; air operations in Vietnam.
Date of Interview: 03/05/1993

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CARLTON, C. “Corky” (b. ca 1920).

Interview ID: OH 0979

His experiences as the public relations and advertising person for the Crater of Diamonds, Murfreesboro, Arkansas, 1958-65.
Date of Interview: 19/01/1994

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CARLTON, P.K. (b. 1921)

U.S. Army Air Forces. U.S. Air Force veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1565

His reminiscences about his association with General Curtis LeMay. Bomber operations against Japan, and Japanese occupied territory, 1944-45; LeMay’s role in formulating strategic bombing tactics in the Pacific Theater; his assignment with the Strategic Air Command Operations staff under LeMay; the role of SAC and the B-52 in relations with the Soviets; LeMay’s attitudes concerning the National War College; comments about the B-58 “Hustler;” LeMay’s influence on USAF equipment decisions; LeMay’s operational contributions and his emphasis on readiness; LeMay’s role in creating a safety program for SAC; LeMay’s relationship with the press; LeMay’s efforts to establish survival schools; LeMay’s role in building SAC’s communications system; LeMay and the Cuban Missile Crisis; LeMay’s role in the development of radar formation flying; LeMay’s role in the development of Arctic bombing routes; LeMay’s role in the USAF’s acceptance of the B-52; LeMay’s views on the use of airpower in Vietnam.
Date of Interview: 30/06/2004

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CARRICO, William (b. 1937)

Interview ID: OH 0632

His experiences as a member of the football team during the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 19/03/1984

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CART, Lee E. (b. 1964)

Interview ID: OH 1858

For the American History: Voluntary Simplicity Oral History Project. Homesteader and simple life advocate. Childhood; discovering homesteading and self-sufficiency; decision to homestead in Maine.
Date of Interview: 17/07/2015

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CARTER, George (b. 1920)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0344

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Mugford during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/11/1976

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CARTER, Uell (b. 1922) and KILLIAN, George (b. 1921)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veterans. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0056

Their experiences as prisoners-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Surabaja, 1942; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 19/09/1970

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CARTWRIGHT, Grace W. (b. 1908)

Interview ID: OH 0789

Early life in rural Texas; student days at North Texas State Teachers College, 1925-29; position with Parker county Extension Service, 1929-31; marriage to Bickham Cartwright, 1931; development of farm and ranch properties during Great Depression; thoughts and philosophy on land conservation; development of Tin Top, 1949; thoughts on erasing the “littleness of the rural spirit”; awards from Ford and Rockefeller Foundations; appointment to Texas Tourist Board by Governor John Connally; activities concerning Texas roads beautification; appointment to Board of Regents, North Texas State College, 1949, by Governor Beauford Jester; her work as chair of board’s grounds committee; comments about members of the Board of Regents and Presidents W. J. Mcconnell and J. C. Matthews; desegregation of the college; her role in the interior decoration of the president’s house; appointment by president Harry S. Truman as delegate to White House Conference on Youth and Children, 1950; her role in formation of Brazos valley Association, 1957; appointment by Governor Price Daniel to Texas Water Quality Board; Sears Foundation award for Environmental Improvement, 1973; her role in the creation of a parks system for Weatherford, Texas, 1970s; election as vice-president of beautify Texas Council, 1978; Lady Bird Johnson Award, 1984, for conservation work; her management of farm-ranch properties after her husband’s incapacitating illness, 1953; establishment of student scholarships at the University of North Texas.
Date of Interview: 15/11/1989

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CASE, Johnny (b. 1947)

Interview ID: OH 1496

His comments about the evolution of jazz in Fort Worth, Texas, 1960-2003. The influence of his parents on his musical career; his family’s acquaintance with Ernest Tubb; the influence of local radio stations in Paris, Texas; the influence of Elvis Presley on his early career; his early interest in rhythm and blues; learning to play the piano and his interest in jazz; early gigs in Oklahoma and northeast Texas; his family’s move from Paris to Dallas and his playing gigs at several clubs there; moving to Fort Worth, 1965; collaboration with Tom Morrell in producing the How the West Was Swung albums; comments about the demise of western swing; gigs and clubs in Fort Worth; his transition from playing western swing to jazz; comments about various jazz artists; playing for African-American audiences; comments about avant-garde jazz and its promoters; difficulties in making a full-time living as a jazz artist in Fort Worth; his employment at Sardine’s Italian Restaurant in Fort Worth, 1983-2003; the Caravan of Dreams and the resurgence of jazz in Fort Worth, 1983; his relationship with the local musicians union; comments about Texas jazz.
Date of Interview: 05/03/2003

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CASON, Otis (b. 1897)

Interview ID: OH 1443

His experiences and observations concerning rural life in Denton County, Texas, 1900-1987. Breaking mules; rural school; sheep and goat raising; hog killing; charcoal making.
Date of Interview: 22/08/1987

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CASSEL, Robert (b. 1923)

Interview ID: OH 1548

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 17/03/2004

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CASTERLINE, L. E. (b. 1919)

Interview ID: OH 0103

Observations on the development of the seafood industry in the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1925-71. Fishing trawlers; hurricanes; shrimping; labor relations; seafood processing and marketing; conservation; Intracoastal Canal.
Date of Interview: 01/10/1971

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CATES, Charles A. (b. 1908)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0185

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Bangkok, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 14/03/1974

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CAUDEL, James (b. 1915)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0238

His experiences while stationed at Ford Island with the Overhaul and Repair Department during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 17/08/1974

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CERNY, Ralph L. (b. 1921)

I Company. 3rd Battalion. 132nd Infantry Regiment. Americal Division. Army veteran. I Company. 3rd Battalion. 132nd Infantry Regiment. Americal Division.

Interview ID: OH 1384

His experiences as a combat infantryman in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. Joining the Illinois National Guard, 1938; federalization of the Illinois National Guard, March, 1941; training at Camp Forrest, Tennessee, 1941-42; shipment to Camp Darwin, Australia, 1942; formation of the Americal Division and landings at New Caledonia, March, 1942; transfer of the division to Guadalcanal, December, 1942; combat around Mount Austen on Guadalcanal; fate of Japanese prisoners-of-war; evacuation to the Fiji Islands, March, 1943, for rest and recuperation; landings on Bougainville, 1943; patrol and reconnaissance activities on Bougainville; rotation back to the States, May, 1944; stateside duty as a drill instructor at Fort McClellan, Alabama, 1944-45; postwar career.
Date of Interview: 18/09/2000

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CHAIN, John T. (b. 1934)

Air Force Veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1552

His perspectives as commander of the Strategic Air Command; comments about leadership; his personal relationships with General Curtis LeMay.
Date of Interview: 10/05/2004

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CHAMBERS, Martin (b. 1920)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0575

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Bangkok, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 08/04/1982

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CHAMPION, Elmo (b. 1917)

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0571

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with the 9th Field Artillery during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1982

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CHANDLER, Hubert (b. 1917)

Interview ID: OH 1484

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 02/03/2003

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CHANDRASEKAR, Kirthica (b. 1973)

Interview ID: OH 1693

India-born immigrant to suburban Carrollton, Texas. Childhood and education in Bangalore, Madurai, and other locations throughout India; 1994 arranged marriage to a family friend living in New Jersey; first impressions of the U.S.; enrollment in Rutgers University M.A. program in statistics; work in insurance industry; immigration bureaucracy; struggle to keep close ties with family in India; 2005 relocation to Dallas suburb; comparison and contrast of life in India, New Jersey, and Texas.
Date of Interview: 17/11/2009

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CHAPMAN, Bob L. (b. 1936)

Bank of Mason. Mason Auto Supply. Mason. Texas.

Interview ID: OHB 0093

Family background; early employment at Humble State Bank and as state bank examiner; comments on defalcations; employment as bank manager in Nixon, Texas; history of commercial Bank of Mason; manager and president of Commercial Bank, 1967; comments on bank loans in Mason area; discussion of computerization of bank; views on small town banking operation versus city banking operation; discussion of banking competitors in Mason; personnel practices; comments on advertising; views on government regulations; description of a typical bank work day; membership in trade associations; civic activities; comments on Mason’s Auto Supply; advice for business majors interested in banking profession.
Date of Interview: 13/07/1984

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CHARLAND, George E. (b. 1924)

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1291

His experiences with the 3rd Marine Defense Battalion during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; his experiences with the 2nd Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, at Guadalcanal, 1942; his experiences with E Company, 2nd Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, at Tarawa, 1943; his experiences with the 4th Marine Division at Saipan and Tinian, 1944, and Iwo Jima, 1945. Childhood on the Ottawa-Ojibwa Nation Reservation in northern Minnesota; life on the road as a teenage hobo; decision to join the Marine Corps, 1940; activities during and in the aftermath of the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor; combat at Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal; battle wound at Tarawa and evacuation to Hawaii; banzai attacks and civilian suicides on Saipan; battle wound at Iwo Jima and evacuation to U.S.; medical discharge in April, 1945.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1998

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CHARLES, Howard E. (b. 1919)

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1243

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of the Houston, 1942, capture and imprisonment in Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon, French Indo-China, 1944-45.
Date of Interview: 25/03/1998

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CHARPENTIER, Leonard A. (b. 1920)

86th Fighter Squadron. 79th Fighter Group. 12th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 86th Fighter Squadron. 79th Fighter Group. 12th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1323

A monologue of his experiences as a P-47 fighter pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Basic training, Maxwell Field, Montgomery, Alabama, 1942; primary flight training, Avon Park, Florida, 1942; basic flight training, Shaw Field, Sumter, South Carolina, 1942; advanced flight training, Craig Field, Selma, Alabama, 1943; fighter pilot training, Pinellas Field, Tampa, Florida, 1943; assignment to the 86th Fighter Squadron on Corsica, 1944; his description of the P-47 Thunderbolt; various missions; his being shot down on a mission over southern France on August 29, 1944, and capture; treatment of his wounds at a German field hospital; his postwar medical career.
Date of Interview: 18/06/1999

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CHASE, Harry E. (b. 1919)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1393

His experiences while aboard the destroyer tender USS Dobbin during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 29/01/2001

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CHASTAIN, Bobby J. (b. 1925)

Interview ID: OH 1056

His experiences as a survivor of the sinking of the destroyer USS Johnston during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, 1944; Marshall Islands invasion; Carolines invasion; Marianas invasion; Truk; Battle of Samar.
Date of Interview: 02/08/1994

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CHEEK, Pat (b. ca. 1937)

Interview ID: OH 0731

Her experiences concerning the activities of the Denton Christian Women’s Inter-Racial Fellowship during the 1960s and 1970s. Early experiences with segregation; segregation in Denton; decision to join the Fellowship; group’s social activities; street paving in the African-American section of Denton; involvement of husbands in group’s activities; decision to disband; voter registration drives; lasting friendships.
Date of Interview: 12/04/1988

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CHENNAULT, James R. (b. 1915)

Interview ID: OH 0972

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 16/03/1994

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Interview ID: OH 1508

His experiences in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His youth in rural Mississippi; his move to Texas in 1939; his decision to join the 112th Cavalry, 1940; mobilization of the Texas National Guard, November, 1940; Louisiana Maneuvers as part of the 3rd Army, Summer, 1941; training at Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas, and Fort Clark, Brackettville, Texas, with Machine Gun Troop, 1941-42; assignment to New Caledonia, 1942; duty on Woodlark Island, 1943; combat around Arawe, New Britain, 1943-44; combat at Aitape, New Guinea, 1944; the Battle of Driniumor River, 1944; rotation to the States, 1945; assignment to a pack mule outfit, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1945; discharge from the Army, July 2, 1945; the daily routine of life in the horse cavalry.
Date of Interview: 06/08/2003

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CHILDRESS, Clyde C. (b. 1917)

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0106

His experiences as a guerrilla fighter on Mindanao, Philippine Islands, during World War II.
Date of Interview: 08/02/1972

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CHILDRESS, Elmer (b. 1918)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0378

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Reid during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 11/07/1977

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CHILES, Harrell E. (b. 1910)

Western Company.

Interview ID: OH 0526

Family background; experiences in merchant marine; roustabouting and roughnecking around Barbers Hill, Liberty, and Esperson Dome; education at University of Oklahoma; Depression experiences; employment with Reed Roller Bit Company; early contacts with Clint Murchison; formation of Western Company, Incorporated, 1939; development of acidizing process; oil business during World War II; West Texas oil boom, 1947-57; transition from entrepreneur to manager; association with Charles Simmons; Ship Subsidy Act of 1936 and semi-submersible drilling rigs; dealing with foreign governments; views on energy self-sufficiency and conservation; relocation to Fort Worth, 1959; decision to join Republican Party; political activities; comments about Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Connally, William Clements, Lyndon Johnson, and Jim Wright; views on free enterprise system; purchase of Texas Rangers baseball club.
Date of Interview:
25/01/1980 to 07/02/1980
,
01/07/1980 to 09/09/1980

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CHIPMAN, Thomas A. (b. 1921)

D Company. 320th Medical Battalion. 95th Infantry Division. Army veteran. D Company. 320th Medical Battalion. 95th Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1299

His experiences as a medic/driver in the European Theater during World War II. Induction into the Army, May, 1942; basic training and cadre duty at Fort Robinson, Arkansas; assignment to Pennsylvania Military College, Chester, Pennsylvania, for a degree in engineering; transfer to Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania, to the 320th Battalion, 95th Infantry Division; troop transport to England, August, 1944; move through France and assault on the Metz forts, November, 1944; evacuation and transport of the dead and wounded; winter weather conditions; attitudes toward battlefield carnage; rest and recuperation in Paris and black market activities; German prisoners-of-war and civilian refugees; Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January, 1945; German surrender and concern about being transferred to the Pacific Theater; return to the U.S.; postwar business career.
Date of Interview: 21/05/1999

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CHRISTENSEN, Charles C. (b. 1922)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0494

His experiences while aboard the auxiliary repair ship USS Argonne during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 01/10/1979

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CHRISTIAN, George (b. 1927)

Interview ID: OH 0111

His experiences and impressions during his tenure as presidential press secretary. Role of White House task forces in policy-making; presidential decision-making; importance of staff work; Executive-Legislative relationships; functions of the press secretary; communications and logistics; government secrecy; presidential news conferences; White House newspaper reporters; the problem of credibility; party discipline and loyalty; Johnson’s staff; comments about Lyndon Johnson, Joseph Califano, Walt Rostow, and George Ball.
Date of Interview: 08/08/1968

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CHRISTIAN, Myra L. (b. 1925)

Interview ID: OH 1033

Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton, Park, Texas, 1955-91. Parents; segregated education in Grand Prairie, Texas; employment as private housekeeper; housing in Dallas projects; African-American life in Hall-Thomas area of Dallas; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; home improvements; transportation problems; establishment of beauty shop in Hamilton Park Shopping Center; flooding problems; Hamiltonians and other social activities; Hamilton Park School; school desegregation and Pacesetter; property restrictions.
Date of Interview:
03/04/1991 to 10/04/1991

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CHUMLEY, Horace (b. 1916)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0199

His experiences while being held as a prisoner-of-war by the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 03/04/1974

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CIRULI, David (b. 1911) and Virginia (b. 1909)

Interview ID: OH 0696

Their recollections concerning the Italian immigrant experience and their life as second generation Italians around Pueblo, Colorado. Education; old world customs; nativism; development of the Ciruli Brothers produce business; farming and ranching activities.
Date of Interview: 18/04/1987

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CLARK, Alma (b. 1928)

Interview ID: OH 1636

First-generation descendant through marriage of Quakertown residents. Childhood and early education in Lampasas and Austin, Texas; 1958 marriage to Rev. “Willie” Clark, who had grown up in Quakertown; move to Denton; family’s experience in Denton; participation in Denton Christian Women’s Fellowship; husband’s feelings regarding Denton’s Civic Center Park, on the site of Quakertown.
Date of Interview: 29/09/2006

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CLARK, Arthur B. (b. 1922)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1371

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand
Date of Interview: 29/09/2000

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CLARK, Oliver (b. 1917)

Interview ID: OH 0806

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 26/09/1990

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CLARY, Alla (b. 1889)

Interview ID: OH 0048

Her personal recollections and experiences from her many years of service in the office of Congressman Rayburn in Washington, D. C.
Date of Interview: 12/08/1969

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CLAYTON, Bill (b. 1928)

Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives, 1975-82.

Interview ID: OH 0284

His personal views and experiences as speaker during the Sixty-fourth Legislature. Early political career; personal political philosophy; quest for the house speakership; personal observations of former Speakers Byron Tunnell, Ben Barnes, Gus Mutscher, Rayford Price, Price Daniel, Jr.; appointment of committee chairs; disposition of budget surplus; public school financing; public utilities regulation; constitutional revision.
Date of Interview: 16/07/1975

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Interview ID: OH 0387

His personal views and experiences as speaker during the Sixty-fifth Legislature. Budget surplus; appropriations; highway bill; public school financing; Peveto bill and property taxation; government reorganization; House-Senate relations; comments about Governor Dolph Briscoe.
Date of Interview: 29/06/1977

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Interview ID: OH 0477

His personal views and experiences during the Second Special Session of the Sixty-fifth Legislature. Treasury surplus; sentiment for tax relief; influence of Proposition 13 in California; gubernatorial politics; homestead exemptions; taxation on agricultural land; Peveto bill; “Filthy Fifty.”
Date of Interview: 16/11/1978

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Interview ID: OH 0485

His personal views and experiences as Speaker during the Sixty-sixth Legislature. Decision to seek third term as speaker; relationship with Governor William Clements; House organization; Budget Execution Act; reduction of state bureaucracy; zero-based budgeting; reduction of taxes; appropriations; school finance bill; personal and corporate income taxes; Peveto bill; interest rates; consumer protection legislation; comments about “Killer Bees”; initiative-referendum.
Date of Interview: 27/08/1979

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Interview ID: OH 0567

His personal views and experiences as speaker during the Sixty-seventh Legislature. Effects of elections of 1980; effects of Brilab; House rules; selection of committee chairs; initiative-referendum; interest rates; state water plan redistricting; law-and-order legislation; his political future.
Date of Interview: 02/04/1982

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CLAYTON, Margaret (b. 1917)

Anderson-Clayton Funeral Homes. Inc. and Anderson-Clayton Burial Association. Terrell. Texas.

Interview ID: OHB 0067

Family background; John Clayton’s involvement in Terrell funeral business, 1921; merger of Anderson Undertaking Company and Muckleroy-Clayton Company, 1926; officers of company; expansion into Mesquite, Texas, 1935; establishment of Anderson-Clayton mutual benefit Association, 1935; business experiences during World War II; description of ambulance service; expansion into Kemp, Kaufman, and Duncanville, Texas; experiences during Depression; comparison of 1930s funeral home practices with current practices; personnel employed at three companies; description of embalming process and legal requirements for burial; types of caskets; comments on criticisms of funeral businesses; financing of business; advantages of family business; advertising practices; comments on government regulations; views on components for a successful business; comments on trade associations; civic activities.
Date of Interview: 29/04/1982

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CLEERE, Duane (b. 1922)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1125

His experiences while aboard the submarine USS Hoe in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
Date of Interview: 04/04/1996

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CLEM, Onnie (b. 1919)

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0100

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Pre-war duty in north China; fall of Bataan and capture; Camp O’Donnell, 1942; Cabanatuan, 1942-43; Davao Penal Colony, 1943; escape from torpedoed hell ship and rescue by Filipino guerrillas; evacuation by American submarine.
Date of Interview: 11/01/1972

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CLEMENS, JOHN J. (b. 1921)

Interview ID: OH 1572

Childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas; education at Rice Institute. World War II-era service in U.S. Navy aboard the USS Turner; convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean; January 4, 1944, sinking of the Turner while moored in New York Harbor and court of inquiry regarding the sinking; service aboard USS Wren in Pacific Theater, including actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare; piloting ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender; account of effects Allied bombing campaign had on Tokyo.
Date of Interview: 13/05/2003

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CLEMENT, Aubrey L (b. 1920)

Interview ID: OH 1236

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 15/04/1998

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CLEMENT, Raymond (b. 1938)

Interview ID: OH 0602

His experiences as a member of the football team during the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 06/07/1983

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CLEVELAND, Anne Lieberman (b. 1886)

Interview ID: OH 1008

Her recollections concerning women’s clubs in Texarkana, Texas. Current Topic Club; Sue Sanderson Garden Club; church activities; entertainment; women’s household chores; Civic Music Club.
Date of Interview: 18/03/1994

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CLOUD, John L. (b. 1920)

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0423

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with quartermaster personnel during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 27/06/1978

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CLOWER, Ron (b. 1940)

member of the Texas Senate from Garland. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0306

His role in the passage of public utilities legislation during the Sixty-fourth Legislature.
Date of Interview: 29/07/1975

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Interview ID: OH 0481

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Second Special Session of the Sixty-fifth Texas Legislature. Influence of Proposition 13 in California; opposition to Special Session; repeal of sales tax on utility bills; modification of inheritance tax exemptions; ad valorem tax; taxation on agricultural land; Peveto Bill.
Date of Interview: 06/11/1978

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Interview ID: OH 0516

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-sixth Texas Legislature. Anti-consumer legislation; lobby influence; comments about Governor William Clements; compensation for victims of crime; Regional Transportation Act; “Killer Bees.”
Date of Interview: 03/10/1979

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COCHRAN, Earnest (b. 1917)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0262

His experiences at Ford Island Naval Air Station with VP-2 during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 20/12/1974

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COFFEY, William (b. 1919)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1150

His experiences while aboard the submarines USS S-42 and USS Sterlet in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Pre-war duty aboard the battleship USS Oklahoma, 1937-41; Japanese air raid at Cavite Naval Base, Philippines, 1941; his responsibilities as a cook; assignment to the S-41, 1942; various patrols off the Aleutian Islands, 1943; transfer to the Sterlet, 1943; a patrol to the Inland Sea of Japan.
Date of Interview: 20/05/1996

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COFFEY, William W. (b. 1918)

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0583

His experiences at Hickam Field with the Finance Detachment during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 23/10/1982

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COLE, Charlie (b. 1931)

Interview ID: OH 0653

His experiences as a member of the football team during the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 05/03/1985

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COLE, Joe (b. 1946)

Interview ID: OH 1530

His experiences while attending the Texas International Pop Festival, Lewisville, Texas, August 30-September 1, 1969. His parents’ reaction to changes in the Sixties; his introduction to marijuana, 1967; his attraction to the music of the Beatles; his initial introduction to the Fort Worth hippie culture; his views toward the Vietnam War; obtaining an agricultural exemption from his local draft board, 1965; comments about Sixties music and its message; his decision to attend the Texas International Pop Festival; comments about Chicago Transit Authority, Canned Heat, and Led Zeppelin; activities of the Hog Farm; drug usage at the festival; comments about the friendly mood of the crowd; festival security personnel; “bad trip” tents; skinny-dipping in Lake Dallas; lasting influence of the festival on his life.
Date of Interview: 20/01/2004

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COLE, Richard E. (b. 1915)

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1401

His experiences as Jimmie Doolittle’s co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid of April 18, 1942. Pre-war education and job experiences; enrollment in the Civilian Pilot Training Program, 1939; enlistment in the Aviation Cadets Program, 1940; brief descriptions of primary, basic, and advanced flight training, 1940-41; B-25 bomber transition training with the 17th Bomb Group, Pendleton, Oregon, 1941; transfer to Columbia, South Carolina, February 14, 1942; his decision to volunteer for a secret mission, March 1, 1942; his initial meeting with Colonel Doolittle; his assignment as Doolittle’s co-pilot; mission training at Eglin Field, Florida; training in short field takeoffs of 450 feet; flight from Eglin to Alameda, California, and transfer of the sixteen B-25s to the carrier USS Hornet; the sailing of Task Force 16 en route to Japanese territorial waters; the takeoff at 0820 hours on April 18, 1942; the flight to Tokyo and the bombing; the flight from Tokyo to the Chinese coast; bailing out at 9,000 feet due to the plane running out of fuel at 2020 hours; his contact with Chinese Nationalist troops and being reunited with the rest of his crew, April 19; their subsequent meeting with Lieutenant John Birch and the trek to Chungking; transfer to Kunming and assignment to the 11th Bomb Squadron; various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, 1942; flying supplies over “The Hump,” July, 1942-June, 1943; transfer to the States, June, 1943; his volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate’s Chindits and Merrill’s Marauders, October, 1943-July, 1944; reassignment to Tulsa, Oklahoma, as an acceptance test pilot for Douglas Aircraft until 1945; reunions of Doolittle’s Raiders following the war.
Date of Interview: 08/08/2000

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COLE, Ruby (b. 1933)

Interview ID: OH 1643

Resident of southeast Denton. Experiences while attending segregated schools in Denton, including memories of educator Fred Moore; folklore of Quakertown neighborhood and reasons for its disintegration; experience living in a house moved from Quakertown; efforts to create an African American museum in Denton; Quakertown in community’s historical memory.
Date of Interview: 29/11/2006

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COLEMAN, Eliot (b. 1938)

Interview ID: OH 1791

For the American History: Voluntary Simplicity Oral History Project. Educator, homesteader, and simple life advocate. Childhood in New Jersey; discovery of the Nearings and the Simple Life; transition to homesteading; memories of Scott and Helen Nearing.
Date of Interview: 10/10/2013

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COLLIER, La Petta (b. ca. 1920)

Interview ID: OH 1036

Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1957-91. Segregated rural education in south Texas; housing for African-Americans in Dallas, 1950s; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; home improvements; Civic League; Hamilton Park School; desegregation; zoning problems; church activities; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview:
25/01/1991 to 01/02/1991

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COLLINS, Eiland (b. 1927)

Interview ID: OH 0970

His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1962-91. Childhood in East Texas; segregated education; Civic League and its activities; property violations; home improvements; his presidency of the Civic League; zoning problems; the “Buy Out”; current neighborhood problems.
Date of Interview:
18/01/1991 to 12/03/1991

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COLLINS, Elijah, Jr. (b. 1923)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1427

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Blue during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Also comments about the Battle of Savo Island, August 9, 1942, and the sinking of the Blue, August 22, 1942.
Date of Interview: 06/12/2001

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COLLINS, Harriett Shelton (b. 1940)

Interview ID: OH 1596

Longtime resident of Cisco, Texas. Memories of education in Cisco’s all-black, one-room Smithville Elementary School that included grades 1-6; bussing to town of Eastland for education through eighth grade; pregnancy and marriage to Bill Collins; decision to move to Arizona, then back to Cisco; work at Boss Glove Factory; earning of GED; decision to enter beauty school, then Cisco Junior College to earn degree as Licensed Vocational Nurse; social life among blacks in Cisco, especially church activities; experiences with racial discrimination; phenomenon of “passing” among blacks in Cisco and elsewhere; experiences at “Negro Achievement Day” at the Texas State Fair in Dallas; children’s experiences in public schools during desegregation.
Date of Interview: 16/09/2006

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COMPERE, Dr. Dolphus E. III (b. 1916).

Interview ID: OH 1716

World War II veteran. Childhood in Dallas, Texas, medical school at Baylor College of Medicine in Dallas, and internship at the University of Michigan prior to enlistment in the Army Air Corp as a surgeon with the Third Air Commando Group. Experiences in the Philippines providing medicinal care to military personnel and local civilians, and reunion with a medical school classmate who was interred as a POW at Cabanatuan. Post-war medical career in Fort Worth, Texas, and experience returning a war souvenir, a Japanese ceremonial sword, to its ancestral family.
Date of Interview: 09/06/2009

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CONNALLY, Jack (b. 1924)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0271

His experiences while aboard the seaplane tender-destroyer USS Thornton during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 22/12/1974

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CONNOLLY, John (b. 1918)

Interview ID: OH 1713

Veteran of the Civilian Conservation Corps. Childhood in Whitney and Amarillo, Texas; family’s difficulties in Great Depression; decision to enroll in the CCC; experiences at CCC camps in Cleburne and Hillsboro, Texas, and Grand Junction, Colorado; baseball teams; lessons learned in the CCC; World War II-era experience in the U.S. Army Air Corps; work as tool and dye manufacturer; Republican Party politics in Dallas County.
Date of Interview: 22/06/2010

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COOK, James (b. 1923)

Interview ID: OH 0734

His experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Rigel during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/11/1987

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COOK, Robert (b. 1934)

Interview ID: OH 0695

His recollections and activities concerning the desegregation of Hamilton Park school during the 1970s.
Date of Interview: 02/05/1987

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COOLEY, Dorothy (b. 1922)

Interview ID: OH 1019

Her recollections while employed by the Red River Army Depot, Texarkana, Arkansas during World War II and the postwar years. Employment procedures; job assignments; swing shift; wartime rationing; safety procedures; housing; social activities; race relations; relationships among male and female employees; economic effects on Texarkana.
Date of Interview: 21/02/1994

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COOPER, Abe C. (b. 1939).

Interview ID: OH 1576

African-American alumnus of North Texas State University. Memories of childhood and early adulthood in Dallas, Texas; experience of attending all-black schools, including James Madison High School; decision to enroll at North Texas State College in 1958; adjustments required for attending school in integrated setting; experience of boarding with African-American families in the “Shack Town” neighborhood of Denton; comparative experiences with students and faculty in the Schools of Engineering and Education.
Date of Interview: 03/04/2006

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COOPER, William E. (b. 1921)

41st Bomb Squadron. 315th Bomb Wing. 501st Bomb Group. 20th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 41st Bomb Squadron. 315th Bomb Wing. 501st Bomb Group. 20th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1311

His experiences as a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Army Air Forces, December, 1942; pre-flight training, Lancaster, California; primary flight training, Hemet, California; advanced flight training, Pecos, Texas; assignment to B-29s, January, 1945; mechanical weaknesses of the B-29; assignment to the 315th Bomb Wing at Guam, 1945; living conditions on Guam; dropping supplies by parachute to prisoners-of-war, 1945; his descriptions of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, from the air after the dropping of the atomic bombs; his disappointment with not being able to fly combat missions; postwar duty as a test pilot on Guam; postwar civilian activities.
Date of Interview: 09/09/1999

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COPELAND, Kay C. (b. 1934)

Interview ID: OH 0974

Her views and experiences concerning the impact of women on the development of the Republican Party in Texas, 1960-93. Roots of her political conservatism; grassroots voluntarism; her role as precinct chair; Texas Federation of Republican Women; her pro-life stand; GOP and minorities; impact of Congressman Jim Collins in getting women involved in politics.
Date of Interview: 30/08/1993

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COREY, Harold (b. 1953)

Interview ID: OH 1527

His experiences while attending the Texas International Pop Festival, Lewisville, Texas, August 30-September 1, 1969. His parents’ reaction to the social, political, and cultural changes of the Sixties; his early interest in popular music; activities at Lee Park, Dallas, Texas, during the Sixties; protests against the Vietnam War; conflicts with the “redneck” culture; influence of the Beatles on the music of the Sixties; the influence of the “British Invasion”; his assessment of the Who; decision to attend the Texas International Pop Festival; meeting the Grand Funk Railroad at the festival; comments about “Wavy Gravy” and the Hog Farm; comments about Janis Joplin; comments about Led Zeppelin; sale and use of drugs; the trip tent; festival security; activities at the campgrounds; comments about Ten Years After; lasting effects of the festival on his life.
Date of Interview: 19/11/2003

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CORNEJO, Juan (b. 1930)

Crystal City. Texas. 1963-66.

Interview ID: OH 0052

His experiences and personal views of the municipal elections in Crystal City, Texas, 1963. Political Association of Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASO); discrimination; charges against Captain A. Y. Allee; his accomplishments as Mayor.
Date of Interview: 21/02/1969

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CORY, James (b. 1920)

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0358

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Arizona during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 21/12/1976

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COTTEN, James (b. 1920)

former state legislator. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0002

Personal experiences as a Texas legislator, 1954-62.
Date of Interview: 18/08/1964

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COTTER, M. J. (b. 1923)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0568

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1982

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