Collections: Browse By Last Name. w

WADSWORTH, Chip (b. 1949)

Interview ID: OH 1857

For the American History: Voluntary Simplicity Oral History Project. Homesteader and simple life advocate. Childhood; early experiences with the outdoors; discovering the Nearings and the Simple Life; decision to homestead in Maine; memories of the Nearings and the Good Life Center.
Date of Interview: 01/08/2015

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WALDRON, Russell (b. 1910).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0523

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 31st Bomb Squadron at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1980

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WALKER, Ike (b. 1905).

Bomber Bait Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0065

One of the founders of Bomber Bait Company, Gainesville, Texas. Family background; farming during Depression in Olton, Texas; employment as a gasoline retailer in Olton and tire repair operator in Gainesville; interest in designing fish baits; development of Bomber Bait Company with Clarence Turbeville; problems obtaining supplies at end of World War II; designing hard baits; expansion of market; sale of company; views on success of Bomber Bait and failures of other bait companies.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1981

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WALKER, Joel (b. 1908).

Interview ID: OH 0094

Banker. His experiences as an employee of the Dallas regional office of the Home Owners Loan Corporation during the New Deal. Mortgage buying; loan amortization; insurance; home improvements; accounting procedures; politics and patronage; taxes and appraising; foreclosures; loan servicing.
Date of Interview: 11/11/1971

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WALL, Willard (b. 1918).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0379

Army veteran. His experiences with the 1st Separate Chemical Battalion at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 11/07/1977

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WALLACE, Barton B., Jr. (b. 1925).

Quartermaster Corps Graves Registration Service-China Zone. Army veteran. Quartermaster Corps Graves Registration Service-China Zone.

Interview ID: OH 1513

Engineer, Army Veteran (Quartermaster Corps Graves Registration Service-China Zone).His experiences with Recovery Team No. 4 in the recovery of the remains of American military personnel in China, 1945-46. Texas A&M College, 1943-45; being drafted into the Army and basic training at Camp Wolters, Mineral Wells, Texas, 1945; Officer Candidate School, Fort Benning, Georgia, 1945; preparations for the invasion of Japan; reaction to the dropping of the atomic bombs; volunteering for overseas duty; assignment to Shanghai with the Graves Registration Service, January, 1946; activities as a search-and-recovery officer around Shanghai; duties and personnel of search-and-recovery teams; relationships with Chinese personnel and civilians; comments about the politics and economy of postwar China; reassignment to Graves Registration sub-headquarters as officer in charge of Team No. 4 in Kunming, July, 1946; the journey from Shanghai to Kunming; search-and-recovery activities around Kunming; his description of driving on the Burma Road; separation from the service, January, 1947.
Date of Interview: 19/09/2003

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WALLER, George E. (b. 1919).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0455

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/08/1978

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WANG, Chunxiao (b. 1968).

Interview ID: OH 1711

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Chinese-born immigrant to Denton, Texas. Childhood in Sichuan Province; family life; marriage; decision to give up high-powered, well-paying job to immigrate to U.S.; difficulties of immigration process; life in Champaign-Urbana, Illinois; relocation to Denton; perceptions of American culture; learning English; return to school to study accounting; family’s acculturation.
Date of Interview: 09/12/2009

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WARDEN, B. F., Jr. (b. 1895).

B. F. Warden Grocery Store.

Interview ID: OHB 0086

Owner and operator, B. F. Warden Grocery Store, Bertram, Texas. Family background; work on family farm in Bertram; educational experiences in Bertram schools; employment as a teller in A. B. McGill’s bank and D. C. Reed’s bank, Bertram;comments concerning D. C. Reed’s business activities; employment as cashier with Briggs State Bank, Burnet County; explanation of charging exchange on checks; entry into grocery business, Marble Falls, 1924; description of store inventory; move of business to Bertram, 1925; effects of addition of refrigeration, 1926; comments on construction of new store, 1935; effects of Depression in Bertram; prices of grocery items during World War II; comments on cash versus credit business; demise of grocery wholesalers in Austin; computerization of business, 1975; comments on business competitors; civic activities.
Date of Interview: 14/03/1984

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WARNER, Alton (b. 1918).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0614

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Worden during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 22/10/1983

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WARREN, Steve P. (b. 1921).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0573

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the converted yacht USS Elvida during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/05/1982

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WASHINGTON, Craig A. (b. 1941).

member of the Texas Legislature from Houston. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0294

Attorney, member of the Texas Legislature from Houston, Democrat. His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. Decision to enter politics; personal political philosophy; House speakership race; committee appointments; criminal Jurisprudence Committee; rape reform bill; personal legislation; public school financing; public utilities legislation; constitutional revision.
Date of Interview: 18/07/1975

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WATSON, Ruby (b. 1928) and Streetman (b. 1926).

Interview ID: OH 0825

Their experiences as residents of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-90. Early years in East Texas; African-American housing in Dallas; decision to buy a home in Hamilton Park; transportation problems; social life; school activities; Hamilton Park Civic League; church activities, desegregation of the Hamilton Park School; Christian Action Layman’s League; Pacesetter; zoning problems; flooding problems; crime; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 14/03/1990, 16/03/1990

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WAY, Bob (b. 1937).

Interview ID: OH 0654

College instructor. His experiences as a member of the football team during the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 13/12/1984

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WEBB, David A. (b. 1917).

North Texas State University.

Interview ID: OH 0850

Librarian, former director of libraries at North Texas State University. His experiences concerning the development of the libraries and the Department of Library Services at North Texas State University, 1953-78.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1991

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Interview ID: OH 1044

Librarian. His experiences as Director of Libraries, Director of Library Service, and Professor of Library Service at North Texas State College and North Texas State University, 1953-82.
Date of Interview: 19/12/1991

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WEBB, Leonard (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0773

Navy veteran. His experiences at Staff Headquarters, 14th Naval District, Honolulu, Hawaii, during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1988

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WEBB, Wade (b. 1919).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1181

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of- war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 07/02/1997

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WEBER, Lee (b. 1919).

F Company. 2nd Battalion. 8th Marine Regiment. 2nd Marine Division. Marine Corps veteran. F Company. 2nd Battalion. 8th Marine Regiment. 2nd Marine Division.

Interview ID: OH 1315

Businessman, Marine Corps veteran (F Company, 2nd Battalion, 8thMarine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division). His experiences at Guadalcanal and Tarawa in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Prewar work experience with the United Fruit Company in Honduras; decision to join the Marine Corps Reserve, 1939, and assignment to a machine gun company in the 15th Battalion; call to active duty, October, 1940, and assignment to H Company at San Diego; his work as H Company armorer; posting to American Samoa, 1942; living conditions on Samoa; his promotion from the enlisted ranks to second lieutenant and assignment to E Company, 2nd Battalion, 8th Marines; Guadalcanal Campaign, 1942-43; living conditions on Guadalcanal; personal attitudes toward the Japanese; rest and recuperation in New Zealand; forming of the 2nd Marine Division in New Zealand, 1943; his transfer to F Company, 8th Marines; his comments about and personal relationship with then Major Henry P. ("Jim") Crowe, commander of the 2nd Battalion, 8th Marines; the Tarawa Campaign, 1943; the assault on Tarawa at "Red Beach 2"; his battle wound and evacuation.
Date of Interview: 23/09/1999

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WEDDINGTON, Sarah (b. 1945).

member of the Texas Legislature from Austin. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0303

Attorney, member of the Texas Legislature from Austin, Democrat. Her experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. Decision to enter politics; personal political philosophy; House speakership race; committee appointments; constitutional revision; Equal Rights Amendment; public school financing; public utilities legislation; personal legislation; comments about Governor Dolph Briscoe.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1973

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Interview ID: OH 0403

Attorney, member of the Texas Legislature from Austin, Democrat. Her experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fifth Legislature. Budget surplus; highway appropriations; public school financing; Peveto Bill and property taxation; personal legislation.
Date of Interview: 11/07/1977

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WEEKS, Betty Jo (b. 1934).

Interview ID: Oh 1595

For the Eastland County African American Women Oral History Project. Longtime resident of Cisco, Texas. Memories of childhood in the Humble Town community of Cisco; experience in all-black public schools; marriage to Robby Jones and decision to move to California and experiences there; decision to move back to Cisco following an earthquake; divorce from Jones and marriage to Oscar Weeks, owner of a popular barbecue restaurant; career as a factory worker, beautician, nurse’s aide, and physical therapist’s assistant; social life among blacks in Cisco; experiences with racial discrimination.
Date of Interview: 20/10/2006

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WEGER, Laura Nevada (b. 1979)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1763

For the Women Veterans Oral History Project. U.S. Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class, Cryptologic Technician, Technical, Operation Iraqi Freedom Veteran. Childhood moving around the United States; family history of military service; reasons for joining the Navy; reaction of family to enlistment; training as a cryptological technician; first duty station at Whidbey Island, Washington; lack of women in unit; rate of pregnancy among unit; sexual assault in the Navy; being a sexual assault victim advocate at SPAWAR, Chantilly, Virginia; deployments aboard the aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson; thoughts on integrated barracks; Shellback Ceremony and hazing; thoughts on women on submarine duty; thoughts on lifting of combat exclusion ban on women; separation from active duty; thoughts on Naval medical system; activity in veterans groups; civilian reaction to service; reflections on military service; second duty station at SPAWAR, Chantilly, Virginia; thoughts on working at a joint command; thoughts on grandmother’s service in the Women’s Army Corp during the Korean War; advice for future female service members.
Date of Interview: 31/03/2013

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WEHNER, Robert J. (b. 1941).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0940

Nurse, Army veteran. His experiences as an Army nurse in Vietnam, 1968-70. Assignment to 22nd Surgical Medical Battalion, Chu Lai; treatment of battle casualties and illnesses; camp life; treatment of civilian casualties and illnesses; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Date of Interview: 22/08/1992

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WEINBERG, Robert (b. 1922).

776th Bomb Squadron. 464th Bomb Group. 15th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 776th Bomb Squadron. 464th Bomb Group. 15th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1402

Army Air Forces veteran (776th Bomb Squadron, 464th Bomb Group, 15th Air Force). His experiences as a B-24 navigator; also his experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans in the European Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; Cadet Classification Center, San Antonio, Texas, 1943; basic training, Lackland Field, San Antonio, 1943; pre-flight training, Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, 1943; navigation school, Hondo Army Air Field, Hondo, Texas, 1943; crew assignment and bomber transition training, Pocatello, Idaho, 1943; assignment to the 464th Bomb Group at Gioia del Colle, Italy, 1944; transfer to Patanella, Italy, June 1, 1944; mission to Wiener Neustadt, Austria, May 10, 1944; comments about the Tuskegee Airmen (99th Fighter Squadron, 332nd Fighter Group); mission to the Pardubice, Czechoslovakia, synthetic oil facility and the downing of his plane, August 24, 1944; his capture by the Hitler Youth; initial incarceration in Czechoslovakia; harassment by German civilians; interrogations at Oberursel, Germany;Stalag Luft III, Labor Day, 1944; prison camp routine; forced march and train trip to Stalag Luft VII-A, Moosburg, Germany, January 27-February 12, 1945; living conditions at Stalag Luft VII-A; excerpts from his prison camp diary; liberation, April 25, 1945.
Date of Interview: 14/06/2000

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WELHAUSEN, Philip. (b. ca. 1900

Tex-Tan Western Leather Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0041

President, Tex-Tan Western Leather Company, Yoakum, Texas. Father’s development of leather tanning business in Yoakum; line of leather products; comments on effects of Depression and World War II on business; tanning processes; saddletree production; sale of business assets, 1956; merger with Tandy Corporation; saddle promotions; expansion into Canada and Mexico; experiences with labor unions in Yoakum; views on pay systems, motivation, and piece work; development of Western Sales stores; retirement.
Date of Interview: 14/05/1980

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WELLS, Thelma (b. 1941).

Interview ID: OH 0903

Schoolteacher, secretary. Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1963-79. Education; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; substitute teaching at Hamilton Park School; church activities; desegregation and closing of Hamilton Park High School; Pacesetter; Interorganizational Council; president of Civic League; traffic access problems; flooding problems; deed restrictions; zoning controversies; decision to move out of Hamilton Park.
Date of Interview: 19/10/1990, 27/12/1990

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WENDELL, Jan (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 101

Schoolteacher, homemaker. Her observations concerning the cultural development of Aransas County, Texas, 1967-71. Rockport Art Association; impact of art on Aransas County; prominent local artists; art buyers.
Date of Interview: 02/10/1971

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WENDELL, John D. (b. ca. 1925).

Interview ID: OH 0121

Attorney, county judge. His observations on the development of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1950-70. Operations of county government; the construction of a new courthouse for Aransas County; economy of Aransas County; boundary disputes between Aransas and Nueces Counties; Gulf Intracoastal Waterway; Aransas county Navigation District; controversy over school and county tax revaluation in the early 1950s; views on conservation; Conservation Reclamation District; private subdividing of property; Aransas County Airport.
Date of Interview: 01/10/1971

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WENRICH, Wesley (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 1271

Professor. His experiences at the University of North Texas while building a clinical psychology program. Recruitment by the University; development of the Behavioral Medicine Program; comments on the incorporation of behavioral medicine into clinical psychology; comments on the future of behavioral medicine.
Date of Interview: 28/07/1998

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WENTRCEK, Dan (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0353

Painter, Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Nevada during the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/12/1976

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WENTWORTH, Gerald E. (b. 1918).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0760

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Tennessee during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 12/02/1989

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WEST, David (b. 1950).

Interview ID: OH 1542

Businessman. His experiences while attending the Texas International Pop Festival, Lewisville, Texas, August 30-September 1, 1969. His parents’ reactions to the cultural changes of the Sixties; his opposition to the Vietnam War, 1968-69; his high school experiences in the mid-Sixties; influences of the Beatles on his musical tastes; his college experiences at Texas A & I university, Kingsville, Texas, 1968-1971; his decision to attend the Texas International Pop Festival; drug use at the festival; his experience with psilocybin at the festival; the activities of the Hog Farm at the festival; comments about the festival performances of the Grand Funk Railroad, Led Zeppelin, Chicago Transit Authority, Santana, Rotary Connection, and Sweetwater; dropping out of college and being drafted into the Army, October, 1971; service in Vietnam as a truck driver; his return to civilian life in 1973 and graduation from Texas A & I, 1977.
Date of Interview: 04/02/2004

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WEST, Rev. Carol (b. 1949).

Celebration Community Church in Fort Worth.

Interview ID: OH 1658

Pastor of Celebration Community Church in Fort Worth. Childhood in Greenville and Irving, Tex.; early years in a Unitarian Church congregation; education at NTSC and Texas Christian University; career as a public school English teacher; experience of “coming out” to self, friends, and family; experience as a member of MCC Fort Worth; decision to enter ministry; training in suicide prevention, trauma debriefing, and hostage negotiation; ordination at MCC Dallas; political activism during AIDS crisis, particularly at Parkland Hospital; work as associate pastor and AIDS chaplain at MCC Dallas; work with AIDS Outreach Center of Fort Worth and AIDS Interfaith Network of Dallas; receiving “call” to pastor Celebration Community Church; demographics of congregation.
Date of Interview: 29/05/2008

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WESTERN, Weldon (b. 1914).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Air Forces Veteran. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0692

Air Force and Army veteran. His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 18/02/1987

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Interview ID: OH 0693

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma- Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon, French Indo-China, 1944-45, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 16/02/1987

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WHEELER, Raymond (b. 1913).

McClurkan Properties. Industrial Credit Corporation.

Interview ID: OHB 0020

Manager, McClurkan Properties; manager, Industrial Credit Corporation; owner and operator of insurance company, Denton, Texas. Family background; education; credit manager for wholesale grocery; organizing personal (merchant endorsed) loan company, 1938, and its growth, problems, strengths; McClurkan Properties; views on local ownership vs. chain ownership; views concerning community growth; establishment and operation of insurance agency; sale of McClurkan Properties; sale of his own business; desegregation of Denton public schools during his presidency of school board; reasons for his business success.
Date of Interview: 01/06/1978

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WHITAKER, Dr. Leroy (b. 1929).

Interview ID: OH 1235

Attorney, chemist His experiences as an undergraduate and master's student in the Chemistry Department at North Texas State College, 1948-52 Influence of Professor Dewey Mark as his chemistry teacher at Paris (Texas) Junior College; influence of Professor Price Truitt of North Texas State College on his decision to pursue the PhD in organic chemistry at the University of Illinois; employment with the Shell Chemical Company and later with the Jefferson Chemical Company; decision to enter law school at the University of Houston; employment with Eli Lilly as a patent attorney, 1967-93; comments about various fellow students at North Texas who went on to successful careers in science.
Date of Interview: 14/04/1998

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WHITE, Andrew (b. 1944).

Interview ID: OH 0683

Business executive, president of the local chapter of the NAACP in Sherman, Texas. His comments concerning race relations and the development of African American businesses in Sherman, Texas, during the 1980s.
Date of Interview: 24/09/1986

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WHITE, Jack J. (b. 1921).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0301

University purchasing agent, Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS New Orleans during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 03/06/1976

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WHITE, James F. (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 0607

Theologian, environmentalist. His experiences as leader of the COST group, which opposed the building of the Trinity Barge Canal; general views on water use and planning.
Date of Interview: 10/11/1977

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WHITE, Roger (b. 1919).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1167

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; imprisonment in Surabaya, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1943; Nagasaki shipyards, 1943-45; Orio, Kyushu, 1945, and American air raids; liberation; description of damage at Nagasaki after the dropping of the atomic bomb.
Date of Interview: 07/01/1997, 08/01/1997

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WHITE, W. Erle (b. 1907).

White’s Auto Stores.

Interview ID: OHB 0023

Founder, White’s Auto Stores. Family background; early work experiences; education; work in auto supply stores, garages; starting own business in Clinton, Oklahoma, during Depression; location of home office in Wichita Falls; expansion and growth through franchising and company-owned stores; diversification of merchandise lines in auto stores; effects of growth on organizational structure; employee relations; views toward unions; selling out to Household Finance, 1969; comments about family-operated businesses; other business interests with Mercantile Credit Corporation, Beacon National Insurance Company, Eureka Life Insurance Company, White Fuel Corporation, ranching.
Date of Interview: 14/12/1978, 01/02/1979

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WHITE, Walter (b. 1906).

Interview ID: OH 0278

Retired federal labor mediator and conciliator. Experiences and reminiscences from his thirty-year career with the U.S. Conciliation Service and the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service; early boyhood; employment with the International Harvester Company; comments about the Depression and New Deal; Kansas employment Service; employment with U.S. Potash company and experiences with the Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers Union; employment with U.S. Conciliation Service, 1942; labor-management relations during World War II; personal experiences in the Omaha and Des Moines offices; Taft-Hartley Act and formation of Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service; post-World War II labor unrest; transfer to Texas; personal philosophy concerning labor-management relations; personal experiences with and comments about James Hoffa, Sid Richardson, John Connally, and Eugene Debs. Also as OHB 0005.
Date of Interview: 16/04/1975, 18/04/1975, 21/04/1975, 23/04/1975, 12/05/1975, 14/05/1975, 15/05/1975, 19/05/1975, 20/05/1975, 21/05/1975

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WHITEHEAD, Thomas A. (b. 1920).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0366

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), Air Force retiree, member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi and Tamarkan, Thailand, 1944; Non Pladuk, Thailand, 1944-45; Ubon, Thailand, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 02/02/1977

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WHITING, George W. B. (b. 1921).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1509

Navy veteran (USS Jamestown). His experiences aboard the motor torpedo boat tender USS Jamestown in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Navy, 1938; boot camp, Newport, Rhode Island, 1938; electrician’s school and assignment to the battleship USS Texas, 1939; transfer to the destroyer USS Simpson, 1940; assignment to the Ship Repair Unit, Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1940-41; transfer to the Jamestown, 1941; Motor Torpedo Boat Training Station, Melville, Rhode Island, 1942; assignment to the Solomon Islands, September, 1942; convoying supply ships to the 1st Marine Division on Guadalcanal, 1942-43; various vignettes about shipboard life in a war zone; return to the States for overhaul and repairs, February, 1944; return to the Southwest Pacific; reassignment to the States, 1945; mustering out of the service.
Date of Interview: 03/10/1996

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WHITSON, Warren, Jr. (b. 1918).

493rd Bomb Group. 860th Bomb Squadron. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 493rd Bomb Group. 860th Bomb Squadron. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1109

Businessman, Army Air Forces veteran (493rd Bomb Group, 860th Bomb Squadron, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Pre-flight and flight training, 1943; assignment to 493rd Bomb Group, 860th Bomb Squadron, at Stone, England; characteristics of the B-17G; first mission, Berlin; problems with flak; tactics to counter German radar; engine trouble and crash landing in eastern Germany; rescue by Soviet troops; trip by C-47 back to England via Poltava, Teheran, Cairo, Tripoli, Dijon; assignment to new crew; shot down by German fighter planes on seventeenth mission; brief experience as POW; liberation by British troops.
Date of Interview: 22/11/1995

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WHITSON, William D. (b. 1920).

442nd Bomb Squadron. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 442nd Bomb Squadron. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1107

Businessman, Army Air Forces veteran (442nd Bomb Squadron, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Flight training; flight from the U. S. to Grafton-Underwood, England; personal relationship with General Curtis LeMay; missions and German defenses; nineteenth mission and crash landing; twenty-fifth mission.
Date of Interview: 15/11/1995

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WHYTE, Edna Gardner (b. 1902).

Aero Valley Flying School.

Interview ID: OHB 0028

Aviatrix and owner, operator, and instructor of Aero Valley Flying School. Family background; Army, Navy, and civilian nursing careers; early flying, competition; comments about Amelia Earhart and other pioneers of aviation; early planes, equipment; early teaching experiences; views concerning women in aviation, other professions; attempts to become airlines pilot; selling for Channelchrome (aircraft engine parts); founding her own business; Aero Valley Flying School; financing methods; government regulations; competition with municipal airports.
Date of Interview: 08/02/1979

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WIDMER, Robert J., Sr. (b. 1921).

738th Squadron. 454th Bomb Group. 304th Bomb Wing. 15th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 738th Squadron. 454th Bomb Group. 304th Bomb Wing. 15th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1568

Army Air Forces veteran (738th Squadron, 454th Bomb Group, 304th Bomb Wing, 15th Air Force). His experiences as a B-24 pilot in the European theater during World War II; also his experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans. His youth during the Great Depression in Toledo, Ohio; college at the University of Toledo and Columbia University; his decision to enlist in the Aviation Cadets, December, 1941; basic training, Santa Ana, California, August, 1942; primary flight training, Oxnard, California, September, 1942; basic flight training, Taft, California, January, 1943; advanced flight training, Stockton, California, March, 1943; B-25 training, Mathers Field, Sacramento, California, June, 1943; B-17 training, Hobbs, New Mexico, July, 1943; B-24 training, Tucson, Arizona, August, 1943; B-24 crew training, McCook, Nebraska, fall, 1943; assignment to Italy, December, 1943; reminiscences about various missions; his bomber being shot down on a mission to Budapest, Hungary; Stalag Luft III, Sagan, Germany; evacuation and forced march to Moosburg, Germany; liberation by General George S. Patton’s troops.
Date of Interview: 11/06/2004

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WIESE, Francis (b. 1922).

World War II veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1586

World War II veteran and North Texas business owner. Remembrances about childhood in Lindsay, St. Joe, and Gainesville, Texas; being drafted into U.S. Air Force; training at various stateside bases and overseas service in China-Burma-India and Pacific theaters as top-gunner in a B-29 crew; decision to enter jewelry business and purchase Kinne’s Jewelers in Gainesville, Texas.
Date of Interview: 16/06/2006

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WILCOX, Norbert John (b. 1924).

Patrol Squadron VPB-44. Navy veteran. Patrol Squadron VPB-44.

Interview ID: OH 1279

Podiatrist, Navy veteran (Patrol Squadron VPB-44). His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Civilian Pilot Training, the University of Chicago, 1942; pre-flight training, University of Iowa, 1942-43; basic flight training, Livermore, California, 1943; advanced flight training, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1943; assignment to flying the PBY; navigation and bombardier training, Banana River Naval Air Station, Florida, 1943; assignment to VPB-44 on Green Island, Solomons, 1944-45; living conditions on Green Island; anti-submarine patrols; evolution of the "Black Cat" squadrons; night patrols in conjunction with PT boats; open-sea rescues and "Dumbo" missions; flying characteristics of the PBY; Leyte Gulf preparations, 1944; rotation back to the States, 1945; postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 15/02/1999

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WILDE, Earle (b. 1919).

612th/615th Bomb Squadrons. 401st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 612th/615th Bomb Squadrons. 401st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1419

Army Air Forces veteran (612th/615th Bomb Squadrons, 401st Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 bombardier in the European Theater during World War II. Service in the U.S. Navy, 1936-40; employment with the Cincinnati Police Department, 1940-42; enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, October 15, 1942; basic training, Fresno, California, 1943; College Training Detachment, University of Montana, 1943; pre-flight training, Santa Ana, California, 1943; his decision to volunteer for bombardier school, 1943; flexible gunnery training, Kingman, Arizona, 1943; bombardier school, Victorville, California, 1943; bomber transition training, Pyote, Texas, 1943-44; his assignment to the 401st Bomb Group, Deenethorpe, England, July, 1944; his first mission to Cologne; his descriptions of various missions; German flak; social life in England; meeting and courting his future wife; intricacies of bombing under combat conditions; his postwar career.
Date of Interview: 15/06/2001

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WILKERSON, Archie (b. 1924).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0368

Realtor, Navy veteran. His experiences with VP-23 at Ford Island Naval Air Station during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 28/01/1977

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WILKINSON, Claude (b. 1918).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0615

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the seaplane tender USS Tangier during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 22/10/1983

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WILLETT, Hollis J. (b. 1919).

Interview ID: OH 1001

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 18/10/1993

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WILLEY, Lloyd (b. 1914).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1295

Marine Corps veteran, survivor of the sinking of the USS Houston. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of the Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Tamarkan, Thailand, 1944; Nakhon Pathom and Phet Buri, Burma, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 03/03/1999

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WILLIAMS, Charles (b. 1955).

Interview ID: OH 1637

For the Quakertown Oral History Project. Son of residents of Denton’s historic all-black Quakertown neighborhood and long-time Denton resident. Early childhood and education in Denton, including experiences with racial segregation and experiences with integrating Denton public schools; interest in radical black politics; influence of uncle, Fred Hill; career in U.S. Navy; family’s historical memories of Quakertown.
Date of Interview: 23/10/2006

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WILLIAMS, Joseph R. (b. 1920).

Interview ID: OH 0871

Physician. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, in 1950s and 1960s. Childhood and education in Dallas; medical school at Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee, 1942-45; Army career; segregated housing in Dallas; discrimination against African-American physicians; dealing with the white power structure in Dallas; civil rights activities; decision to build home in Hamilton Park; Hamilton Park School and quality of education; comments about Karl Hoblitzelle; zoning problems; school desegregation; Pacesetter; decision to leave Hamilton Park.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1990, 30/08/1990

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WILLIAMS, Kenneth C (b. 1922).

Interview ID: OH 1143

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 27/09/1996

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WILLIAMS, Norman F. (b. 1916).

Interview ID: OH 0935

Geologist. His recollections concerning the Crater of Diamonds and diamond mining around Murfreesboro, Arkansas; activities of De Beers interests.
Date of Interview: 16/03/1993

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WILLIAMS, R. Murphy (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1452

Pastor, Navy veteran. His experiences as a Navy chaplain in the Pacific Theater during World War II. His early education; Davidson College, 1937-1941; Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia, 1941-44; his decision to enlist in the Navy, 1944; chaplaincy school, William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Virginia, 1944; assignment to Quonset Point, Rhode Island, and Naval Aviation Air Facility, Groton, Connecticut, 1944-45; condolence visits to families of deceased servicemen; assignment to Tinian, July, 1945; his observation of aviation activities on Tinian; the arrival of the Army Air Force’s 509th Composite Group; his thoughts concerning the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; postwar duty in the Southwest Pacific; his discharge and civilian pastoral career.
Date of Interview: 26/12/2001

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WILLIAMS, Wilton (b. *).

Interview ID: OH 1702

For the Tarrant County War Veterans Project. World War II veteran. Childhood and education in rural Bethlehem, Arkansas; farm life in the Great Depression; 1939 high school graduation; enrollment in Civilian Conservation Corps and work at camps in Utah; work as a truck driver for local lumber and oil companies; marriage to Dorothy Mae Thompson; enlistment in U.S. Army; basic training and advanced training as a mechanic; assignment to 536th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, attached to 7th Infantry Division; October 1944 landing in invasion of the Philippines; Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s landing; subsequent engagements in Philippines; Okinawa campaign; preparations for invasion of Japan; feelings toward Japanese; discharge; decision to settle in Fort Worth; purchase of home with GI Bill benefits; career with General Dynamics, as service station owner, and owner of repair shop.
Date of Interview: 15/01/2009

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WILLIAMSON, Monte (b. 1908).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0251

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences as a bombardier/navigator at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1974

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WILLIAMSON, Morris (b. 1918) and Mary (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0377

Navy veteran and his wife. Their experiences while at home in Honolulu and at the Pearl Harbor Submarine Base during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 25/04/1977

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WILLIS, Chester B. (b. 1918).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0779

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Nevada during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1988

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WILLIS, Phillip (b. 1918).

former Texas state legislator. Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0169

Realtor, former Texas state legislator, Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences as a pilot with the 86th Observation Squadron at Bellows Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; capture of a submariner on a Japanese midget submarine on December 8, 1941.
Date of Interview: 18/02/1974

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WILSON, Charles (b. 1933).

member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Lufkin. former member of the Texas Senate from Lufkin. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0216

Businessman, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, former member of the Texas Senate from Lufkin, Democrat. General views concerning problems in Texas state government. Personal legislation; utilities regulation; appointment of committee members; lobbies; campaign financial disclosure; election filing fees; committee structure; annual legislative sessions; taxation; legislative apportionment.
Date of Interview: 04/01/1972

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WILSON, Charles O. (b. 1918).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1227

Army veteran. His experiences with G Company, 27th Infantry Regiment, at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/03/1998

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WILSON, Robert Earl (b. 1917).

Interview ID: OH 1267

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 14/08/1998

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WILSON, Robert W. (b. 1923).

69th Bomb Squadron. 42nd Bomb Group. 13th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 69th Bomb Squadron. 42nd Bomb Group. 13th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1415

Airline pilot, Army Air Forces veteran (69th Bomb Squadron, 42ndBomb Group, 13th Air Force). His experiences as a B-25 pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Pre-war job experiences; enlistment in the Army Air Forces, November, 30, 1942; basic training, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1943; college preparatory courses, Geneva College, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, 1943; primary flight training, Canton, Mississippi, 1943; basic flight training, Gunter, Alabama, 1943; advanced flight training, Jackson, Mississippi, 1943-44; B-25 transition training, Columbia, South Carolina, 1944; assignment as a replacement pilot to Sansapor, New Guinea, 1944; his descriptions of various missions, 1944-45; flying conditions over the Owen Stanley Mountains; Operation OBOE, June, 1945; leave time in Sydney, Australia, 1945; the move to Palawan, Philippines, March, 1945; missions to French Indo-China, 1945; attitudes and feelings toward the deaths of comrades; postwar adjustments.
Date of Interview: 06/06/2001

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WINDLER, Milton (b. 1933).

Interview ID: OH 1601

For the Skylab Oral History Project. NASA engineer, flight controller and flight director. Childhood in Langley, Virginia; education at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; short career in U.S. Air Force; decision to join NASA; duties in Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, Space Shuttle, and International Space Station programs; problem-solving on Skylab missions; team-building among members of Skylab operations shifts and flight crews; importance of “science czar” position; Skylab’s contributions to space exploration and to science more generally.
Date of Interview: 16/09/2006

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WINGO, Steve (b. 1920).

Interview ID: OH 0904

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 25/02/1993

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WINGROVE, Marvin (b. 1920).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH0459

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the Finance Detachment at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/12/1978

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WINN, Donald N. (b. 1922).

329th Bomb Squadron. 93rd Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 329th Bomb Squadron. 93rd Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1410

Army Air Forces Veteran (329th Bomb Squadron, 93rd Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-24 bombardier in the European Theater; also his experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, January, 1943; basic training, Sheppard Field, Wichita Falls, Texas, 1943; College Training Detachment, Emporia State Teachers College, Emporia, Kansas, 1943; aerial gunnery training, Laredo, Texas, 1943; selection for bombardier training, Midland, Texas, Army Air Field, 1943; bomber transition training, Peterson Field, Colorado, 1944; assignment to the 329th Bomb Squadron, Hardwick, England, 1944; relations between the American military and British civilians; his detailed description of a typical mission; bombing techniques; engine failure and bailing out over Holland, February 24, 1945; his capture by SS troops; interrogation at Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany; POW camp at Nürnberg; general comments about prison camp life; forced march to Moosburg, Germany, March, 1945; liberation on April 29, 1945; recuperation at Camp Lucky Strike, Le Havre, France; return to the States and postwar adjustments.
Date of Interview: 10/04/2001, 11/04/2001

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WISE, Mrs. Thomas R. (b. ca. 1900).

Interview ID: OH 0054

Homemaker. Observations on land speculation, settlement, and development in the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, 1900-30. Cattle ranching; small town social life; Mexican-Anglo relations.
Date of Interview: 28/05/1969

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WISECUP, John (b. 1919).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0704

Marine Corps veteran, survivor of the sinking of the cruiser USS Houston. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942- 44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Changi Jail, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 28/07/1987

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WITT, Charles (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0385

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 28/09/1977

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WOHLBIER, Hans (b. 1923).

Stuka Wing 77. Luftwaffe veteran. Stuka Wing 77.

Interview ID: OH 1362

Luftwaffe veteran (Stuka Wing 77). His experiences as a dive-bomber pilot on the Eastern Front during World War II. Involvement in the Hitler Youth, 1933-40; training at Breslau Luftkriegsschule, 1941-42; advanced Stuka training on the French Riviera, 1943; assignment to Stuka Wing 77 at Pancevo, Yugoslavia, 1943-44; assignment to the Ukraine, 1944, and ground support missions against Soviet troops; dive-bombing tactics; assessment of Soviet pilots; the German retreat across Eastern Europe, 1944-45; assignment to a Focke-Wulf 190 fighter; gasoline shortages; chaos at the end of the war; his change to civilian clothes to avoid capture; his postwar wanderings and emigration to the United States.
Date of Interview: 04/02/2000

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WOLFE, Mabel (b. 1893).

Wolfe’s Nurseries.

Interview ID: OHB 0024

Co-founder (with husband Ross, deceased 1948) of Wolfe’s Nurseries, Stephenville, Texas. Family backgrounds; education; their move to California; visits with Luther Burbank and his influence in starting pecan nursery business in Texas; Ross’s sales career with other nurseries; founding his own business, early struggles; origins of Burkett Pecan; growth and expansion; Ross’s death and sons running business; sale of business.
Date of Interview: 30/11/1978

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WOLFE, R. A. (b. 1917).

Interview ID: OH 0961

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 18/03/1994

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WOMACK, Beryl Barton (b. 1923).

Interview ID: OH 1475

Her experiences in England during the Blitz in World War II; her courtship and marriage to Lieutenant Travis Womack, U. S. Army, 1944-45. Her early education; comments about Winston Churchill’s inspirational speeches during the Battle of Britain; wartime rationing; the bombing of her parents’ home in Nottinghamshire; attendance at Domestic Science Teachers College, Leicestershire, 1941-44; the coming of American troops; her meeting Lieutenant Travis Womack, March, 1944; their marriage, March 26, 1945; the process of her coming to the United States, 1946; adjustments to American life.
Date of Interview: 03/07/2002

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WOMACK, James (b. 1921).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0733

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS Saint Louis during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/11/1987

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WOMACK, Travis (b. 1919).

C Company. 307th Airborne Engineer Battalion. 82nd Airborne Division. Army veteran. C Company. 307th Airborne Engineer Battalion. 82nd Airborne Division.

Interview ID: OH 1474

Attorney, Army veteran (C Company, 307th Airborne Engineer Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division). His experiences in the North African and European Theaters during World War II. Education at the South Texas School of Law, Houston, Texas, 1936-40; employment with the Shell Oil Company, 1936-41; induction into the Army, December 2, 1941; basic training, Camp Wolters, Mineral Wells, Texas, 1941-42; Officer Candidate School, Fort Belvoir, Virginia, 1942; assignment to Corps of Engineers topographic battalion, Fort Custer, Michigan, and Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, 1942; decision to volunteer for the Airborne Engineers, 1942; Parachute Command training, Fort Benning, Georgia, 1942; assignment to the 307thAirborne Engineers, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 1943; shipment to North Africa, April 29, 1943; parachute training, Ouijda, French Morocco, 1943; attendance at the British 8th Army mine school, 1943; invasion of Sicily and capture of Gela airfield, July, 1943; invasion of Italy at Salerno, September, 1943; convalescence from hepatitis at Oran, Algeria; mine laying during the Battle of San Pietro; Anzio invasion, July, 1944; combat around Nettuno and Cisterna; evacuation to Ullesthorpe, England, in March, 1944; preparations for the Normandy invasion; meeting and courting his future wife, Beryl Barton; the crash of his glider during Operation MARKET-GARDEN, September 17, 1944, and subsequent rescue; combat around the Waal River; liaison duty with British 1st Army headquarters; the Ardennes Offensive and the Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January, 1945; transfer to a signals and information unit in Bournemouth, England, 1945; his marriage to Beryl Barton, March 26, 1945; his transfer to the 104th Infantry Division in Germany; mustering out of the service and postwar employment with Shell; his wife’s move from England to the United States, March, 1946.
Date of Interview: 10/05/2002

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WOOD, Charles E. (b. 1923).

866th Bomb Squadron. 493rd Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 866th Bomb Squadron. 493rd Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1307

Army Air Forces veteran (866th Bomb Squadron, 493rd Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-24 gunner in the European Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; gunnery school, Tindall Field, Florida, and Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas, 1943; assignment to the 493rd Bomb Group, 1943; stationing at Debach, England, April, 1944; operations on D-Day; mission to Merseberg, Germany, November 2, 1944; bombing of V-1 and V-2 sites; encounters with German jet aircraft; ground-support missions; return to the States.
Date of Interview: 12/01/1997

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WOOD, George (b. 1913).

Soil Conservation Service.

Interview ID: OH 0170

Scientist with the Soil Conservation Service. His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 07/11/1973

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WOOD, Lloyd D. (b. 1916).

Interview ID: OH 0890

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 24/02/1993

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WOODS, Eugene K. (b. 1924).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1120

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 16/12/1995

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WOODWARD, Eugene (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0432

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS Phoenix during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1978

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WOOLWINE, Elwood (b. 1924).

Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1489

Business executive, Marine Corps veteran (Bombing Squadron VMB-433). His experiences as a mechanic in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His family background and education; influence of the Great Depression on his military and civilian careers; his decision to enlist in the Marine Corps, 1942; boot camp, Parris Island, South Carolina, 1942-43; assignment to VMB-433, Cherry Point, North Carolina, 1943; training at Peterfield Point, North Carolina, 1943, in the transportation section; his training as a vehicle mechanic; additional training and preparation for overseas assignment, El Centro Marine Air Station, California, 1944; journey across the Pacific to Espiritu Santo, 1944; assignment to Emirau, 1944; living conditions on Emirau; his duties as a vehicle mechanic; his building of a personal Jeep from salvaged parts; cooperation with Navy SeaBees; nuisance raids by Japanese aircraft; recreation and entertainment; sea voyage toward Mindinao, Philippines, and the end of the war; homecoming with his family in Abingdon, Virginia, Christmas, 1945; graduation from Virginia Tech with the aid of the GI Bill, 1950, and his postwar business career.
Date of Interview: 27/09/2002

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WOOTEN, Ben (b. 1894).

Interview ID: OH 0029

Banker, public servant, philanthropist. His observations on the growth and development of banking and finance in the Southwest. Service in World War I; assistant cashier of the Alba National Bank, Alba, Texas; cashier of the Farmers and Merchants Bank, Farmersville, Texas; state bank examiner; Federal Home Loan Banking System; vice-president and member of the executive committee of Republic National Bank, Dallas; president of First National Bank, Dallas; chairman of the board of Dallas Federal Savings and Loan Association; philanthropic activities
Date of Interview: 27/10/1969, 31/10/1969, 03/11/1969, 10/11/1969, 17/11/1969

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WOOTON, J. B., Jr. (b. 1913).

Denton Floor Covering Company. Inc..

Interview ID: OHB 0062

Owner and operator, Denton Floor Covering Company, Inc., Denton, Texas. Family background; work in grocery stores in Denton, 1930s; employment as salesman for Lone Star Gas Company, 1940; work in Denton appliance and hardware stores; hired as manager of Denton Floor Covering, 1955; history and financing of business; growth of sales; contrasts sales of linoleum and carpet; description of types of carpeting; expansion into janitorial supplies; marketing area; comments on personnel; business financing and competition in Denton; use of advertising; comments on business ethics; views on development of successful family business; civic activities.
Date of Interview: 06/08/1981

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WORKMAN, William G. (b. 1910).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0537

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 31st Bomb Squadron at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/12/1980

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WRIGHT, Carolyn (b. 1946).

Interview ID: OH 0973

State district judge. Her views concerning the impact and significance of women on the rise of the Republican Party in Texas, 1968-93. Educational background; move to Dallas; decision to enter Republican politics; election as state district judge; her relationship with African-American community; personal political philosophy.
Date of Interview: 12/08/1993

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WRIGHT, Cora Green (b. 1943).

Interview ID: OH 1629

African American alumna of North Texas State University. Childhood and early education in High, Texas; cotton farming; education at all-black, one-room Prairie Point School and Roxton High School; race relations in Northeast Texas; decision to enter Paris Junior College under National Defense Student Loan program; decision to enter NTSU in Fall 1962; brother Charles Green's experience at NTSU; living conditions in "Shacktown" area of Denton; experiences in NTSU Baptist Student Union; marriage to NTSU student Roy Green; career with Dallas ISD and Federal National Mortgage Association, and Oak Cliff Savings and Loan, as a Realtor, and as her husband's co-worker in insurance business.
Date of Interview: 29/03/2006

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WRIGHT, Houston T. (b. 1915).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0466

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi and Tamarkan, Thailand, 1944, and American air raids; Tamuang, Thailand, 1944; Phet Buri, Thailand, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 15/08/1978

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WRIGHT, Huddleston W. (b. 1905).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0794

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944-45; Phet Buri, Thailand, 1945; liberation
Date of Interview: 02/11/1989, 14/11/1989

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WRIGHT, Opal (b. 1916).

Interview ID: OH 1612

For the Texas Textile Mill Oral History Project. Former textile mill worker. Experiences growing up in Denison and McKinney, Texas; decision to drop out of school after sixth grade; work career at Texas Textile Mill in McKinney and experiences of other family members in mill employment; decision to return to school; graduation from high school on fiftieth birthday; achievement of nursing license; family history; experiences in McKinney.
Date of Interview: 17/11/2006

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WULF, Elmer (b. 1921).

535th Squadron. 381st Bomb Group. 1st Air Division. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 535th Squadron. 381st Bomb Group. 1st Air Division. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1264

Businessman, Army Air Forces veteran (535th Squadron, 381st Bomb Group, 1st Air Division, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Pre-flight, primary flight, and advanced flight training in the U. S., 1943-44; training in the B-17 at Roswell, New Mexico, 1944; comments about individual members of his B-17 crew; voyage to England on the Queen Elizabeth, 1944; assignment to Station 167, Ridgewell England; additional flight training out of Ridgewell; his first combat mission, December, 1944; description of a typical mission; bombing tactics; German flak; Berlin raids; his plane hit by flak over Brux, Czechoslovakia, and forced to make crash landing in Belgium, February 14, 1944; convalescence from wounds in Liege, Belgium; return to duty for seven more missions; stateside duty after V-E Day; attitudes toward the German people and the morality of bombing civilians.
Date of Interview: 17/08/1998

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WUNNENBERG, Edgar C. (b. 1922).

Interview ID: OH 1040

His experiences as an employee at the Red River Army Depot, Texarkana, Arkansas during World War II and the postwar years. Employment procedures; job assignments; wartime housing; safety procedures; social activities; union activities; relationships with women workers; race relations.
Date of Interview: 13/02/1995

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