Collections: Browse By Last Name. g

GAGE, Wallace H. (b. 1915).

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0582

His experiences at Hickam Field with the 324th Signal Company during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 23/10/1982

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GALEASSI, Ernest (b. 1920).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0778

His experiences at Hickam Field with the 324th Signal Company during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1988

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GALER, Robert E. (b. 1913).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1230

His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Pre-war training at Pensacola and Quantico; assignment to Saint Thomas and reminiscences about the “destroyers-for bases” deal, 1940; experiences at Ewa during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; assignment to Guadalcanal as commander of VMF-224, August 30, 1942-December 31, 1942; air combat around Guadalcanal; his receiving the Medal of Honor; reassignment to the States for war bond drives; experiences on Iwo Jima, February-March, 1945, as commander of a 584 Radar Team; assignment to the Philippines and Okinawa, 1945.
Date of Interview: 14/03/1998

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Interview ID: OH 1265

His experiences concerning the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; the Guadalcanal Campaign as commander of VMF-224; and as head of the 584 Radar units during the campaigns for the Philippines, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. Navy ROTC at the University of Washington, 1931-35; pilot training at Sand Point, Pensacola, and Quantico, 1935-38; assignment to amphibian squadron on Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands, 1938-40, and his minor role in the "destroyers-for-bases" deal with Great Britain, 1940; assignment as commander of VMF-224, 1942; description of the Grumman Wildcat fighter plane; assignment to Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, 1942; episodes involving aerial combat against the Japanese; aerial combat tactics; living conditions at Henderson Field; shot down for the first time on September 12, 1942; shot down for a second time on October 2, 1942; personnel problems with dysentery and malaria; reassignment to COMAIRPAC, November, 1943; Command and Staff College, 1943; awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for twenty-nine consecutive days of combat and eleven-and-one-half kills; meeting President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the Oval Office; development of the 584 Radar for close-air support; Iwo Jima, Philippines, and Okinawa campaigns, 1945; comments about Charles Lindbergh as his tentmate on Guadalcanal.
Date of Interview: 27/08/1998

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GALLOWAY, Harold (b. 1916).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0626

His recollections of World War II in Europe. Experiences as a medical corpsman; health problems of American soldiers.
Date of Interview: 17/03/1984

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GALTANA, W. C. “Bill” (b. 1914).

Interview ID: OH 1259

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) during the Great Depression. Youth in Dido, Texas; entry into CCC; assignment to Camp SP3-A in Minturn, Colorado; description of camp; reassignment to Arizona; camp routine; recreation; his life after discharge in 1934.
Date of Interview: 13/08/1998

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GANN, Nathan (b. 1919).

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1132

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 09/10/1996

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GANTT, Archie (b. 1922).

F Company. 335th Infantry Regiment. 84th Infantry Division. Army veteran. F Company. 335th Infantry Regiment. 84th Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1375

His experiences in the European Theater during World War II. Boyhood in central Texas; his induction into the Army and basic training at Camp Howze, Gainesville, Texas, 1942-43; Camp Clayborne and Louisiana maneuvers, 1943; shipment to England, October, 1944; combat on the Siegfried Line, November, 1944; leadership problems; Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January, 1945; combat living conditions; Officer Candidate School and commissioning, Fontainebleau, France, April-June, 1945; postwar service in Europe, 1945-46.
Date of Interview: 31/08/1999

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GARBO, William, Sr. (b. 1924).

112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 112th Cavalry. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 1566

War II. Growing up in an Italian-American family in Mississippi during the Great Depression; volunteering for the draft and processing at Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, 1943; basic training at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Virginia, 1943; War Dog Training Center, San Carlos, California, October-December, 1943; assignment to the 26th War Dog Platoon, 1944; assignment to New Guinea, 1944; Battle of the Driniumor River and his attachment to elements of the 32nd Infantry Division, 1944; jungle patrols on New Guinea with his dog; his transfer to Troop, 112th Cavalry, and the invasion of Leyte, Philippines, October, 1944; his new duties as a machine-gunner; small unit combat in the Philippines; living conditions in the Philippine jungles; comments about the fighting prowess of his comrades in the 112th Cavalry; comments about replacements; jungle patrols on Leyte and Luzon; the 112th’s activities around Marungko and Antipolo, Luzon, 1944-45; descriptions of cannibalism by Japanese soldiers; his wounds from artillery shrapnel and evacuation by helicopter; his return to the 112th Cavalry and preparations for the invasion of Japan; witnessing the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945; occupation duty at Tateyama, Honshu; relations between Japanese civilians and American occupation troops; destruction of Japanese defensive fortifications and weapons on Honshu; his return to the States, December 1945, and mustering out of the service.
Date of Interview:
24/11/2003 to 05/12/2003
,
13/01/2004 to 15/01/2004
, 12/02/2004

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GARCIA, Gilbert (b. ca. 1920).

Interview ID: OH 0028

His experiences as a leader in the American GI Forum, Political Association of Spanish-speaking Organizations (PASO), and other Mexican-American social action groups. Delgado Case; poll tax drives; Texas gubernatorial campaign of 1962; Crystal City elections, 1963.
Date of Interview: 03/03/1969

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GARNETT, Mary E. (b. ca 1930).

Interview ID: OH 0958

Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-92. Segregated education in East Texas; graduation from Texas College; teaching career in Malakoff, Texas; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; home improvements; employment at Hamilton Park School; desegregation of Hamilton Park School; fight to save Hamilton Park high School; transfer to Pearce High school in Richardson, Texas; Pacesetter; Interorganizational Council and Civic League; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview:
21/06/1990 to 26/01/1992
, 11/04/1992

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GARRISON, J. B. (b. 1920).

Interview ID: OH 0057

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Guam and capture; Zentsuji, Japan, 1942; Osaka, 1942-44, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 18/09/1970

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GARVER, Mervin (b. 1923).

Interview ID: OH 1309

His experiences as a defense worker at Riverside Foundry, Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, 1941-45. His education and childhood during the Great Depression; employment in the core room at Riverside Foundry; his draft classification as 4-F due to psychoneurosis; his personal feelings about being classified 4-F; local reaction to his 4-F status; production of hand grenade and radar cores at Riverside Foundry; financial and patriotic incentives to increase war production; purchase of war bonds and stamps; employment of women and wartime shortages; rationing of food and gasoline; the “Victory Bus”; blackouts and air raid wardens; President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s visits to Wrightsville by train; personal impressions of FDR; effects of WW II on his personal finances; Reuben Strickler as a member of the York County Draft Board; Donald Smith’s managerial style as proprietor of Riverside Foundry; effects of World War II on the postwar lives of Wrightsville’s citizens; the transition from wartime to peacetime production at Riverside Foundry; memories of post-World War II Memorial Day celebrations.
Date of Interview: 06/08/1999

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GARZA, Rudolph (b. 1919).

Interview ID: OH 0811

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 23/10/1990

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GATELY, Joseph (b. 1917).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0223

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Ralph Talbot during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/07/1974

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GATES, Hobart J. (b. 1920).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0647

His experiences near Schofield Barracks with the 98th Coast Artillery during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 04/05/1984

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GAUGER, Elmer (b. 1919).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0225

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Pennsylvania during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/07/1974

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GAUPP, Frederick E. (b. 1897).

Interview ID: OH 0184

The experiences of a German intellectual during the period of the Weimar Republic and the early Hitler years. Middle-class family background; service in World War I with a Rhenish artillery regiment; education at University of Breslau; Spartacus Uprising; Kapp Putsch; Freikorps activities; rampant inflation, 1923-24; effects of Allied reparations; employment with Ullstein (Berlin) publishing house; fighting between Brown Shirts and Communists; role of lower middle-class in supporting Nazis; Nazi suppression of Ullstein; decision to leave Germany, 1935.
Date of Interview: 03/11/1973

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GAYLE, Gordon D. (b. 1917).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1038

His experiences with the 1st Battalion, 5th Marines at Guadalcanal, New Britain, and Peleliu during World War II.
Date of Interview: 09/10/1994

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GAYLE, James (b. 1938).

Interview ID: OH 1609

Childhood in Waco, Tex., Artesia, N. M., and Fort Worth, Tex.; experience as basketball player at Fort Worth’s all-black Terrell High School; comparison of race relations in Waco, Artesia, and Fort Worth; decision to attend North Texas and enroll in ROTC program; “neutral” stance of NT administration toward black students and “self-support” system among students; experience as a boarder in “Shack Town” neighborhood of Denton; relationships with professors and white students; perception of what he gained from NT experience.
Date of Interview: 14/07/2006

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GEAR, Joe B. (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0055

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Destruction of Cavite Navy Base by Japanese bombers; fall of Corregidor and capture; damage to eyes due to phosphorous bomb; Bellbird Prison, Manila, 1942; Cabanatuan, 1942; transfer to Formosa, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1942; hospitalized in Tokyo; Shinogawa Prison Camp; liberation.
Date of Interview: 18/07/1970

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GEARHART, Marvin (b. 1927).

Gearhart Industries. Inc.. Fort Worth. Texas.

Interview ID: OHB 0071

Family background; description of farming, oil drilling, and educational experiences in Southeastern Kansas; employment as trainee field engineer for Wireline Service Company Welex, 1949; work for Dresser Company, 1952; establishment of Wireline logging unit with Harold Owen, 1955; formation of GO Perforator Supply; separation of Gearhart-Owen company from Pengo Company; comments on growth of worldwide sales; construction of first shop, Fort Worth, 1957; description of proprietary and non-proprietary equipment; explanation of oil-drilling process; description of personnel in field; comments on modal analysis and safety program; description of manufacturing plant and employee training; financing of company through sale of stock; discussion of organizational structure; comments on competitors Dresser Industries and Schlumberger; discussion of first layoffs in company history, 1982; comments on OSHA and EEOC regulations; goals for company; factors contributing to company’s success; comments on importance of communication within company; civic activities.
Date of Interview: 17/08/1982

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GEBHARD, Norbert N. (b. 1920).

Interview ID: OH 1543

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 21/03/2004

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GEE, James (b. 1920).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0110

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; hell ship to Japan, 1944; coal mining near Nagasaki, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview:
06/03/1972 to 13/03/1972

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GEE, Roy M. (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1173

His experiences while aboard the cruiser Phoenix during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 24/03/1997

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GEE, Sadye (b. 1914).

Interview ID: OH 0827

Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-90. Family background and education; employment as teacher in Dallas public schools; marriage and children; decision to purchase home in Hamilton Park; home improvements; Dad’s Club; Hamilton Park School; desegregation and closing of Hamilton Park School; Interorganizational Council; Christian Action Layman’s League; transportation problems; pride of home ownership; flooding problems; local businesses; social life; PTA activities; zoning problems; Civic League; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview:
28/05/1990 to 29/05/1990
,
25/06/1990 to 26/06/1990

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GENSLER, Harold (b. 1915).

USS Edgecombe. Navy veteran. USS Edgecombe.

Interview ID: OH 1416

His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Youth in Ossining, New York; employment with the New York Central Railroad during the late 1930s and early 1940s; enlistment in the Navy SeaBees, 1943; basic training, Camp Perry, Virginia, 1943; temporary assignment as a clerk at the Oakland Naval Supply Center, 1943-44; assignment to the USS Edgecombe (APA-164), 1944; marital problems; operations around Leyte, Philippines, 1944-45; Operation MAGIC CARPET, 1945; postwar civilian activities.
Date of Interview: 31/03/2001

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GENTRY, Will D. “Bill” (b. 1917).

Interview ID: OH 1645

Denton businessman. Family’s history farming in Denton County; creation of Lake Dallas; father’s career as a lawman and mother’s as nurse; experience in Denton schools and at NTSC; career in grocery business, most recently with HEB Co.
Date of Interview: 06/05/2007

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GEORGE, Joseph L. (b. 1915).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0448

His experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Vestal during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/08/1978

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GERDES, Mrs. Dick (b. ca. 1910).

Interview ID: OH 0114

Her observations on the settlement and development of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas. Rural social life; Ku Klux Klan; Mexican-Anglo relations.
Date of Interview: 29/05/1969

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GESINO, Michael G. (b. 1923).

423rd Bomb Squadron. 306th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 423rd Bomb Squadron. 306th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1430

His experiences as a B-17 ball turret gunner in the European Theater during World War II; his experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; his decision to become a bombardier, 1943; bombardier training, Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, and Laredo Army Air Base, Laredo, Texas, 1943; circumstance leading to his decision to become an aerial gunner, 1943; advanced gunnery school, Lowry Air Force Base, Denver, Colorado, 1943; additional gunnery training, Kingman, Arizona, 1943-44; combat crew training, Pyote, Texas, 1944; his decision to volunteer as ball turret gunner; stationing at Thurleigh, England, June, 1944; raids to V-2 rocket sites at Peenemünde, 1944; relations with British civilians; on-base activities; raids against German transportation facilities; comments about German flak; his plane shot down, July 20, 1944, on a mission to Leipzig; eye surgery in a German military hospital in Chemnitz; solitary confinement and interrogation at Frankfurt; incarceration at Stalag Luft-IV, Gross Tychow, Germany, 1944-45; routine camp life; comments about prison camp guards; transfer to Stalag Luft-I, Barth, Germany, 1945; liberation by Soviet troops; postwar medical treatment and recuperation.
Date of Interview: 14/05/2001

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GIBSON, Arch (b. 1912).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0315

His experiences while aboard the destroyer tender USS Whitney during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/04/1976

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GIBSON, Loita Alexander (b. 1939).

Interview ID: OH 1581

Remembrances about childhood and early education in South Dallas, Texas; decision to enter North Texas State in 1957; off-campus life in “Shack Town” among other black students; difficulties adjusting to college and decision to drop out of North Texas in 1960; perceptions of President J.C. Matthews’s ability to manage racial conflict on campus; perceptions of changes at North Texas over forty years.
Date of Interview: 23/03/2006

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GILBREATH, Walter (b.1922).

Interview ID: OH 1688

Childhood in Navarro County, Texas, Altus, Oklahoma, and Lewisville, Texas; parents’ divorce and family break-up; struggles to survive in the Great Depression; experience working with heavy landscaping machinery in Civilian Conservation Corps at camps in Wyoming and Colorado; work as a ranch hand in West Texas; decision to enlist in U.S. Navy following Pearl Harbor; deployment as a mechanic on the USS Nassau; missions throughout Pacific theater; marriage to Lorena Bassinger; transfer to the minesweeper YMS-146; preparation for invasion of Japan; “shellback” initiations; discharge and return to North Texas; decision to open a tree-planting and nursery business; memorable jobs, including tree-planting at North Park Mall in Dallas and Dallas-Fort Worth Airport; lessons learned from World War II service.
Date of Interview: 18/12/2008

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GILL, Noel (b. 1918).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0269

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS California during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 21/12/1974

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GILL, William R. (b. 1920).

A Company. 389th Infantry Regiment. 98th Division. Army veteran. A Company. 389th Infantry Regiment. 98th Division.

Interview ID: OH 1328

His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II; also his experiences and role in the Pacific War Crimes Tribunal in postwar Japan. Officer Candidate School, Fort Benning, Georgia, 1943; assignment to the 98th Division and posting to Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, 1944; jungle warfare training on Kauai; his appointment as executive officer of A Company; amphibious training for the invasion of the Japanese home islands; occupation duty at Osaka, Japan; assignment to the Legal Section of the Pacific War Crimes Tribunal in Tokyo, Japan; his investigation of Japanese crimes against foreign nationals; his investigation of the Japanese use of Allied POWs for propaganda activities during the war; his investigation of the Japanese use of POWs as slave laborers; his investigation of murders of downed fliers by the Japanese; his investigation of atrocities committed by Japanese POW camp commandants; comments about "Tokyo Rose"; reassignment to the U.S. in 1948 and his later civilian career.
Date of Interview: 13/10/1996

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GILLEY, Ed L. (b. 1909).

Interview ID: OHB 0102

Family background; father’s employment experiences in Louisiana; farming in Hopkins County, Texas, 1920s and 1930s; purchase of building and establishment of hardware and grocery store, Miller Grove, 1933; description of merchandise; comments on relocation of building in Miller Grove, 1939; description of credit practices; comments on store personnel; views on competition in Miller Grove; appointment as postmaster for Miller Grove; comments on bookkeeping practices; difficulties obtaining merchandise during World War II; comments on barter practices at store; factors in loss of business; comments on gasoline sale at store; sale of business; comments on cattle raising; description of typical day’s work; comments on Miller Grove community.
Date of Interview: 27/09/1985

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GILLOOLY, Margaret (b. 1925).

Interview ID: OH 1091

Her experiences as a teen­age civilian internee of the Japanese in the Philippines during World War II. Internment on Cebu, 1942; Santo Tomas, Manila, 1942-45; fall of Manila and liberation.
Date of Interview: 18/03/1995

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GILMER, Claude (b. 1901).

former Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives, 1946-147.

Interview ID: OH 0143

His first legislative campaign; “Immortal 56” and the Transactions Tax; Governor W. Lee O’Daniel and his relationship with the House; life as a freshman representative; highway legislation and the Bond Assumption Act; his race for the House Speakership; views on Governor Coke Stevenson; Speaker of the House and committee assignments; Gilmer-Aiken Act and public education.
Date of Interview: 06/04/1968

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GIPSON, Bruce D. (b. 1921).

Interview ID: OH 0821

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Depression.
Date of Interview: 13/02/1991

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GIPSON, James J. (b. 1922).

Interview ID: OH 0830

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 19/02/1991

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GLAUBEN, Max (b. 1930).

Interview ID: OH 0858

His experiences during the Holocaust. Youth in Warsaw, Poland; pre-World War II anti-Semitism; establishment of the Warsaw Ghetto; Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; concentration camp transports; Majdanek, 1943; Budzyn, 1943; Mielec, 1944; Wieliczka, 1944; Flossenburg, 1944-45; injury during Allied strafing attack; death marches; liberation by American troops; emigration to the U.S., 1947.
Date of Interview:
09/01/1990 to 10/01/1990
,
20/01/1990 to 24/01/1990

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GLAUBITZ, Gerald (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0469

His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS San Francisco during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/12/1978

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GLENEWINKEL, John (b. 1917).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0207

His experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Dobbin during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 19/05/1974

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GLENN, Bob (b. 1942).

Interview ID: OH 1706

Longtime resident of Weatherford, Texas. Family history; birth, childhood, and education in Weatherford; 1961 enlistment in U.S. Army; service at various stateside bases; career in banking industry; changes in Weatherford economy.
Date of Interview: 30/03/2010

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GODBOLD, Bryghte D. (b. 1914).

Interview ID: OH 0123

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Wake Island and capture; Wosung Prison Camp, Shanghai, 1942; Kiangwang, Prison Camp, 1942-45; Pusan, Korea, 1945; Hakodate, Hokkaido, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 07/04/1972

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GODOY, Simon Lira (b. 1957).

Interview ID: OH 1724

Mexican-born immigrant to Dallas; chef, maintenance director for 2011 Cedar Springs building. Born in Durango, Mexico; early life with family in agriculture in the 1960s; educated in Mexico; crossed the border illegally by swimming the Rio Grande, walked 80 miles and worked various jobs; eventually made his way to Dallas; subsequent work experience in Dallas as an illegal immigrant; citizenship process; marriage and family.
Date of Interview: 20/04/2011

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GOFF, Charles (b. 1914).

Interview ID: OH 1021

His experiences while employed by the Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, Texarkana, Texas, during World War II and the postwar years. Move from Akron, Ohio; construction of plant; safety procedures; Bond drives; housing and transportation adjustments; social and economic effects of the plant on Texarkana.
Date of Interview: 01/02/1994

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GOMEZ, Joaquin (b. 1920).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0241

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with the 24th Division during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1974

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GONZALES, Emilio “Popo” (b. 1936) and Guadalupe “Lupe” Elizondo (b. 1941).

Interview ID: OH 1562

His youth working in the cotton fields and gins of South and West Texas; his decision to go to barber school, 1957; his marriage to Guadalupe (“Lupe”), 1960; decision to move to Denton, Texas, 1964; her decision to attend beauty school; their activities with Immaculate Conception catholic Church in Denton; his activities with Hispanic parishioners; establishment of Familias Unidas and its incorporation with LULAC, 1975; their involvement with the YMCA, Big Brothers and Sisters, Juvenile Board, Traffic Commission Board, Child Welfare Board, War on Drugs, selective Service Board, Hope Board, Civil Service Commission, Hispanics at Risk, his various awards and citations; his involvement in local politics; his involvement in the Catholic Jail ministry; her youth as a migrant worker; her community and church activities.
Date of Interview: 07/06/2004

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GONZALEZ, Jose (b. 1931).

Army veteran. anesthetist.

Interview ID: OH 1191

His experiences as an Army nurse in Vietnam, 1970-71; assignment to the 24th Evacuation Hospital; base entertainment; recreation off-base; his being awarded the Bronze Star; relationship between doctors and nurses; morale; getting leave to come home to attend family wedding; contacts with Vietnamese civilians; attitudes toward the war; post-Vietnam adjustments.
Date of Interview: 04/07/1997

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GOOCH, Ann H. (b. 1920).

Interview ID: OH 0997

Her reminiscences about Texarkana, Texas, 1925-50. Her mother’s political and social activities; relationships with African-Americans; early education; business enterprises; social organizations; family life.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1993

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GOOD, William O. (b. 1916).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0447

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 98th Antiaircraft Regiment, during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/08/1978

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GOODWIN, James (b. 1917).

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0584

His experiences at Hickam Field with the Finance Detachment during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 23/10/1982

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GORDON, Crayton R. (b. 1919).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0383

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand Death Railway, 1942-43; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1943; Changi Jail, Singapore, 1943-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 31/01/1977

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GORDON, Ernest (b. 1916).

Interview ID: OH 1071

His experiences and recollections as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II after the fall of Malaya.
Date of Interview: 19/03/1995

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GORMAN, Carl (b. ca. 1927).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1048

His experiences as a Navajo code talker with the 2nd Marines on Guadalcanal, Tarawa, and Saipan; creation of the Navajo code.
Date of Interview: 09/10/1994

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GOSSELL, Lloyd (b. 1923).

A Company. 1st Battalion. 28th Regiment. 5th Marine Division. Marine Corps veteran. A Company. 1st Battalion. 28th Regiment. 5th Marine Division.

Interview ID: OH 1394

His experiences during the assault on Iwo Jima, February-March, 1945. Enlistment and boot camp, San Diego, California, 1942; assignment to the 3rd Marine Parachute Battalion, 1942; jungle training on New Caledonia, 1942-43; transfer to Guadalcanal, 1943; combat on Bougainville, 1943-44; return to the States to help form the 5th Marine Division; final training, Camp Tarawa, Hawaii, 1944-45; briefings and meetings en route to Iwo Jima; the pre-invasion bombardment of Iwo Jima; the initial assault on February 17, 1945; conditions on Green Beach; the assault across terraces to the base of Mount Suribachi; isolating Mount Suribachi from the rest of the island; transfer to the north end of Iwo Jima and combat on Hill 362-A; combat in “Death Valley”; occupation of Japan.
Date of Interview: 12/03/2001

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GOSSETT, Ed (b. 1902).

former U.S. Congressman from Wichita Falls, Texas, 1938-51, federal judge.

Interview ID: OH 0120

Early law career; his unsuccessful campaign for Congress in 1936; his successful campaign for Congress in 1938 against ardent pro-New Dealer W. D. McFarlane; comments about the New Deal; his personal political philosophy; congressional committees; inner-workings of Congress; views on immigration; comments about Franklin Roosevelt and Sam Rayburn.
Date of Interview:
27/06/1969 to 01/08/1969

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GOVAN, Amelia (b. 1917).

Interview ID: OH 1616

Longtime resident of Eastland, Texas. Experiences regarding rural life, racial segregation, and race relations in Eastland County, Texas; early childhood in a farming family in Elmo, Texas; family’s move to town of Eastland; decision to move to Los Angles, Cal., in search of work; return to Eastland; religious and social life among African Americans in Eastland; family history.
Date of Interview: 11/10/2006

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GOWEN, George (b. 1917).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0933

His experiences aboard the destroyer Chevalier during the Battle of Vella Lavella in January 1943; his naval career after World War II.
Date of Interview: 03/05/1993

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GRABINSKI, Louis (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0393

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS West Virginia during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 18/10/1977

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GRACE, Arthur R. (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0394

His experiences at Kaneohe Naval Air Station with VP-11 during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 14/10/1977

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GRAHAM, Bettie C. (b. 1920).

Liquid Paper Corporation.

Interview ID: OHB 0010

Her secretarial background; development of Liquid Paper formula; developing the organization and marketing approach; growth of organization, markets, product lines, technology; uniqueness of her philosophy and structure of company and profits stemming from her personal views of life as practitioner of Christian Science; three-person presidency and committee system; financing methods; selection and training of personnel; attitudes toward employees, customers; place of art in her life and business; founding of Bette Claire McMurrey Foundation; views on women in work environment.
Date of Interview: 03/08/1977

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GRAHAM, Fred (b. 1934).

Interview ID: OH 0631

His recollections of the desegregation of intercollegiate athletics at North Texas State College while an assistant in the News and Information Office, 1956.
Date of Interview: 16/03/1984

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GRAHAM, Larry (b. 1953).

Interview ID: OH 1528

His experiences while attending the Texas International Pop Festival, Lewisville, Texas, August 30-September 1, 1969. His first experiences with the Sixties counterculture at Allen’s Landing, Houston, Texas; his attraction to rock ‘n roll music; his earning the nickname “The Diller” from distributing Armadillo Comics in high school; his use of drugs as a teenager; his decision to attend the Texas International Pop Festival; living conditions at the festival; dropping acid and having a bad trip at the festival; the trip tent; performers at the festival, including Led Zeppelin, Chicago Transit Authority, and Janis Joplin; skinny-dipping in Lake Dallas; activities of “Wavy Gravy” and the Hog Farm; his high school activities after the festival.
Date of Interview: 11/12/2003

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GRAHAM, William (b. 1919).

410th Bomb Squadron. 94th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 410th Bomb Squadron. 94th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1325

His experiences as a flight engineer on a B-17 in the European Theater during World War II. Basic training, Sheppard Field, Wichita Falls, Texas, 1942; technical training at Consolidated Aircraft, San Diego, California, 1942; assignment as head of operations, Sioux Falls, Iowa, 1942-44; description of his functions as a flight engineer; his description of the flying characteristics of the B-17; assignment to the 410th Bomb Squadron at Bury Saint Edmunds, England, May, 1944; his description of various missions over Germany; coping with enemy flak and fighters; his first mission to Berlin; his first encounter with enemy jet aircraft; Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January, 1945; his second raid to Berlin, 1945; postwar business career.
Date of Interview: 17/12/1999

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GRAY, Dr. James H. (b. 1943).

Interview ID: OH 1584

Memories of childhood in West Dallas, Texas; experience of attending all-black schools and perceptions of how well that education prepared him for NTSU; decision to enter North Texas in Fall 1961 with intention to major in Commercial Art; decision to change major to Biology, with an eye toward a career in medical illustration; experience boarding with African-American families in “Shack Town”; value of personal stubbornness in the face of racial discrimination; experience of being the only African-American student in every one of his classes at North Texas; belief that some instructors at North Texas did treat blacks fairly, and they knew which fellow instructors would and would not treat blacks fairly; 1966 graduation with B.A. in Biology; decision to pursue M.S. in Microbiology at North Texas, studies with Dr. Gerard “Roland” Vela, and graduation after only one year; decision to enter University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio; medical residency in ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore and Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.; work in Shiraz, Iran, and comparison of his isolated life there with social isolation at NTSU; belief that his experience at North Texas was difficult but ultimately a positive one.
Date of Interview: 11/04/2006

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GRAY, Eunice (b. 1907).

Interview ID: OH 1447

Her comments about the history of Denton County, Texas, 1900-1987. Early history of her descendents, the Sullivan family, 1856-1900; cattle raising and marketing; comments about the oil industry.
Date of Interview: 16/10/1987

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GRAY, Hedwige Kaczanowski (b. 1914).

Army nurse.

Interview ID: OH 0222

Her experiences at the Schofield Barracks hospital during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/07/1974

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GRAY, Jack (b. 1923).

Judge (211th district Court, Denton County, Texas).

Interview ID: OH 0650

His recollections concerning the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 30/05/1984

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GREEN, Cecil H. (b. 1900).

Interview ID: OHB 0007

Family, education, and work background; education and experiences in electrical engineering; work and training with General Electric; development of Spencer Thermostat; work with Raytheon and Charles V. Litton; joining Geophysical Research in Oklahoma; meeting J. Erik Jonsson and rising through Geophysical Research; associations with Eugene McDermott, Karchor, De Golyer, Erik Jonsson, Roland Beers, H. B. Peacock, Pat Haggerty, and others; World War II; diversification into civilian goods during 1950s; development of transistors; his presidency of GSI; formation of Texas Instruments; views of relationship between corporations and educational institutions; government regulations; economic climate in Texas; reasons for his personal success, Texas Instruments’ success.
Date of Interview: 10/03/1985

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GREEN, Charles (b. ca. 1941).

Interview ID: OH 1630

Experiences growing up with racial segregation in High, Texas; graduation from high school in 1959; initial decision to attend Paris Junior College and subsequent decision to attend North Texas beginning in 1961; campus life at North Texas, particularly involvement in Baptist Student Union; graduation with degree in art education; career as educator and as insurance agent in Dallas, Texas.
Date of Interview: 28/03/2007

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GREEN, Hilda Rubinstein (b. ca. 1925).

Interview ID: OH 0854

Her experiences during the Holocaust. Childhood in Memel, Lithuania; education; Nazi occupation of Memel, 1939; moving to Kovno, Lithuania, 1939; Russian occupation, 1940; German occupation and life in the Kovno Ghetto, 1941-43; transfer to Stutthof concentration camp, 1943; death of her mother and sister, 1945; liberation by Russian troops; emigration to the United States, 1947; reunion with her brother in Israel; lasting effects of the Holocaust.
Date of Interview: 02/01/1990

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GREEN, James (b. 1924).

Interview ID: OH 1719

Childhood in rural northern Alabama; farm life during the Great Depression; decision to enter CCC at the age of fifteen; experiences at CCC camps at Roosevelt State Park in Mississippi, Florence, Oregon, and Rainier, Washington; memory of Pearl Harbor; wartime rejection from U.S. Army; postwar decision to join U.S. Air Force; career as an engine mechanic in Air Force and Navy; lessons learned in CCC and military.
Date of Interview: 02/08/2010

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GREEN, John Plath (b. 1910).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0182

His experiences as the officer in charge of the liberation of American and other Allied prisoners-of-war in Japan at the end of World War II.
Date of Interview:
06/02/1974 to 01/03/1974

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GREEN, Mae (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 1593

Memories of childhood in Robertson County, Texas, farming family; experience in one-room, all-black schoolhouse and E.A. Kemp High School; marriage to Roland Green and decision to move to Abilene, Texas; separation from Roland Green and decision to move with three young children to Cisco; work as a maid, factory worker, and nurse’s aide; children’s experiences in desegregating schools relationships with black and white communities in Cisco; decision to press a racial discrimination case against Eastland Healthcare; life in retirement.
Date of Interview: 11/10/2006

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GREEN, Virgil (b. 1922).

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0531

His experiences at Hickam Field with the 31st Bombardment Squadron during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/12/1980

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GREENE, Lucretia (b. ca 1895).

Interview ID: OH 1015

Her experiences while employed by the Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, Texarkana, Texas, during World War II. Hiring procedures and job assignments; relationships between male and female workers.
Date of Interview: 26/03/2993

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GREENFIELD, Eleonore (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 1687

Childhood and education in Brandenburg an der Havel and Graudenz, Germany; escape to Berlin from advancing Soviet army in 1944, and again from Berlin to Bavaria in 1945; family’s experiences with occupying U.S. Army forces; marriage to an America GI; memories of first trip to U.S.; travel due to husband’s various deployments across U.S. and Germany; decision to settle in Weatherford; struggle to pass on German language and culture to children and grandchildren; family history.
Date of Interview: 02/11/2009

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GREENWOOD, Robert (b. 1921).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0230

His experiences at Hickam Field with the 16th Coast Artillery during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/07/1974

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GREER, Curtis O. (b. 1923).

Interview ID: OH 0824

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 14/02/1991

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GREGG, Robert (b. 1915).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0069

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma Thailand death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon, French Indo-China, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 24/03/1971

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GRIFFIN, Charles V., Jr. (b. 1915).

Interview ID: OHB 0094

Family background; farming and education near Weslaco, Texas; employment with Texas A&M Extension Service; experiences during Depression in College Station, Texas; assignment as county agricultural agent for Jones and Brown Counties; employment with Quaker Oats Company developing feed, 1948; purchase of Uvalde Producers Wool-Mohair, 1952; description of wool and mohair business; split of operation into feed and grain business and wool and mohair business; merger with Dolph Briscoe’s wool and mohair business; sale of wool and mohair business, 1970; comments on goat raising near Uvalde and problems with predators; storage and sale of corn, milo, and wheat; purchase of grain elevator, Knippa, Texas; comments on sons’ management of feed and grain business; involvement in buying and selling grain, soybeans, and guar beans; volume of sales in feed and grain business; reasons for decrease in grain sales; personnel and equipment requirements for grain business; financing of company; comments about John Nance Garner as banker; description of organizational structure; views on competition in grain business; comments on credit business; farming in Batesville, Texas; trade association and civic activities; educational advice for students of business.
Date of Interview: 12/07/1984

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GRIFFIN, Doyle (b. 1916).

Interview ID: OHB 0076

Family background; comments concerning work on Will Evers’s pecan farm and hiring out to pick cotton, Denton; employment in Bailey Mullins’s machine shop and auto parts store, 1935; description of merchandise and prices; employment with Public Construction Company building defense installations in Texas and Oklahoma, 1942; purchase interest in R & R Motor Supply, 1944; comments on location of store suppliers; interactions between machine shop and parts shop; description of sales volume and distribution area; comments on personnel and financing of business; views on incorporation and expansion into Lewisville and McKinney; discussion of insurance requirements and experiences with OSHA regulators; comments on trade associations; civic activities; description of typical working day; factors in building a successful business; comments on Denton competitors; views on providing credit business; business relationship with brother, Owen; comments on raising quarter horses, Argyle; discussion of involvement in power boat racing and winning national championship, 1940s; comments on percentage of large accounts in business.
Date of Interview: 11/12/1982

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GRIFFIN, James O. (b. 1930).

Interview ID: OH 0715

His experiences concerning the integration of the Hamilton Park, Texas, school and the establishment of the Pacesetter program. His employment at the Hamilton Park School; federal desegregation suits; activities of Hamilton Park Civic League; decision to establish Pacesetter; fate of black teachers; PTA activities.
Date of Interview: 19/11/1987

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GRIFFIN, Owen (b. 1903).

Interview ID: OHB 0075

Family background; experiences moving from Georgia to Texas, 1919; description of work and education near Homer and Royston, Georgia; description of Denton, 1919; employment with Acme Brick; part-time work as auto mechanic and work in will Evers’s pecan Orchard, 1922; full-time employment as auto mechanic for Sid Smith, 1924; description of auto dealerships and repair shops in Denton; experiences working for Hopper and Blackburn, 1935-38; comments about North Texas State president William Bruce; comments about W. R. Lakey’s concrete company; opens auto repair business, 1938; comments on personnel; experiences teaching industrial arts courses at North Texas Lab School and with out of school youth (OSY) program at Denton High School; description of effects of Depression in Denton; work for Harris and Koenig Hardware store, 1920s; experiences demonstrating farm equipment; credit practices for auto repair business; comments on cooperation among auto mechanics in Denton; description of auto repair equipment improvements; sale of business, 1968; civic activities; changes in Denton since 1920s.
Date of Interview: 15/11/1982

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GRIFFIN, Richard (b. 1919).

Interview ID: OH 1251

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 11/06/1998

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GRIFFITH, Ernest (b. 1896).

Interview ID: OHB 0077

Family background; education in Texola, Oklahoma; part-time employment as cotton picker; involvement in building cotton gins and operating drug stores, West Texas, 1920s; operation of Griffith and Stith cotton gin, Weinert, Texas, 1927; comments on buying cotton and retaining cotton seed; variations in cotton prices; comments on Depression in Weinert; sale of coal to farmers; buying grain for Kimball Milling Company during off-season; description of dry land farming; reasons for decrease of cotton gins; use for cotton burrs and seed hulls; sale of cotton gin business, 1946; operation of gins in Sherman, Texas and grain department in Woodward, Oklahoma for Kimball Milling Company; comments on Weinert cotton gin personnel; significant changes in cotton ginning business during thirty years; explanation of ginning procedure; civic and trade association activities.
Date of Interview: 04/11/1982

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GRISSOM, Richard (b. 1925). Business

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1176

His experiences while aboard the submarine USS Tirante in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Submarine School, New London, Connecticut, 1944; his training as an electrician’s mate; qualification examination; assignment to the Tirante, 1945; various patrols around the Japanese home islands.
Date of Interview: 09/05/1996

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GROGAN, Roy J. b. 1926).

Interview ID: OH 1701

Family history; Parker County farming history; childhood and education in Weatherford; Depression-era struggles; enlistment in U.S. Navy; World War II service; studies at Weatherford College, Duke University, and Duke Law; legal career with FBI, in private practice in Weatherford, and as Parker County District Attorney; career as land developer; political career on Weatherford City Council and Weatherford College Board of Regents; involvement in state party politics; integration of Weatherford schools.
Date of Interview: 16/03/2010

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GROSS, C. R. (b. 1920).

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0183

His experiences at Hickam Field with the Finance Detachment during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/04/1974

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GROSS, Raymond J. (b. 1896).

Interview ID: OH 0177

His experiences while employed by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 06/04/1974

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GROTE, Richard (b. 1932).

Interview ID: OH 1663

Cold War-era Air Force veteran. Childhood in El Paso, Tex., and Tucson, Ariz.; memories of Great Depression and World War II; father’s service in World War I; decision to attend University of Arizona and enter the U.S. Air Force ROTC program; assignment to Lackland AFB; training in navigation and aircraft performance engineering for B-36 and KB-29 air refueling aircraft crews; retraining in electronic countermeasures; assignment to B-52 wing at Castle AFB, Calif.; airborne alert missions; tensions of Cuban Missile Crisis; air-sampling missions; assignment to U.S. Air University and thesis on subject of the so-called “missile gap”; assignment to an SR-71 reconnaissance unit; deployment to Kadena Air Base during Vietnam War; belief that U.S. policy in Cold War succeeded in preventing other wars; retirement to Fort Worth.
Date of Interview: 18/10/2007

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GROVES, Doris (b. 1951)

Interview ID: OH 1795

For the American History: Voluntary Simplicity Oral History Project. Simple life advocate. Childhood in New Jersey; family losses; discovery of the Nearings and the simple life; memories of Scott and Helen Nearing; the Good Life Center.
Date of Interview: 14/07/2014

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GRUBBS, Albert B. (b. 1919).

Interview ID: OH 0908

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 25/02/1993

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GUERRERO, Manuel (b. 1925).

Governor of Guam, 1963-72.

Interview ID: OH 0116

His experiences as secretary of Guam during the governorship of Bill Daniel; economic and educational development of Guam; congressional bill for the establishment of an elective governorship for Guam.
Date of Interview: 11/09/1968

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GUEST, Revella (b. 1912).

Army nurse.

Interview ID: OH 0471

Her experiences at Tripler General Hospital during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/12/1978

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GUILES, Jake (b. 1920).

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0133

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Bataan and capture; Bataan Death March; Camp O’Donnell, 1942; Cabanatuan, 1942-44; Bilibid Prison, Manila, 1944; hell ship to Japan, 1944; coal mining at Histashi, Honshu, 1944; copper mining at Ashio; Niigata, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 20/06/1972

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GUIN, Jack (b. ca. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0758

His experiences while aboard the hydrographic vessel USS Sumner during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/02/1989

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