Collections: Browse By Last Name. s

SACKER, John (b. ca. 1920).

Army veteran. Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0767

Army and Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 9th Signal Service Company at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 24/02/1989

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SACKETT, Albert M. (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1301

Navy veteran. His experiences aboard the PT boat tender USS Jamestown and the rocket launching ships LCIR-74 and LCIR-34 in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Navy at age seventeen in 1937; assignment aboard the cruiser USS Northampton, 1937, as a machinist’s mate; diesel mechanics school, New London, Connecticut, 1941; assignment to the converted yacht USS Jamestown, 1941; conversion of the Jamestown into a PT boat tender, 1941; transfer to the Pacific and operations in the Solomon Islands, 1942; supporting and servicing PT boat squadrons while based at Tulagi; his work overhauling Packard engines for PT boats; move to Rendova, 1943; return to the States, 1944; his steady advancement through the enlisted ranks and promotion to ensign, 1944; assignment to the LCIR-74 at New Guinea, 1944; Leyte Gulf landings, 1944; his first command, LCIR-34, 1945; preparations for the invasion of Japan; subsequent postwar career and promotion to admiral; influence of his widowed mother on his naval career.
Date of Interview: 03/10/1997

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SADAU, Carl (b. 1931).

Interview ID: OH 1456

Farmer. His reminiscences about rural life in Denton County, Texas, 1920-1987. Changing crop patterns; development of larger farms and agricultural operations; Simpson’s sawmill; threshing season; rural migration to towns and cities.
Date of Interview: 03/09/1987

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SAHLIYEH, Emile (b. 1945).

Interview ID: OH 1734

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Palestinian-born immigrant to Denton, Texas, UNT professor. Childhood in Jerusalem under the British mandate; experience as a Christian in Palestine; decision to study international relations and Middle Eastern politics; education at American University of Beirut and Georgetown University; 1986 decision to accept job at North Texas State University; thoughts on current events in Middle East, particularly uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt; work with U.S. State Department; thoughts on opportunities available blind people in U.S. as compared to other parts of the world.
Date of Interview:
11/04/2011 to 13/04/2011

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SALFEN, Harold (b. 1920).

9th Air Force. 19th Tactical Air Command. 312th Squadron. Army Air Forces veteran. 9th Air Force. 19th Tactical Air Command. 312th Squadron.

Interview ID: OH 1440

Aviation executive, Army Air Forces veteran (9th Air Force, 19th Tactical Air Command, 312th Squadron). His experiences as an antiaircraft radar operator in the European Theater during World War II. Comments about his German ancestors and growing up in O’Fallon, Missouri; sports activities; college life at the University of Missouri; decision to join the Aviation Cadet Program, 1941; primary flight training, Ballinger, Texas, 1942; washing out of flight training; courtship of his future wife; Officer Candidate School, Miami, Florida, 1942; ground radar training, Goldsboro, North Carolina, 1943; assignment to Scotland for further training, 1943-44; transfer to “Ripsaw 4,” 1944; transfer to France; his description of the liberation of the Buchenwald concentration camp; his description of the hospital and commandant’s quarters at Buchenwald; end of the war in Europe and preparations for the invasion of Japan; his postwar marriage.
Date of Interview: 14/02/2000

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SALMON, Ruth Roach (b. 1896).

Interview ID: OHB 0087

Rancher and Wild West Show bronc rider. Childhood in Excelsior Springs, Missouri; trick riding and touring Europe and the U.S. with the 101 Ranch show; riding in various other shows; first marriage to Bryan Roach; second marriage to Fred Salmon; ranching in Nocona, Texas; Fred Salmon’s background; history of the Salmon Ranch; Montague County.
Date of Interview: 07/11/1984

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SALMON, W. W. (b. 1909).

Interview ID: OH 0095

His experiences as an employee of the Dallas regional office of the Home Owners Corporation during the New Deal. Mortgage buying; loan amortization; insurance; home improvements; accounting procedures; politics and patronage; taxes and appraising; foreclosures; loan servicing.
Date of Interview: 19/11/1971

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SALTER, Richard D. (b. 1917).

73rd Bomb Squadron. Army Air Forces veteran. 73rd Bomb Squadron.

Interview ID: OH 1000

Army Air Forces veteran (73rd Bomb Squadron). His experiences during internment in the Soviet Union, 1943-44, after the downing of his bomber by Japanese planes. Alaskan operations; internment by the Soviets and his treatment; postwar career in the Air Force.
Date of Interview: 01/05/1993

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SAMPLE, W. R. (b. 1906).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0408

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 6th Pursuit Squadron at Wheeler Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 27/03/1978

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SAMPLEY, Arthur (b. 1903).

Interview ID: OH 0252

College professor, former college administrator, former poet laureate of Texas. The making of the poet; analysis of his poetry; tenure as director of libraries and vice-president for academic affairs at North Texas State College; his philosophy of teaching; desegregation of the college, 1955-56.
Date of Interview: 08/11/1973, 07/12/1973, 29/05/1974, 26/11/1974

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SANCHEZ, Nicholas (b. 1921).

15th Squadron. 4th Combat Cargo Group. Army Air Forces veteran. 15th Squadron. 4th Combat Cargo Group.

Interview ID: OH 1354

Radio/TV engineer, Army Air Forces veteran (15th Squadron, 4th Combat Cargo Group). His experiences as a radio operator on a C-46 in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Enlistment and radio school, 1942; assignment to the 15th Squadron, 1943; transition training in the C-46, Bowman Field, Louisville, Kentucky, 1943; assignment to Sylhet, India, and flying supplies to the British 14th Army in Burma, 1944-45; transfer to the Air Transport Command at Myitkyina, Burma, 1945; flying supplies over “The Hump” to Kunming, China, 1945; bailing out over the Himalayas after his plane caught fire, 1945; his rescue by Chinese peasants and his eventual reunion with his squadron in Myitkyina; his postwar career in radio/TV.
Date of Interview: 16/02/1999

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SANDER, Willie Fred (b. 1916).

Patrol Squadron 14. Navy veteran. Patrol Squadron 14.

Interview ID: OH 1488

Businessman, Navy veteran (Patrol Squadron 14). His experiences as a PBY and PBM pilot in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. His youth and education around Brenham, Texas; graduation from high school and employment with the A&P grocery chain, 1933-42; enlistment in the Navy as a member of the “Houston Hurricanes,” 1942; pre-flight training at the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 1942; primary flight training, Naval Air Station, Dallas, Texas, 1942; advanced flight training, Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1942-43; transition to multi-engine planes at Corpus Christi, 1943; Kaneohe Naval Air Station, Oahu, Hawaii, 1943; transfer to the Southwest Pacific and flying patrols in the PBY as a member of Patrol Squadron 14, March, 1944; night patrols as a member of a “Black Cat” squadron; operations in the PBM around Lingayen Gulf, Philippines, March, 1945; anti-shipping patrols off the Chinese coast; Japanese fighter opposition; life aboard a seaplane tender; his plane credited with sinking five Japanese ships in the Hong Kong-Hainan Island area, June 23, 1945; his being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross; his postwar business career.
Date of Interview: 22/05/2002

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SANDERFORD, Ghent (b. 1889).

Interview ID: OH 0014

Attorney. His experiences as private secretary to Governor Miriam A. Ferguson, 1925-27, 1933-35; his relationship with James E. Ferguson; comments about Governors Pat Neff, Dan Moody, James Allred, W. Lee O’Daniel, and Coke Stevenson; Johnson-Stevenson senatorial race of 1948; impeachment of James Ferguson.
Date of Interview: 08/05/1967, 03/06/1967

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SANDERS, Bob Ray (b. 1947).

Interview ID: OH 1575

African-American alumnus of North Texas State University. Memories of childhood and early adulthood in Fort Worth, Texas; experience of attending all-black schools, including I.M. Terrell High School; “benevolent racism” of Fort Worth whites; personal experience in desegregating Hollywood Theater in Fort Worth; early interest in journalism; decision to enroll at North Texas State University in 1965; experiences as an NTSU student and resident of Denton; participation in campus antiwar demonstrations and demonstration to protest the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.; career as a reporter and columnist for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram.
Date of Interview: 03/03/2006

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SANFORD, Dave C. (b. 1915).

4th Platoon. L Company. 37th Infantry Division. Army veteran. 4th Platoon. L Company. 37th Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1378

Army veteran (4th Platoon, L Company, 37th Infantry Division). His experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Pre-war youth; entry into the Army and basic training, Camp Blanding, Florida, 1942; combat on Guadalcanal, 1943; New Georgia Campaign, 1943; Munda Campaign, 1943; Bougainville Campaign, 1943-44; Philippine Campaign, 1945; battle for Manila; his battle wounds on February 13, 1945, and medical evacuation.
Date of Interview: 25/02/1999

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SANNER, George (b. 1923).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0261

Army veteran. His experiences with the 11th Field Artillery, 24th Infantry Division, at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1974

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SANTOYO, Jose Manuel (b. 1992)

Interview ID: OH 1860

For the Dallas DREAMers Oral History Project. DREAM Team activist. Childhood in Mexico; decision to immigrate to the United States; ease of crossing the border pre-9/11; advantages of becoming documented; political involvement; living undocumented; precariousness of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) status; Mexican American identity; North Texas DREAM Team and activism.
Date of Interview: 24/10/2015

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SARTWELL, Paul (b. 1914).

D Company. 2nd Battalion. 7th Regiment. 1st Marine Division. Marine Corps veteran. D Company. 2nd Battalion. 7th Regiment. 1st Marine Division.

Interview ID: OH 1357

Federal prison administrator, Marine Corps veteran (D Company, 2nd Battalion, 7th Regiment, 1st Marine Division). His experiences in the Pacific Theater and China during World War II; also his experiences during the Korean War. Service in the peacetime Army, 1933-36; civilian employment, 1936-43; decision to join the Marines, 1943; Officer Candidate School, Quantico, Virginia, 1945; assignment as a replacement to the 1st Marine Division on Okinawa, May, 1945; his combat experiences during the Okinawa Campaign; tactics used against Japanese holdouts; training for the invasion of the Japanese home islands; postwar occupation duty around Shanhaikuan-Tientsin, China, 1945; his discharge and return to the Federal Bureau of Prisons; his recall to active duty during the Korean War, August 31, 1950; rejoining his old outfit, the 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines, at Camp Pendleton, California; ground combat around Seoul, South Korea; his serious leg wound and evacuation; his receiving the Silver Star for gallantry; recuperation and permanent disability; release from active duty in 1951 and subsequent career with the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Date of Interview: 25/02/1999

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SAUER, Oscar H. (b. 1912).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0324

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS California during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1976

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SAVAGE, Columbus (b. 1914).

16th Bomb Squadron. Far East Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 16th Bomb Squadron. Far East Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1046

Army Air Forces veteran (16th Bomb Squadron, Far East Air Force), survivor of the Bataan Death March. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Bataan Airfield, 1941-42; fall of Bataan and capture; Bataan Death March; Camp O'Donnell, 1942; Cabanatuan, 1942; Davao Penal Colony, 1942-44; Bilibid Prison, Manila, 1944; hell ship to Japan, 1945; Mojo and Fukuoka, Kyushu, 1945; Mukden, Manchuria, 1945; liberation by Russian troops.
Date of Interview: 25/05/1994, 31/05/1994

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Interview ID: OH 1105

His experiences as an Army officer in the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 22/10/1995

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SAVAGE, George (b. 1923).

30th Squadron. 19th Bomb Group. 20th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 30th Squadron. 19th Bomb Group. 20th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1141

Army Air Forces veteran (30th Squadron, 19th Bomb Group, 20th Air Force). His experiences as a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Bombing missions from Guam to Japan, 1945; Japanese fighter and flak opposition; fire bomb raids.
Date of Interview: 21/10/1996

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SCANTLIN, Clarence (b. 1900) and Nona (b. ca. 1902).

Interview ID: OHB 0100

Owners and operators of grocery and furniture refinishing businesses, Fort Worth, Texas. Clarence’s family background; employment at grocery store, Kansas City, 1917; work for Sandegaard’s grocery store, Fort Worth, 1919; employment with A&P tea Company, 1927-37; opening of grocery stores in Fort Worth; description of equipment and food products at grocery stores in Kansas City and Fort Worth; prices of goods during Depression; reasons for leaving grocery business, 1941; employment with Texas hotel as furniture refinisher; establishment of refinishing business, Fort Worth; description of refinishing process; comments on
Date of Interview: 08/11/1985

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SCHELPER, Anna (b. 1917).

World War II veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1671

For the Tarrant County War Veterans Oral History Project. World War II veteran. Childhood and education in San Antonio, Tex.; challenges of the Great Depression; decision to enter John Sealy College of Nursing of the University of Texas; decision to enlist in U.S. Army Reserves, January 1941; service in U.S. Army Nursing Corps at hospitals in Colo. and Cal.; deployment to Pacific Theater; work with 118th General Hospital in Australia, New Guinea, the Philippines, and Japan; experiences with injured soldiers, civilians, and prisoners of war; descriptions of wartime destruction in Philippines and Japan; social life among nurses; opinions regarding use of atomic weapons; family’s history in Central Texas; return to San Antonio and service at Brooke Army Medical Center through Korean War era; education at San Francisco State University; return to Army service and service at several hospitals concluding with Brooke; 1963 retirement; interest in travel; memories of 1968 San Antonio Hemisfair; decision to relocate to Fort Worth; opinions regarding military service and women’s roles in armed forces.
Date of Interview: 24/10/2007

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SCHENCK, Natasha Guytan (b. 1971).

Interview ID: OH 1699

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Russian-born immigrant to suburban Plano, Texas. Childhood and education in Kazan, Russia, Poland, and Izhevsk, Russia; parents’ work as geophysicists; perceptions of glasnost and perestroika; college and graduate school experiences at Kazan State University and decision to study computer science; experiences with Billy Graham Evangelistic Ministries; marriage to a Texas A&M student who had studied at Kazan State as an exchange student; decision to move to Texas; first impressions of Texas; career in telecommunications industry; divorce; process of becoming a U.S. citizen; opinions on current political issues.
Date of Interview: 15/11/2009

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SCHIFF, William P. (b. 1918).

Interview ID: OH 0872

Businessman, Holocaust survivor. His experiences during the Holocaust. Family background; youth in Krakow, Poland; prewar anti-Semitism; reaction to German invasion; forced-labor battalions; formation of Krakow Ghetto; ghetto life; smuggling activities; transports to concentration camps and deportation of parents in July, 1942; his marriage in the Krakow Ghetto, 1942; liquidation of Krakow Ghetto; deportation to Plaszów Concentration Camp; separation from wife, September, 1943; deportation to Auschwitz; medical experiments; survival techniques in Auschwitz; evacuation from Auschwitz, January, 1945; internment at Gross-Rosen; transfer to Buchenwald; liberation by American troops; reunion with his wife in Krakow; emigration to United States, 1949; lasting effects of Holocaust.
Date of Interview: 12/01/1990

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SCHLEIER, Erich E. (b. 1919).

436th Bomb Squadron. 7th Bomb Group. 10th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 436th Bomb Squadron. 7th Bomb Group. 10th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1492

Commercial airline pilot, Army Air Forces veteran (436th Bomb Squadron, 7th Bomb Group, 10th Air Force). His experiences as a B-24 pilot in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. His prewar education through college at the University of Houston; Junior ROTC in high school; joining the Texas Air Guard (111th Observation Squadron) before World War II; flying lessons at Hobby Airport, Houston, Texas; participation in the Civilian Pilot Training Program and the Citizen Military Training Camp; his commissioning as a 2nd lieutenant in the field artillery, August, 1941; his transfer to the Army Air Forces, December 17, 1942; physical training at Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas, 1942; primary flight training, Corsicana, Texas, 1942; basic flight training, Randolph Field, San Antonio, Texas, 1942; advanced flight training in multi-engine planes, Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, 1942; B-17 training, Sebring, Florida, 1942; B-24 training, Davis-Monthan Field, Tucson, Arizona, 1943; crew formation at Davis-Monthan; bomber transition training, Clovis, New Mexico, 1943; assignment to the CBI Theater; crash landing at McDewgwi, Nigeria, April 27, 1943; stationing at Bishnupur, India, 1943; base living conditions; various bombing missions to Rangoon, Burma; Japanese fighter and antiaircraft opposition; night missions against Japanese shipping; mining the Bangkok, Thailand, harbor; comments about Indian culture and living conditions; combat death of his co-pilot; his navigator’s psychological problems; detailed descriptions of two raids on the Burma-Thailand “Death Railway,” Spring, 1944, and the wounding of his arm on the second raid; recuperation; his return to combat eight weeks later; his reaction to the combat death of his brother in Europe; his return to the States, July, 1944; date with Judy Garland; his postwar career in commercial aviation and his later return to active duty in the Air Force.
Date of Interview: 12/06/2003

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SCHMIDT, Frank (b. 1918).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0197

Marine Corps veteran. His experiences with F Company, 3rd Defense Battalion, at the Marine Barracks between Pearl Harbor and Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 17/05/1974

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SCHNEIDER, Raymond (b. 1923).

710th Bomb Squadron. 447th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 710th Bomb Squadron. 447th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1389

Attorney, Army Air Forces veteran (710th Bomb Squadron, 447th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; basic training, Miami Beach, Florida, 1942; college preparatory program, Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, 1942-43; pre-flight training, Montgomery, Alabama, 1943; primary flight training, Georgia, 1943; basic flight training, Greenwood, Mississippi, 1943; advanced flight training, Columbus, Mississippi, 1943-44; his marriage after receiving his commission, 1944; B-17 transition training, Columbus, Ohio, 1944; formation of his crew, Avon Park, Florida, 1944; establishment of crew integrity; trans-Atlantic flight to England, 1944; assignment to the 447th Bomb Group, Rattlesden, England, 1944; his first mission, October, 1944; the process of forming up for mass bombing missions; various bombing missions to Merseburg, Germany, 1944; description of flying through enemy flak; flak damage on a mission to Mannheim, Germany, 1944; enemy fighter opposition; various missions to Berlin, 1944-45; mission during the Battle of the Bulge, Christmas Eve, 1944; encounters with enemy jet fighters; his thirty-fifth mission and rotation back to the States.
Date of Interview: 08/12/2000

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SCHNITTKER, Shelley (b. 1967).

Persian Gulf War. USS Constellation. Navy. Avionics Technician. Persian Gulf War. USS Constellation.

Interview ID: OH 1773

For the Women Veterans Oral History Project. U.S. Navy Seaman, Avionics Technician, Persian Gulf War-era Veteran. Childhood in Arlington, Texas; effects of parents’ divorce; experience in drug rehab; reasons for joining the Navy; training in a job recently opened to women; experience in an all-female company at boot camp; life at duty station in San Diego, California; reaction of family to enlistment; experience as part of a detachment aboard the aircraft carrier USS Constellation; thoughts on women in combat; thoughts on expanding role of women in the Navy in the early 1990s; first marriage to another seaman; attending Baylor University; [reaction of other students to veteran status; lack of support for women veterans at Baylor; shellback ceremony; advice for future generations of women in the military]; unreported sexual assault during “A” school (job training); advice to victims of military sexual trauma.
Date of Interview: 24/02/2013

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SCHRADER, Sue (b. 1941)

Interview ID: OH 1845

Sources of Hope manager and LGBT community activist. Childhood in Indiana; education; move to Texas; family history; homophobia in East Texas; move to Dallas; involvement in the Dallas Metropolitan Community Church (MCC); Dallas gay community in 1980s; MCC history; effects of AIDS crisis on the church and community; MCC’s transition into the Cathedral of Hope; changes in the Dallas LGBT community.
Date of Interview: 16/03/2015

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SCHULTZ, Richard J. (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1801

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS New Orleans during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 29/04/1990

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SCHULZE, Curtis P. (b. 1920).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0775

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Downes during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1988

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SCHWARTZ, A. R. (b. 1926).

member of the Texas Senate from Galveston. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0017

Attorney, member of the Texas Senate from Galveston, Democrat. His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixtieth Legislature.
Date of Interview: 27/11/1967

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Interview ID: OH 0060

Attorney, member of the Texas State Senate from Galveston, Democrat. His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-first Legislature. One-year versus two-year budget; revenue bills; welfare spending; need for constitutional revision; urban-rural conflict; minimum wages for migrant workers; education legislation; unrest on college campuses; personal legislation; comments about Governors John Connally and Preston Smith.
Date of Interview: 06/05/1970

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Interview ID: OH 0187

Attorney, member of the Texas State Senate from Galveston, Democrat. His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-second Legislature. Revenue bills; corporate profits tax; Sharpstown stock-fraud scandal; redistricting.
Date of Interview: 09/11/1971

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SCHWARZ, Otto C. (b. 1923).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0497

Navy veteran, survivor of the sinking of USS Houston. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Sinking of Houston, 1942; capture and imprisonment at Serang, Java; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Tamarkan, and Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, 1944-45; Saigon and Da Lat, French Indo-China, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 07/08/1979

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SCOTT, John C. (b. 1912).

Interview ID: OH 0983

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 22/10/1993

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SCOTT, Tom (b. 1953).

Interview ID: OH 1535

Businessman. His experiences while attending the Texas International Pop Festival, Lewisville, Texas, August 30-September 1, 1969. His parents’ expectations for their children; influence of attending Walden Preparatory School, Dallas, Texas; his difficulty in fitting in at Highland Park High School; his teenage activities at Lee Park, Dallas, and his introduction to the hippie counterculture; conflicts with rednecks; influence of the Sixties musical groups; influence of the Beatles; his decision to attend the Texas International Pop festival; drug use at the festival; light shows at the festival; comments about the Led Zeppelin performance; skinny-dipping in Lake Dallas; comments about the heat, food, and drink, and the size of the crowd; his bad “trip” from taking LSD after the festival; his rebellion against teachers, police, and his parents; the lasting effects of the festival on his life.
Date of Interview: 03/01/2004

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SCROGGS, Jack B. (b. 1919).

Interview ID: OH 0083

College professor. His experiences while chair of the faculty search committee that was responsible for the selection of C. C. (“Jitter”) Nolen as president of North Texas State University.
Date of Interview: 16/06/1971

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Interview ID: OH 0163

College professor. His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 20/09/1973

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Interview ID: OH 0165

College professor. His experiences as a military supervisor of German prisoners-of-war during World War II.
Date of Interview: 25/10/1973

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SEAGRAVES, Jack W. (b. 1920).

511th Bomb Squadron. 351st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 511th Bomb Squadron. 351st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1434

Army Air Forces veteran (511th Bomb Squadron, 351st Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Army Air Corps, February, 1941; basic training at Randolph Field, San Antonio, Texas, 1941; chief clerk of engineering and operations, Victorville, California, 1941-42; Staff Sergeant Pilot Program, Lackland Field, San Antonio, Texas, 1942-43; primary flight training, Cuero, Texas, 1943; basic flight training, Waco, Texas, 1943; advanced flight training, Lubbock, Texas, 1943; his commissioning as a flight officer, August, 1943; crew formation, Pyote, Texas, 1943; bomber transition training, Alexandria, Louisiana, 1943; assignment to the 351st Bomb Group at Polebrook, England, 1943; description of preparations and conduct of bombing missions; his promotion to 2nd lieutenant; mission to Leipzig, February 20, 1944; general comments about enemy flak and fighter opposition; mission to Rohmel, Poland, April 9, 1944; mission to Berlin, May 7, 1944, and his battle wounds; medical attention, recuperation, and return to duty; his mission on D-Day, June 6, 1944; his thirtieth mission and return to the States for further duty, 1944; various duties with the Training Command and the 5th Ferry Group.
Date of Interview: 15/03/2002

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SEELEY, Orland (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0356

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the cruiser USS Honolulu during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 11/01/1977

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SEFCIK, John (b. 1921).

Headquarters. 102nd Infantry Division. Army veteran. Headquarters. 102nd Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1407

Army veteran (Headquarters, 102nd Infantry Division). His experiences in the European Theater during World War II. Youth in central Texas; decision to enter the military, 1940; assignment to the 12th Artillery Battalion, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas, 1940; transfer to Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Division, November, 1940; transfer as part of the cadre for the newly-formed 102nd Infantry Division, Camp Maxey, Paris, Texas, July, 1942; assignment to G-3 Plans and Training Section; shipment to Europe, September, 1944; action around the Roer River, November-December 1944; Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January, 1945; breakdown of German resistance and the end of the war, March-May, 1945; his postwar career.
Date of Interview: 01/07/1999

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SEGAL, Steven Barry (b. 1967).

Interview ID: OH 1685

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Canadian-American immigrant to suburban Flower Mound, Texas. Childhood and education in Montreal and at Queen’s University in Ontario; experience as member of Anglophone minority and as a Jew in Quebec; first impressions of the U.S.; family history, including grandparents’ immigration from Europe; job offer from computer programmer in California; experiences with U.S. healthcare system; return to Canada and marriage; decision to immigrate to North Carolina; career in information technology; decision to relocate to Texas; naturalization process; opinions on suburban life; perceptions of gun culture in Texas.
Date of Interview: 30/10/2009

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SEIDEL, Robert (b. 1925).

763rd Bomb Squadron. 460th Bomb Group. 15th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 763rd Bomb Squadron. 460th Bomb Group. 15th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1409

Army Air Forces Veteran (763rd Bomb Squadron, 460th Bomb Group, 15th Air Force). His experiences as a flight engineer on a B-24 in the European Theater and his subsequent experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Germans during World War II. His youth and education in Elkhart, Indiana; enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1943; basic and pre-flight training at Keesler Field, Biloxi, Mississippi, 1943; washing out of pilot training and reassignment to flight engineer school at Tyndall Field, Panama City, Florida, 1943; crew assembly and B-24 transition training at Chatham Air Force Base, Savannah, Georgia, 1943-44; assignment to the 763rd Bomb Squadron at Spinazzola, Italy, 1944; his first combat mission to Ploesti, Romania; comments about enemy flak; his description of a typical mission; the downing of his plane on a mission to Munich, November 16, 1944; his adventures in bailing out and landing in a blizzard in the Alps; evasion until capture on November 29 by German ski troops; temporary incarceration in Salzburg, Austria; interrogation at Dulag Luft, Wetzlar, Germany; incarceration at Stalag Luft IV, Gross Tychow, Germany, December, 1944-January, 1945; train trip to Stalag Luft I, Barth, Germany, January 6-14, 1945; internal POW camp organization; liberation by Soviet troops, April 29, 1945; rehabilitation and recuperation at Camp Lucky Strike, Le Havre, France; his return to the States and readjustment to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 07/09/1999

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SELBY, George (b. 1908) and Velma (b. 1910).

Interview ID: OH 1244

Florists. Their life in Denton, Texas, 1910-1998 Family backgrounds; comments about the history and physical features of the Bayless-Selby house; decision to enter the flower business; evolving nature of their business; family entertainment.
Date of Interview: 16/04/1998

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SELBY, R. L., Jr. (b. 1913) and Lewis Marie (b. 1918).

Interview ID: OHB 0031

Family background; education; Depression; teaching career; marriage; entering family business work as youth in father’s nursery; full-time entry into family business. Growth of sales volume and variety of plants at family nursery; distribution; improvements in equipment; opening of retail florist shop; World War II; sole owners of retail store, 1949; credit policies; employee relations; opening of garden center; trade association activities; reasons for success; sale of business.
Date of Interview: 21/09/1979

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SELF, Thelma (b. ca. 1947).

Interview ID: OH 0902

Realtor. Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1975-90. Early education in McKinney, Texas; involvement in real estate; involvement with Hamilton Park School; description of housing in Hamilton Park; Pacesetter; Hamilton Park Civic League; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 09/10/1990, 24/01/1991

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SELL, Leon (b. 1920).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0337

Army veteran. His experiences with the 25th Medical Battalion at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 13/06/1976

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SELOVER, Earl H. (b. 1917).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0638

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 04/05/1984

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SEWALT, Mary Anna (b. 1917).

Interview ID: OH 0919

Her participation in the development of the Republican Party in Texas, 1944-93. Youth in West Texas; employment with WPA (Works Progress Administration) during the New Deal years; decision to join Republican Party, 1947; her conservative philosophy; organizing the Republican Party in Denton County; 1952 presidential campaign; activities with Texas Federation of Republican Women; her positions on abortion, Religious Right, women’s rights in general.
Date of Interview: 10/05/1993

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SHANNON, Donald (b. 1955).

Interview ID: OH 1691

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Northern Ireland-born immigrant to Dallas, Texas. Childhood and education in Moygashel, Northern Ireland; career with a local clothing manufacturer; service in British Army and experiences with violence between Protestants and Catholics; love of bagpipes; leadership of various pipe bands; travels with British Army pipe band, including trip to Washington, D.C., and introduction to the future Mrs. Shannon; long-distance relationship; decision to immigrate and marry; first impressions of U.S., of Texas, and of Dallas; leadership of the North Texas Caledonian Pipes and Drums band; process of becoming a U.S. citizen; comparison and contrast of life in the U.S. and Northern Ireland; travels with the North Texas Caledonian Pipes and Drums band.
Date of Interview: 07/12/2009

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SHAPIRO, Florence (b. 1948).

Interview ID: OH 0976

State legislator. Her views concerning the impact and significance of women on the rise of the Republican Party in Texas, 1970-93. Initial involvement in local politics; election to Plano, Texas, City Council, 1979-90; election as Mayor of Plano, 1990; election to Texas legislature, 1992; views on social and fiscal conservatism, abortion; evolution of Republican Party on Collin County, Texas.
Date of Interview: 17/08/1993

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SHARONI, Ilanit (b.1973).

Interview ID: OH 1735

For the DFW Metroplex Immigrants Oral History Project. Israeli-born immigrant to Dallas area. Her immigrant experience; Israeli history; modern Middle East; Intifada; U.S. immigration policy; education at Brookhaven College; Judaism; Jewish sects; bi-cultural relationships.
Date of Interview: 23/03/2011, 27/03/2011

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SHARP, Earl (b. 1917).

533rd Bomb Squadron. 381st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 533rd Bomb Squadron. 381st Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1322

Army Air Forces veteran (533rd Bomb Squadron, 381st Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-17 pilot and a prisoner-of-war in the European Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Air National Guard (154th Observation Squadron), 1939; enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; pre-flight training, Maxwell Field, Alabama, 1942; primary flight training, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1942; basic flight training, Newport, Arkansas, 1942; advanced flight training, Blytheville, Arkansas, 1942-43; transition to B-17s, Sebring, Florida, 1943; formation of his combat crew, Pyote, Texas, 1943; additional combat crew training, Dalhart, Texas, 1943; journey from Grand Island, Nebraska, to the British Isles, 1943; assignment to the 533rd Bomb Squadron, 1944; his first mission, January 30, 1944; his detailed description of the mission when his plane was shot down, May 19, 1944; hospitalization for battle wounds; transfer to the interrogation center at Dulag Luft; Stalag Luft III, Sagan, Germany, 1944-45; evacuation from Stalag Luft III and march to Stalag VII-A, Moosburg, Germany, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 23/09/1999

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SHAW, Jerrell (b. 1936).

Interview ID: OH 0596

Businessman. His experiences as a member of the football team during the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 12/01/1983

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SHAW, William J. (b. 1921).

Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433. Marine Corps veteran. Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433.

Interview ID: OH 1467

Businessman, Marine Corps veteran (Marine Bombing Squadron VMB-433). His experiences as a PBJ (B-25) pilot in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. Childhood and education; his joining the Navy V-5 Program at the University of the South, February, 1942; pre-flight training, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, July, 1942; primary flight training, Lambert Field, Saint Louis, Missouri, 1942; basic flight training, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, 1942-43; advanced flight training, NAS Pensacola, 1943; his decision to select multi-engine aircraft and transfer to the Marine Corps; operational training, Marine Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, 1943; transfer to Cherry Point, North Carolina, 1943-44, and assignment to VMB-433; crew formation and training with the PBJ at Peterfield Point, North Carolina, 1943-44; combat training at Marine Air Station, El Centro, California, 1944; departure for Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, May, 1944; transfer to Green Island, July, 1944; first combat mission to Rabaul; description of mission procedures; transfer to Emirau, 1944; “night heckling” missions; rest and relaxation leaves in Australia; mission to Fambusso Bridge, New Ireland; support for the invasion of the Philippine Islands; reassignment to Quantico, Virginia, for training for the invasion of the Japanese home islands, May, 1945; separation from the service, 1945; his postwar business career.
Date of Interview: 29/05/2002

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SHELDON, Willard G. (b. 1912).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0330

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 5th Bomb Group at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 12/06/1976

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SHELLENBERGER, Buddy (b. 1927).

LST-373. Navy veteran. LST-373.

Interview ID: OH 1344

Navy veteran (LST-373). His experiences during the Normandy invasion on June 6, 1944. Falsifying documents about his age in order to enlist; boot camp, Sampson, New York, 1944; assignment to LST-373, 1944; his detailed account of activities leading up to and during D-Day, June 6, 1944; transfer to the escort carrier USS Shamrock Bay, 1944; brief account of his activities around the Mariana Islands, 1944-45.
Date of Interview: 25/05/2000

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SHELTON, Clyde J. (b. 1922).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0700

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1942; Fukuoka, Kyushu, 1942-44; Arao, Kyushu, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 27/07/1987

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SHELTON, Renee (b. 1956).

Interview ID: OH 1599

For the Eastland County African American Women Oral History Project. Longtime resident of Cisco, Texas. Memories of negative experiences in newly desegregated Cisco schools; phenomenon of self-segregation among students; decision to attend Cisco Junior College; social life among African Americans; perceptions of modern-day race relations in Cisco.
Date of Interview: 26/11/2006

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SHEPHARD, Mae Dell (b. ca. 1930).

Interview ID: OH 0742

Community activist, homemaker. Her experiences concerning the activities of the Denton Christian Women’s Inter-Racial Fellowship during the 1960s and 1970s. Experiences in growing up in a segregated society in East Texas; PTA activities; desegregation of Denton’s public schools; race relations in Denton in the 1960s; decision to join the Fellowship; early social activities; community projects; Christian influence in Fellowship’s activities; reaction of husbands to Fellowship’s activities; early Fellowship leaders; street paving in the African-American section of Denton; voter registration drives; recruiting members; defeat of urban renewal referendum; decline of the Fellowship.
Date of Interview: 14/07/1988

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SHEPHERD, Marion (b. 1919).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0593

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 31st Bomb Squadron at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 06/12/1982

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SHERMAN, J. L. (b. 1918).

60th Coast Artillery. Antiaircraft. Army veteran. 60th Coast Artillery. Antiaircraft.

Interview ID: OH 0310

School custodian, Army veteran (60th Coast Artillery, Antiaircraft), survivor of the siege of Corregidor. His experiences as a prisoner- of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Struggle for Corregidor; escape into jungle and capture; Cabanatuan, 1942-44; Bilibid Prison, Manila, 1944; hell ship to Japan, 1944; Kobe, Honshu, 1944-45, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 04/03/1976

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SHERNER, John (b. 1946).

Army veteran. nurse.

Interview ID: OH 0953

Army veteran, nurse. His experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1969-70. Assignment to 24th Evacuation Hospital, Long Binh; treatment of endemic diseases; assignment to emergency room; triaging of patients; living conditions; drug addicts; battle casualties; medical treatment of civilians; social life; friendships; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Date of Interview: 22/08/1992

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SHERRARD, Paul J. (b. 1903).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0756

Navy veteran. His experiences as a pharmacist’s mate at the Ford Island Naval Air Station during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; also includes his recollections about the sinking of the USS Panay, 1937, the U. S. Marine expedition in Nicaragua, 1925, and the Battle of Midway, 1942.
Date of Interview: 17/09/1988

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SHIFLETTE, William (b. 1918).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0297

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the Air Warning System at Wheeler Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 18/03/1976

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SHIPMAN, Lloyd B. (b. 1923).

Interview ID: OH 1004

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 23/10/1994

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SHIVERS, Allan (b. 1907).

Former State Senator. Lieutenant Governor. Governor of Texas, 1950-1957.

Interview ID: OH 0006

Former state senator, lieutenant governor, and governor of Texas, 1950-57. Career in the Texas Senate, 1934-45; liquor control issue; pari-mutuel betting; lobbyists; oil politics; labor relations; comments about Governors James Allred and W. Lee O’Daniel; race for lieutenant governor, 1946; views on the operation of state government; education; Truman presidential race of 1948; tidelands oil; death of Governor Jester in 1949 and succession to governorship; gubernatorial election, 1950; Stevenson-Eisenhower campaign, 1952.
Date of Interview: 12/04/1965, 02/10/1965, 08/04/1966

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Interview ID: OH 0026

Former state senator, lieutenant governor, and governor of Texas, 1950-57. Observations on political career of Lyndon Johnson; Stevenson-Johnson senatorial race of 1948; Stevenson-Eisenhower presidential campaign of 1952; Johnson presidential race of 1960; Texas Democratic politics, 1952-56; Fifty-third State Legislature; governor’s role in state party organization; state Democratic Convention of 1951; gubernatorial election of 1954; veterans land board controversy, 1954-55; insurance scandals of the mid-1950s; lame-duck governor.
Date of Interview: 08/08/1966, 06/02/1967, 02/10/1967, 18/12/1967, 18/04/1968, 13/08/1968

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SHOCKEY, Clarence (b. 1922).

Interview ID: OH 0809

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 07/10/1990

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SHOCKLEY, Martin S. (b. 1908).

Interview ID: OH 1052

College professor. His experiences concerning the desegregation of North Texas State College, 1954-56.
Date of Interview: 10/04/1995

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SHORT, Elvira (b. 1922).

Interview ID: OH 1620

For the Eastland County African American Women’s Oral History Project. Longtime resident of Eastland, Texas. Experiences regarding rural life, racial segregation, and race relations in Eastland County, Texas; childhood in a land-owning farming family in Mansfield, Louisiana; marriage to Perry short and move to Ranger, Texas; religious and social life among African Americans in Eastland; family history.
Date of Interview: 21/10/2006

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SHOWERS, Donald M. (b. 1919).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1257

Navy veteran. His experiences as a naval officer assigned to the Combat Intelligence Unit, Pearl Harbor, during World War II. Assignment to Station HYPO, February, 1942; comments about Joseph Rochefort, Jasper Holmes, Edwin Layton, and Chester Nimitz; comments about the breaking of JN- 25; role of intelligence in the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway; role of intelligence in the shooting down of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's plane; role of intelligence in U. S. submarine operations in the Pacific; his role in the organization of intelligence files and the distribution of intelligence information; formation of the Intelligence Center, Pacific Ocean Areas (ICPOA), September, 1942; his assignment to the Estimates Section of ICPOA; establishment of a photo-reconnaissance section within ICPOA; establishment of the Joint Intelligence Center, Pacific Ocean Areas (JICPOA); setting up the "Weekly Intelligence Bulletin"; JICPOA's role in the Pacific island campaigns; his role in preparing casualty estimates for the initial invasion of the Japanese home islands (OLYMPIC); postwar naval career.
Date of Interview: 13/03/1998

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SHUFORD, Cecil (b. 1907).

Interview ID: OH 0259

Former college professor, writer, poet. Evolution of the Journalism Department at North Texas State University; his philosophy on the training of professional journalists; his theories on creative writing; impressions of various presidential administrations at the University.
Date of Interview: 08/11/1974

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SIEGLE, Mannie E. (b. 1919).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0464

Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences with the 18th Headquarters Base at Wheeler Field during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/12/1978

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SIERMAN, James A. (b. 1921).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0429

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the destroyer-minesweeper USS Wasmuth during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1978

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SILAR, Edward L. (b. 1924).

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1358

Business executive, Army Air Forces veteran. His experiences as a pilot trainee in the United States during World War II. Life in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, during the Great Depression; the decision of the twin Silar brothers to enter the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; basic training, Miami Beach, Florida, 1943; Air Crew Student Training, Centre College, Danville, Kentucky, 1943; Aviation Cadet Classification Center, Nashville, Tennessee,1943; pre-flight training, Maxwell Field, Alabama, 1943; primary flight training, Southern Aviation School, Camden, South Carolina, 1943; basic flight training, Sumter, South Carolina, 1943; advanced flight training, Seymour, Indiana, 1943-44; comments about going through all phases of flight training with his twin brother, Ted; B-17 transitional training, Sebring, Florida, 1944; B-24 transitional training, Smyrna, Tennessee, 1944; assignment as a co-pilot instructor, Laredo, Texas, 1944-45; his various accounts of flying with his twin brother; forming of his permanent B-17 crew, Plant Park, Florida, 1945; his brother Ted’s marriage at Smyrna; mustering out of the service on December 15, 1945, and enrollment at Centre College with his brother, 1946; law school at Vanderbilt University with his brother, 1949; enlistment in the Air National Guard; Ted’s death as a result of a P-47 crash on March 28, 1949.
Date of Interview: 11/08/2000

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SILAR, Elmira Jane Bock (b. 1923).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1359

Navy veteran. Her experiences as a member of the WAVES during World War II. Youth and education in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania; enrollment at Prowell’s Business School, York, Pennsylvania, 1940; Wrightsville during the Great Depression; effects of the Great Depression on her family; her decision to join the Navy, November 18, 1943; boot camp, Hunter College, New York City, 1943-44; yeoman’s school, Oklahoma A&M College, Stillwater, 1944; assignment to the Advanced Fire Control School, Anacostia Receiving Station, Washington, DC, 1944-45; base living accommodations; promotions; her first experiences with gays and lesbians; comments about sexual harassment; social life; her summons and dismissal of charges before a captain’s mast; specific work assignments; her assignment to a top-secret project; news of the sinking of her brother’s ship during a typhoon off Okinawa on October 9, 1945; her promotion to chief petty officer; her college aspirations and the decision not to attend; postwar employment with the War Assets Administration.
Date of Interview: 12/08/2000

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SIMERSON, Walter A. (b. 1917).

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0329

Army veteran. His experiences with the 3rd Engineers at an artillery cantonment near Kaneohe Naval Air Station during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 12/06/1976

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SIMPSON, Ira L. (b. 1924).

(566th Bomb Squadron. 389th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. (566th Bomb Squadron. 389th Bomb Group. 8th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1369

Army Air Forces veteran (566th Bomb Squadron, 389th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force). His experiences as a B-24 navigator in the European Theater during World War II; also his experiences as a prisoner-of-war in Germany. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; basic training, Miami Beach, Florida, 1943; pre-flight training, Santa Ana, California, 1943; his selection for navigator training, Santa Ana; aerial gunnery training, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1943; advanced navigation training, Hondo, Texas, 1943-44; combat crew training, Charleston, South Carolina, 1944; his description of the flight characteristics of the B-24; the flight to England and assignment to the 339th Bomb Group at Hethel, 1944; his first mission, October 1, 1944, to Hanau, Germany; base living conditions; off-base social activities; German fighters and flak; Ardennes Offensive and the Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944-January, 1945; forced landing due to flak damage on a mission to Magdeburg, Germany, January 3, 1945; his plane being shot down and his capture, February 14, 1945; interrogation; train trip from Holland to Germany; solitary confinement and further interrogation at Dulag Luft, Frankfurt, Germany; processing at Wetzlar, Germany; incarceration at Stalag Luft XIII-D in Nürnberg, Germany; his description of the physical layout of the POW camp; POW camp life; his bouts with mental depression; internal camp organization among the POWs; Red Cross parcels; relationship between POWs and German guards; forced march from Nürnberg to Stalag VII-A at Moosburg, Germany, April, 1945; living conditions at Stalag VII-A; liberation on April 29, 1945; his postwar career in the U.S. Air Force.
Date of Interview: 12/10/2000

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SIMPSON, James B. (b. 1916) and Dorothy (b. 1921).

Interview ID: OH 0841

Their experiences as residents of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1960-90 Early life in rural Texas; Jim Crowism in Dallas; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; employment; home improvements; transportation problems; church activities; Civil League; property restrictions; commercial encroachment; traffic problems; political activities; school desegregation; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 17/07/1990, 24/07/1990

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SINKS, Robert M. (b. 1923).

U.S. Naval Group. China. Navy veteran. U.S. Naval Group. China.

Interview ID: OH 1382

Navy veteran (U.S. Naval Group, China). His experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Enlistment in the Navy and boot camp, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1942; advanced schooling in meteorology and aerology, 1942; volunteering for duty in China; accounts of insurgency operations and intelligence gathering in China, 1943-45; comments about the Sino-American Cooperative Organization.
Date of Interview: 18/02/1999

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SLATE, Garth W. (b. 1921).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0528

Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon and Da Lat, French Indo-China, 1944-45, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 13/08/1980

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SLAVENS, George (b. 1922).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0467

Navy veteran. His experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Medusa during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/12/1978

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SLEDGE, Ely (b. 1934) and SLEDGE, William (b. 1928).

Interview ID: OH 1210

Reminiscences and experiences concerning their father's farm near Pilot Point, Texas, 1900-1980 Comments about their African-American ancestors; their descriptions of various pieces of old farm equipment strewn about the homestead; sorghum mill and syrup- making; hog butchering and meat preservation; water well; description of farm buildings; segregated education; home remedies; garden area; canning; rural social life and entertainment; trading among neighbors; cash crops (peanuts, cotton); harvesting; description of the interior of the family farmhouse and its contents; listening to boxing contests (Joe Louis and “Jersey Joe” Walcott) on the family radio; store-bought and mail order catalog items; ”Juneteenth” celebrations; description of personal documents and papers, 1878-1931.
Date of Interview: 21/08/1987

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SLEDGE, Ely (b. 1934).

Interview ID: OH 1457

Teacher. His reminiscences about life on an African-American farm in Denton County, Texas, 1934-1960. Memories of his ex-slave step-grandfather; his description of old farm equipment; crops and livestock; canning and food preservation; a description of the family sorghum mill; their first radio; home remedies; holidays and social events; the African-American migration to cities and out of state.
Date of Interview: 21/08/1987

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SLOAN, Troy (b. 1914).

Interview ID: OH 1098

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 12/10/1995

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SMALLWOOD, P. J. (b. 1921).

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0166

Realtor, advertising executive, Army veteran (2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, Texas National Guard), member of the "Lost Battalion." His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1944; Saigon and Da Lat, French Indo-China, 1944-45, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 11/10/1973, 25/10/1973

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SMELTZER, Corenna Young (b. 1915).

Interview ID: OH 1308

Her experiences as a riveter at Armstrong Cork and Rubber Company, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, during World War II. Effects of the Great Depression on her family; her first job experience in a knitting mill; incentives to seek a job as a riveter with Armstrong, 1942; transportation problems; shift work; wage discrimination; length of the workday and workweek; riveting work on F4U Corsair fuselages; reaction of male employees to the hiring of women; sexual harassment; financial and patriotic motivation; purchase of war bonds; work clothing; rationing; her role as an air raid warden in her hometown; end of World War II and its effects on employment, 1945; effects of defense work on her self-esteem and self-confidence; her influence on her daughters' career choices.
Date of Interview: 11/08/1999

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SMELTZER, William (b. 1923).

K Company. 179th Infantry Regiment. 45th Infantry Division. Army veteran. K Company. 179th Infantry Regiment. 45th Infantry Division.

Interview ID: OH 1131

Army veteran (K Company, 179th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division). His experiences as a machinist at the Pearl Harbor Navy Base, 1942-44; his experiences as a combat infantryman in Germany, 1945; Hermann Goering's headquarters in Munich; liberation of Dachau; his receiving the Bronze Star.
Date of Interview: 03/08/1996

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SMITH, Charles E. (b. 1927).

Interview ID: OH 0724

Retired communications technician, community leader. His experiences concerning the desegregation of the Hamilton Park, Texas, school and integration with the Richardson Independent School District (RISD) during the 1960s and 1970s. Hamilton Park Civic League; conditions at the Hamilton Park School; Civil Rights Act of 1964 and RISD’s compliance; creation of biracial zones; role of H.E.W. in the desegregation process; student adjustments to desegregation; role of the Interorganizational Council in the desegregation process; role of the Hamilton Park Evaluation Committee; clustering plans; establishment of Pacesetter.
Date of Interview: 19/03/1988

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Interview ID: OH 0793

Community leader. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-89. Childhood in East Texas; decision to purchase home in Hamilton Park; social activities; Civic League; property maintenance and deed restrictions; widening of Forest Lane; widening of Schroeder Road; extension of Shepherd Road; relations with Texas Instruments; zoning problems; establishment of Crime watch program, 1986; industrial encroachment; environmental problems; Willowdell Park; Willie B. Johnson Recreation Center; real estate speculation and Homeowner’s League.
Date of Interview: 24/08/1989, 10/10/1989, 24/10/1989

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SMITH, Curtis J. (b. 1925).

Interview ID: OH 0703

Airline employee, community leader. His role in the desegregation of the Hamilton Park, Texas, school and integration with the Richardson Independent School District.
Date of Interview: 08/09/1987

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Interview ID: OH 0826

Airline employee, community leader. His experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1956-90. Early life in East Texas; employment in Dallas; service in U.S. Navy during World War II; job promotions with Braniff; African-American housing in Dallas; decision to purchase home in Hamilton Park, 1956; flooding problems; shopping in the community; traffic and access problems; social activities; church activities; Civil League; Hamiltonians; Interorganizational Council; political activities; zoning controversies, Willowdell Park; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview: 02/02/1990, 23/02/1990, 30/03/1990

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SMITH, Donald M. (b. 1912).

Interview ID: OH 1147

Businessman His experiences as the head of Riverside Foundry, Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, during World War II Foundry business during the Great Depression; thoughts about Franklin D Roosevelt and the New Deal; conversion from peacetime to wartime production during World War II; obtaining contracts to produce hand grenades and rifle grenades; problems in procuring pig iron and other scarce materials; employment of women; technological innovations in manufacturing process; responsibilities toward the local community.
Date of Interview: 12/08/1996

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SMITH, Edith (b. ca. 1905).

Interview ID: OH 1062

Her recollections of the Progressive Era in Texarkana, Texas. Marriage to Wilbur Smith; courting practices; childhood; family servants; education; church activities; survey of downtown businesses; her job in the newspaper business; leisure time activities; Red Cross activities during World War I; family reading material; political activities.
Date of Interview: 01/10/1994

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SMITH, Edward V., III (b. 1937)

Interview ID: OH 1866

For the UNT Foundation Oral History Project. Attorney and UNT Foundation emeritus board member. Childhood in Dallas, Texas; education history; political activities; involvement in the UNT Foundation and Board of Regents; Foundation history; law career; future of UNT; diversity at UNT.
Date of Interview: 06/07/2012

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