OH 0680

Former chairman of the board and chief executive officer, Caltex Petroleum Corporation. Education; military service in China during World War II; employment with Caltex, 1946; assignment to Shanghai as legal officer; land titles and property claims in China; postwar marketing strategies in the Far East; competition from Shell and Standard Vacuum; formation of Caltex, his version; Chinese inflation; fall of the Kuomintang, 1949; postwar movement of crude oil, its significance; hostage of radical students at National Chaotung University; character sketches of Phil Lefevre, J. M. Hansen, Hans Bieling, and George Rockholtz; evolution of fuel oil as under boiler fuel; purchase of T-2 tankers, their significance; Caltex hostages in Red China; development of the Japanese and Okinawan markets by Caltex; Nippon Oil company and Koa, joint ventures; Tokyo Tanker Company; Shun Nomura, his significance; joint ventures in refineries in Japan; Nippon Petroleum Refining Company; Indonesia and the Minas field; development of the Korean market; Lucky Chemical and Goldstar, joint ventures; Yosu refinery; development of the Okinawan market; military fuel oil contracts; development of the Filipino market; Batangas refinery; development of the Australian market; ALOR, Ampol, Sleigh; Kurnell refinery; financing refinery expansion; purchase by Caltex of Texaco’s European and North African operations, 1947; Bahrain and Bapco during the immediate postwar period; formation of ARAMCO; reorganization into Caltex East, Caltex West, Caltex Services Company; assignment to New York, 1961; European operations; spin-off of European operations to Texaco and Socal, 1967; comments about Alec Singleton, Neal Lilley; evolving relationship between Caltex (New York) and its subsidiaries; OPEC and its effects on Caltex; his policies and style as president and chairman of the board; expropriation and nationalization; reentry of Caltex into People’s Republic of China; evolution of Caltex operations in South Africa; transfer of Caltex headquarters from New York to Dallas; review of significant trends and influences in Caltex operations; pricing policies; changes in Caltex relations with Japan; evolving relationship between Caltex and parent companies (Texaco and Socal).

About this Oral History

Physical Description 313 pp.
Terms of Use Open
Interviewer(s) Ronald E. Marcello
Date of Interview January 9, 1986, April 4, 1986, June 20, 1986

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