The Holocaust

OH 0946

Holocaust survivor. His experiences during the Holocaust. Anti-Semitism in pre-war Poland; establishment of Ghetto in Zlav, 1939; deportation to Auschwitz, 1940; coal mining in Janina sub-camp; transfer to Birkenau; camp life; “Death March” from Birkenau to Bergen-Belsen, 1945; liberation; emigration to the United States.

OH 0855

Holocaust survivor. Her experiences during the Holocaust. Childhood in Berlin, Germany; education; discrimination during the early Hitler years, 1933-38; early attempts to emigrate; Kristallnacht, 1938; emigration to China, 1939; life in the Shanghai Ghetto under the Japanese; liberation, 1945; meeting her future husband in Shanghai; emigration to the United States, 1946; lasting effects of Holocaust experience.

OH 0859

College professor, Holocaust survivor. Her experiences as a non-Jewish survivor of the Holocaust. Family background; German conquest of Poland, 1939; life under German occupation; Warsaw Uprising, 1944; deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau; life in the concentration camp; escape from Auschwitz-Birkenau; postwar life in Poland under Russian occupation and communist government; emigration to United States; lasting effects of Holocaust experience.

OH 0846

Clothing designer, Holocaust survivor. Her experiences during the Holocaust. Pre-Nazi discrimination in Germany; harassment by the Gestapo; Kristalnacht; evacuation to England as part of “Kinder Transport”; adjustment to life in England; emigration to the United States, 1947; meeting her future husband; career as a fashion designer; lasting effects of the Holocaust experience.

OH 0852

Businessman, Holocaust survivor. His experiences during the Holocaust. Youth in Frankfort am Main, Germany; inflation during the Weimar Republic; pre-Nazi discrimination; anti-Semitism during the early Hitler years, 1933-38; emigration to the United States, 1938; induction into the U.S. Army, 1943; experiences during the occupation of Germany; meeting his future wife in Brooklyn; lasting effects of the Holocaust.

OH 1157

Homemaker, Holocaust survivor. Her experiences during the Holocaust. Youth in Warsaw, Poland; pre-Nazi anti-Semitism; German invasion of Poland and family's decision to flee to the Soviet Union, 1941; life in Orsk; return to Poland after World War II; emigration to Israel and then to the United States [Note: Portions of Mrs Bekker's responses are translated from Polish by her married daughter, Eva Kirchner.]

OH 1146

Holocaust survivor. His experiences during the Holocaust. Anti-Semitism in pre-war Poland; German occupation of Warsaw and the formation of Jewish labor battalions; escape to the Soviet Union; work as an electrician in Orsk, Russian S F S R.; his marriage to Pola and birth of his children, Eva (1941) and Mike (1944); return to post- war Poland and emigration to Israel; emigration to the United States.