Collections: Browse By Last Name.

AARON, John (b. 1942)

NASA.

Interview ID: OH 1603

Childhood in Dodson, Texas, and Vinson, Oklahoma; education at Bethany Nazarene College and Southwestern Oklahoma State University; career with NASA in mission control, space shuttle development, and software development, and International Space Station programs; duties on various Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, Space Shuttle and International Space Station missions; Skylab program’s importance to NASA and space exploration; perceptions of NASA’s working and management culture.123 pp.
Date of Interview: 04/11/2006

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ABBEY, Lillie (b. 1890)

Interview ID: OH 0254

Reminiscences and experiences of a long-time resident of Denton, Texas; Oklahoma land rush; life in Denton during the 1920s and 1930s; Great Depression; farm life.
Date of Interview: 11/12/1974

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ABBITT, Raymond E. (b. 1912)

Interview ID: OH 0282

His experiences as a civilian internee of the Japanese in the Philippines during World War II. Capture on Mindanao; Davao internment camp, 1942-43; Santo Tomas, Manila, 1943; fall of Manila and liberation, 1945.
Date of Interview: 25/02/1975

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ABBOT, J. Lloyd (b. 1918)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1272

Miscellaneous comments about his service in the Pacific Theater during World War II. U. S. Naval Academy, 1935-39; assignment to USS Enterprise, 1939; assignment to USS Glimer, 1939-41; flight training at Pensacola, 1941; assignment to Advanced Carrier Training Group (Pacific), 1941-42; assignment to VF-6 (Fighting 6) aboard the USS Enterprise, 1942; assignment to VS-1D-14 in the South Pacific, 1942-43; commanding officer of VS-66, Wallis Island, 1943; antisubmarine patrols out of Wallis Island; assignment to Nanumea, 1943; assignment to Tarawa, 1943-44, with an SBD squadron; assignment to the Chief of Naval Air Training, Pensacola, 1944-46, as engineering officer; postwar naval and civilian career.
Date of Interview: 14/03/1998

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ABE, Zenji (b. 1916)

Japanese Imperial Navy. Imperial Japanese Navy veteran. Japanese Imperial Navy.

Interview ID: OH 0929

His experiences as a dive-bomber pilot during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; his participation in the Aleutians Campaign, June 1942, and the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot,” May 1944; surrender of Rota Island, September 2, 1945.
Date of Interview: 01/05/1993, 04/05/1993

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ABEL, Marlyn S. (b. 1912).

498th Air Service Group. 9th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 498th Air Service Group. 9th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1269

His experiences in the European Theater during World War II. Preliminary training in New Mexico, Texas, Oregon, and Kansas; troop convoy to England, 1944; preparations for the Normandy Invasion, 1944; entry into Normandy on D + 6; transfer to 9th Air Force; initiation to combat; bombing of Saint Lô, July 25, 1944; supplying U. S. fighters and fighter-bombers; rest and recreation in France; black market activities; Battle of the Bulge, 1944-45; Rhineland Campaign, 1945; Munich and the end of the war; postwar adjustment to civilian life.
Date of Interview: 14/08/1998

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ABERNETHY, Byron R. (b. 1909).

Interview ID: OHB 0055

Circumstances surrounding termination of his employment at Texas Tech University.
Date of Interview: 06/01/1981

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Interview ID: OHB 0064

Director of regional War Labor Board, Dallas, Texas. Family background; farming near Beach, North Dakota; activities as principal in Dodge, North Dakota; employment in political science department at University of North Dakota, 1937; experiences during the Great Depression; research on crop insurance and liberty concepts in labor relations; activities as director of regional War Labor Board office in Dallas and as vice-chairman of the Board, 1943-45; contributions of War Labor board to bargaining process; employment in political science department at Texas Tech, 1947; discussion of “ad hoc” and “permanent” arbitrators; comments on arbitration process and selection of cases to arbitrate; comments on operating requirements of professional arbitrator; comparison of 1940s and 1980s arbitration processes; views on injection of legalism in arbitration process; explanation of expedited procedures; comments on differences in arbitrating in Northeast and Southwest; “ego security” as a factor in arbitration cases; discussion of origin of full-time professional arbitrators; purposes of and involvement with the National Academy of Arbitrators.
Date of Interview: 06/01/1981

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ACIERNO, Sharon “Tommie” (b. 1949).

U.S Army. Vietnam War. U.S Army.

Interview ID: OH 1647

Vietnam War veteran. Childhood in Brook Park, Ohio; decisions to drop out of high school and to enlist in the U.S. Army; basic training at Ft. McClellan, Ala.,; clerical training; assignment to Ft. Huachuca, Ariz. and base in Heidelberg, Germany; “coming out” experience with self and with family; decision to volunteer for assignment to Vietnam; clerical duties with logistics unit at Long Binh, including work with Graves Registration; camaraderie among gay and straight troops; experiences with apathetic citizens and antiwar protesters upon return to U.S.; work as drill sergeant at Ft. McClellan; decision to leave Army; decision to relocate to Dallas; struggles with alcoholism and post-traumatic stress disorder; experience in Veterans Administration psychiatric ward; relocation; opinions regarding “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy and treatment of women in the military generally; work with Vietnam Veterans of America group.
Date of Interview: 09/10/2007

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ADAIR, William G. (b. 1917)

Army veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0076

Army veteran, survivor of the Bataan Death March. His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Bataan and capture; Bataan Death March; Camp O’Donnell, 1942; Cabanatuan, 1942-43; hell ship to Japan, 1943; Zentsuji, Shikoku, 1943; Rokuroshi, Honshu, 1945; liberation.
Date of Interview: 27/05/1971

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ADAMS, Elsie (b. 1906)

Adams Abstract Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0091

Family background; experiences growing up on farm near Miles, Texas; comments on teaching at Klattenhoff and Robert Lee public schools; comments on procedures of abstract companies; explanation of different types of abstracts and purpose of title policies; comments on charges for abstract work; entry into real estate business; advertising of businesses; civic activities; development of Lake Spence.
Date of Interview: 30/03/1984

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ADAMS, Estelle (b. 1927)

Interview ID: OH 1837

For the Desegregating DFW Oral History Project. Childhood in Wheelock, Texas; attending Bishop College; career in elementary and middle-school education; community involvement; awareness of race; life under segregation; move to Dallas; Dallas school integration; history of Wheelock; importance of education; legacy of the Civil Rights Act.
Date of Interview: 05/07/2014

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ADAMS, Jennifer L. (b. 1971)

Interview ID: OH 1841

For the American History: Voluntary Simplicity Oral History Project. Educator, homesteader, and simple life advocate. Childhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; discovery of the Nearings; simple life community in Maine.
Date of Interview: 29/07/2014

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ADAMS, Kenneth V. (b. 1923)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0296

His experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Henley during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/02/1976

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ADAMS, Stanley Edward (b. 1910)

Adams Abstract Company.

Interview ID: OHB 0091

Family background; experiences growing up on farm near Miles, Texas; comments on teaching at Klattenhoff and Robert Lee public schools; comments on procedures of abstract companies; explanation of different types of abstracts and purpose of title policies; comments on charges for abstract work; entry into real estate business; advertising of businesses; civic activities; development of Lake Spence.
Date of Interview: 30/03/1984

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ADAMS, Virgil C. (b. 1928).

Adams Exterminating Company. Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OHB 0070

Family background; father’s employment with Morrison Milling Company and International Exterminating Company, Denton; experiences in Navy at end of World War II; employment with father’s company, Adams Exterminating, 1950; comments on public view of pest control business, 1940s; description of Purdue University’s courses on pest control; comments on business competitors; views on “self-policing” within the pest control business; development of large sprayer dealership; contrast of old and current methods of pest control; discussion of ant problems, expansion of company; requirements for licensing pest control business; discussion of variety of pesticides; comments on government regulations; expansion of market; civic and trade association activities; duties as president of Texas Pest Control Association.
Date of Interview: 11/02/1982

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ADKINS, Dorothy (b. ca. 1925)

Interview ID: OH 0705

Her experiences concerning the activities of the Denton Christian Women’s Inter-Racial Fellowship during the 1960s and 1970s. Group social activities and parties; desegregation of public places in Denton; school desegregation; street paving in the African-American section of Denton; public housing; job opportunities; Denton Christian Preschool.
Date of Interview: 17/11/1987

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AGNICH, Fred (b. 1913)

Texas House of Representatives. member of the Texas House of Representatives. Republican.

Interview ID: OH 0619

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-eighth Legislature. Speaker Gib Lewis and financial disclosure; appointment as chair of the Environmental Affairs Committee; appropriations and taxes; comments about Governor Mark White; teachers pay; personal legislation.
Date of Interview: 22/11/1983

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Interview ID: OH 0152

General views concerning problems in Texas state government. Two-party politics; annual legislative sessions; legislative pay; ethics legislation; single-member districts; constitutional revision; “Dirty Thirty”; insurance legislation.
Date of Interview: 06/01/1972

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Interview ID: OH 0161

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-third Legislature. Freshman representatives; influence of Common Cause; reform legislation; appropriations; environmental legislation; comments about Governor Dolph Briscoe.
Date of Interview: 17/08/1973

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Interview ID: OH 0272

His experiences and personal views while serving as a member of the Texas Constitutional Convention, 1974. Need for constitutional revision; Constitutional Revision Commission; Price Daniel, Jr., as chair of the Constitutional Convention; Finance Committee; Right-to-Work provision; failure of Constitutional Convention.
Date of Interview: 16/12/1974

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Interview ID: OH 0289

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. House speakership race; appropriations; committee appointments; strip mining bill; public school financing; public utilities legislation; constitutional revision; comments about Governor Dolph Briscoe.
Date of Interview: 11/08/1975

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Interview ID: OH 0391

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fifth Legislature. Budget surplus; highway appropriations; public school financing; Peveto bill; personal legislation.
Date of Interview: 09/09/1977

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Interview ID: OH 0420

His views concerning the development of water resources in Texas.
Date of Interview: 14/11/1977

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Interview ID: OH0492

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-sixth Legislature. Relationship with Governor William Clements; appropriations; tax relief; Peveto bill; consumer legislation; “Killer Bees”; split primary.
Date of Interview: 30/11/1979

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Interview ID: OH 0553

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-seventh Legislature. Elections of 1980; initiative-referendum; interest rates; tax relief; state water plan; property tax legislation; law-and-order issues; comments about Governor William Clements; redistricting; Speaker Bill Clayton and Brilab; fish and game laws.
Date of Interview: 20/01/1982

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AKIN, Henry D. (b. 1927)

Richardson Independent School District.

Interview ID: OH 0790

His role as the attorney for the Richardson, Texas, independent school district during the integration of the Richardson and Hamilton Park schools during the 1960s and 1970s. His working relationship with Principals J. J. Pearce and Raymon Bynum; effect of Civil Rights Act of 1964; Response to H.E.W. guidelines; decisions of 5th Circuit Court; closing of Hamilton Park Junior High School; redrawing school boundaries; dealings with Steve Gurwin of Department of Justice; development of Pacesetter.
Date of Interview:
12/02/1989 to 30/03/1989

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ALBARADO, Nolan J. (b. 1917)

19th Coast Artillery. Army veteran. 19th Coast Artillery.

Interview ID: OH 0738

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with the 19th Coast Artillery during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/11/1987

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ALBIN, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. (b. ca. 1900)

Interview ID: OH 0035

Their observations on land speculation, settlement, and development around Taft, Texas, 1910-30. Agrarian life; Mexican-Anglo relations; Ku Klux Klan.
Date of Interview: 30/05/1969

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ALEXANDER, Marvin (b. 1923).

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0441

His experiences at Ford Island Naval Air Station with VP-24 during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 07/07/1978

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ALEXANDER, Shuford M. (b. 1924)

346th Fighter Squadron. 350th Fighter Group. 12th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 346th Fighter Squadron. 350th Fighter Group. 12th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1349

His experiences as a fighter pilot in Italy during World War II. Enlistment in the Aviation Cadet Program, 1942; basic training at Camp Livingston, Louisiana, 1942; pre-flight training at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas, 1942-43; primary flight training at Waco, Texas, 1943; advanced flight training at Foster Field, Victoria, Texas, 1943; fighter training in the P-39 at Thomasville, Georgia, 1943-44; temporary assignment to Constantine, Tunisia, 1944; assignment to the 346th Fighter Squadron at Piombino, Italy, 1944; introduction of P-47 Thunderbolts and transfer to Tarquinia, Italy, 1944; Operation STRANGLE, 1944; his being shot down, October 1, 1944, by flak over Piacenza; his rescue by Italian partisans; his link-up with a British A-4 Mission and his attempt to reach Allied lines; his betrayal by a German agent and his subsequent capture, October 31, 1944; his escape on November 7, 1944, and continued search for Allied lines; his observations of and opinions about the partisans; his second encounter with a British A-4 Mission; his friendship with the Martani family in the village of Tosca; his group’s trek through mountain snow in January and February, 1945, to reach Allied lines; their meeting with British paratroopers; his meeting with African-American soldiers from the 92nd Infantry Division; his reunion with his squadron in Pisa on February 16, 1945.
Date of Interview: 02/12/1999

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ALEXANDER, William J. (b. 1927)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1471

His experiences as a teenager during World War II; his experiences as a sailor during the last months of World War II. Early youth in Casper, Wyoming, 1933-42; his close relationship with his older brother; life in Casper during the Great Depression while living with his aunt and uncle; local reactions to the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor; his move back to Denver to be reunited with his parents and employment at the Brown Palace Hotel; the family’s move to Los Angeles and his employment at Earl Carroll’s Theater; vignettes about John Barrymore, Sammy Kaye, Harry James, and Betty Grable; wartime rationing; the family’s return to Denver; his brother’s enlistment in the Navy; his employment at Station KOA in Denver, 1943-45; his making broadcast announcements about D-Day, June 6, 1944; the sinking of his brother’s destroyer, the USS Spence, during a typhoon, December 18, 1944; the effect of his brother’s death on him and his parents; his joining the Navy, April 2, 1945; boot camp at Great Lakes, Illinois; V-J Day celebrations in Chicago; assignment to Opa Locka Naval Air Station, Florida; his role as director of the base chapel choir at Opa Locka; his postwar career.
Date of Interview: 11/11/2002

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ALI, Dr. Shazia (b.1975)

Eastfield College.

Interview ID: OH 1788

For the DFW Metroplex Immigration Oral History Project. Pakistani-born immigrant to Mesquite, Texas; Professor of English at Eastfield College in Mesquite, Texas. Childhood in Pakistan and Dubai; education in Catholic Convent in Karachi, Dubai and in England and Richland College in Dallas, Texas and the University of Texas at Dallas; speaks English and Urdu; religion is Muslim; worked as a journalist for The News by Jang Publishing, covering stories on poverty and child abuse; legally immigrated via marriage; long-distance relationship from United States to Pakistan; life in America as a Pakistani immigrant; obtained college degree up to and including the Doctoral degree in United States; raising children as Muslims and Americans; perceptions of September 11, 2001 and being profiled as a possible terrorist; embracing of Muslim religion and adapting dress style.
Date of Interview: 19/10/2012

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ALLDAY, Martin L. (b. 1926)

96th infantry division. Army veteran. 96th infantry division.

Interview ID: OH 1047

His experiences with the 96th infantry Division at Okinawa, 1945; close action ground combat; his battle wound.
Date of Interview: 08/10/1994

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ALLEE, A. Y. (b. 1905)

Texas Rangers.

Interview ID: OH 0040

His version of the Crystal City Incident, 1963; Mexican-American relations.
Date of Interview: 21/02/1969

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ALLEN, Adolph C. (b. 1917)

Interview ID: OH 0909

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 25/02/1993

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ALLEN, Billy W. (b. 1920).

Marine Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0298

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Pre-war duty in China with 4th Marines; fall of Corregidor and capture; Bilibid Prison, Manila; Cabanatuan, 1942; hell ship to Japan, 1942; Osaka, 1942-45, and American air raids; liberation.
Date of Interview: 01/03/1976

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ALLEN, Freddie (b. 1926) and Olla Lee (b. 1927)

Interview ID: OH 1020

Their experiences as residents of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1959-91. Segregated education in East Texas; decision to buy home in Hamilton Park; home improvements; zoning problems; PTA and other school involvement; Flooding problems; desegregation of Hamilton Park School; property restrictions; the “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview:
24/02/1991 to 03/03/1991

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ALLEN, Robert M. (b. 1923)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: Oh 1083

His experiences while temporarily assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. (His permanent assignment was aboard the aircraft tender USS Avocet. He was attending signalman school at the Submarine Base).
Date of Interview: 14/10/1995

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ALLEN, Roy (b. 1921)

Army Air Corps veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0061

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Capture in the Mindanao jungle; Davao Penal Colony, 1942-43; hell ship to Japan, 1943; Tokyo, 1943; Yokkaichi, Honshu, 1944-45, and American air raids; liberation
Date of Interview: 04/11/1970

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ALLEN, Sheila (b. 1958)

Interview ID: OH 1012

Her experiences as a resident of Hamilton Park, Texas, 1958-91. Education at Hamilton Park School; desegregation of Hamilton Park School; experiences at Richardson Junior High; experiences in law school at the University of Texas; relationships between Hamilton Park and other African-American communities; school activities as a teenager; The “Buy Out.”
Date of Interview:
21/06/1991 to 04/09/1991

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ALLISON, Joe (b. 1923)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1117

His experiences while aboard the submarine USS Silversides in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
Date of Interview: 02/03/1996

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ALLRED, David (b. 1936)

Texas House of Representatives. member of the Texas House of Representatives. Democrat.

Interview ID: OH 0022

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixtieth Legislature. Influence of lobbyists; House Rules; power of committee chairs; defeat of pari-mutuel betting bill; value of Texas Legislative Council; stand on annual legislative sessions; comments about African-American legislators Curtis Graves and Joe Lockridge; personal political philosophy.
Date of Interview: 09/08/1967

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Interview ID: OH 0080

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Special Session of the Sixtieth Legislature. Revenue legislation; reform of liquor laws; increase in state sales tax; changes in House rules; beer and liquor lobby; comments about Lieutenant Governor Ben Barnes; comments about other House members.
Date of Interview: 13/11/1968

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Interview ID: OH 0440

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Regular and Special Sessions of the Sixty-first Legislature. One-year versus two-year budget; revenue bills; comments about Lieutenant Governor Ben Barnes And Speaker Gus Mutscher; extension of state sales tax; Cavness Plan; minimum wage law; workman’s compensation; welfare legislation; comments about Governor’s Committee on Public school Education; student unrest on college campuses; establishment of additional four-year colleges; comments about Governor Preston Smith.
Date of Interview: 17/03/1970

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Interview ID: OH0502

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Special sessions of the Sixty-first Legislature. One-Year versus two-year budget; increase in sales tax; Expansion of sales tax; “grocery tax”; conflicts with Speaker Gus Mutscher; beer lobby; views on corporate taxes; voter disillusionment; urban-rural conflicts; Wichita Falls politics; his campaign for reelection; contest for House speakership.
Date of Interview: 07/04/1970

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Interview ID: OH 0511

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Regular and First Special Session of the Sixty-second Legislature. Origins of “Dirty Thirty”; Sharpstown stock-fraud scandal; comments about Speaker Gus Mutscher, Representatives William Heatly, Frances Farenthold, and Tommy Shannon.
Date of Interview: 29/07/1971

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Interview ID: OH 0487

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. House speakership race; committee chairpersons; House rules; Equal Rights Amendment; establishment of Public Utilities Commission; public school financing; Constitutional Convention.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1975

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Interview ID: OH 0505

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Second Special Session of the Sixty-fifth Legislature. Influence of Proposition 13 in California; treasury surplus; comments about Governor Dolph Briscoe, Speaker Bill Clayton, and Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby; personal reaction to the special session; repeal of sales tax on residential utility bills; increase in inheritance tax exemptions; taxation of agricultural and timber land; initiative-referendum; Peveto bill; formation of the “Filthy Fifty”; Sam Houston Caucus; House Study Group.
Date of Interview: 25/10/1978

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Interview ID: OH 0512

His experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-sixth Legislature. Sam Houston Caucus; Impressions of Governor William Clements, Speaker Bill Clayton; consumer legislation; interest rates; tax relief; Peveto bill; comments about “Killer Bees.”
Date of Interview: 31/10/1979

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ALLRED, Mrs. James V. (b. 1905)

Interview ID: OH 0019

Reminiscences of her husband’s political career and her life in the Governor’s Mansion.
Date of Interview: 12/02/1967, 07/05/1967, 06/05/1968

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ALLRED, Renne (b. 1901)

State Insurance Board.

Interview ID: OH 0023

His experiences during the Texas insurance scandals of the mid-1950s. James Allred’s gubernatorial campaigns; early insurance litigation; appointment as assistant state attorney general, 1953; state insurance frauds and scandals; U. S. Trust and Guaranty case; relationship with Texas Insurance Board; accounting and bookkeeping irregularities; Texas Mutual and General American cases; role of Byron Saunders; legislative investigating committees; fraudulent activities of Ben Jack Cage; roles of Texas Attorneys General Will Wilson and John Ben Sheppard; suit against Republic Bank of Dallas; role of Ralph Yarborough.
Date of Interview: 15/06/1968, 14/08/1968, 21/08/1968, 04/09/1968, 05/09/1968

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ALONSO-MINUTTI, Ana. (b. 1976)

University of North Texas.

Interview ID: OH 1698

Birth, childhood, and education in Puebla and Cholula, Mexico; family history, including grandparents’ migration from Spain and Italy; college experience at Universidad de las Americas; discovery of music history as a discipline of study; first impressions of U.S. on family visits; decision to study musicology in U.S. or Great Britain; one-year course of study in theology in Dallas; choir direction at a church in England; enrollment in UC-Davis graduate program; graduate school experience; comparison and contrast of life in Mexico, England, California, and Texas; acceptance of job offer from UNT; citizenship process.
Date of Interview: 22/10/2009

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ALTMAN, Brigitte Friedmann (b. 1924)

Interview ID: OH 0849

Her experiences during the Holocaust. Anti-Semitism in Memel, Lithuania, prior to Nazi occupation; early childhood life; move to Kaunas (Kovno), 1939; Russian occupation, 1939; German occupation, 1941; establishment of Kaunas Ghetto; Die Grosse Aktion (“The Great Roundup”); escape from the Kaunas Ghetto; life as a disguised farm laborer; liberation by Russian troops, 1945; reunion with her father in Italy, 1946; lasting effects of the Holocaust experience.
Date of Interview:
19/12/1989 to 20/12/1989

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AMBROSE, Earl (b. 1934)

1st Battalion. 1st Marine Regiment. 1st Marine Division. Korean War Veteran. 1st Battalion. 1st Marine Regiment. 1st Marine Division.

Interview ID: OH 1666

Childhood in Buffalo, N.Y.; family experiences in military service; decision to join U.S. Marines at age of seventeen; basic training at Parris Island, S.C.; assignments to Quantico and Yorktown, Va.; decision to volunteer for service in Korea; assignment to 1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division; brief combat experience and assignment to Main Line of Resistance near Imjin River; discharge from Marines; decision to further education at Arlington State College (now UT-Arlington) using GI Bill benefits; career with Bell Helicopter.
Date of Interview: 06/10/2007

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AMY, Warren (b. 1925)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1134

His experiences while aboard the submarine USS Chub in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Submarine School, New London, Connecticut, 1943-44; assignment to the Chub, 1944; his responsibilities as an electrician’s mate; various patrols in the North China Sea, the Java Sea, and off the Philippines.
Date of Interview: 17/04/1996

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ANDERSON, G. Marguerite (b. 1916)

Texas State College for Women. Abilene Christian College.

Interview ID: OH 0900

Her experiences as a student at the library school at the Texas State College for Women and as a librarian. Early exposure to books and libraries; enrollment at the Texas State College for Women, 1940; comments about her college teachers and library science courses; employment as a student at the college library; college social life; employment as librarian at Abilene Christian College; graduate school at University of Chicago, 1950-51; entry into photographic sales business; employment with Abilene Christian College, Dallas Center; activities in professional organizations.
Date of Interview: 16/02/1992

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ANDERSON, Gloria Villanueva (b. 1935)

Interview ID: OH 1563

Her experiences as an activist in the Mexican-American community of Denton, Texas; family background; comments about the lack of discrimination against Hispanics in Denton; her education in the Denton schools; her first experience with discrimination at the train station in Denison, Texas, at age seventeen; her acceptance to the work-scholarship program of the FBI, 1952; her family’s assimilation in the Anglo culture; early Hispanic families in Denton; opening of her telephone answering exchange business, 1972; her turn toward Republican politics; appointment to the North Texas Hispanic Advisory Board by Senator John Tower, 1970; her appointment to the Texas Small Business Task Force by Governor William Clements; her appointment to the White House Conference on Small Business by President Jimmy Carter; her activities with the Mexican-American Republicans of Texas; her appointment as Regional Advocate for the Small Business Administration by President Ronald Reagan; her activities with George H.W. Bush’s Texas Statewide Hispanic Campaign; other miscellaneous activities for the Republican Party in Texas.
Date of Interview: 19/04/2004

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ANDERSON, James F. (b. 1923)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0574

His experiences while aboard the hospital ship USS Solace during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 15/05/1982

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ANDERSON, Kenneth K. (b. 1921)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0755

His experiences at Ford Island Naval Air Station with VP-24 during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 16/09/1988

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ANDERSON, Miles E. (b. 1926)

Interview ID: OH 0145

His experiences as a member of the faculty advisory committee that was responsible for the selection of John Kamerick as president of North Texas State University.
Date of Interview: 27/06/1968

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Interview ID: OH 1158

His experiences concerning the desegregation of North Texas State College, 1954-56; comments about President J C Matthews and chair of the Board of Regents, Ben Wooten; observations about race relations in Denton, Texas.
Date of Interview: 07/11/1996

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ANDREWS, George B. (b. 1917)

526th Fighter Squadron. 86th Fighter Group. 9th Air Force. Army Air Forces veteran. 526th Fighter Squadron. 86th Fighter Group. 9th Air Force.

Interview ID: OH 1289

His experiences as a fighter pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Education; enlistment in the 7th Regiment, New York National Guard, 1941; federalization of the National Guard and the redesignation of his unit as the 207th Coast Artillery; enlistment in the Army Air Forces and acceptance as an Aviation Cadet, 1941; primary flight training, Corsicana, Texas, 1941-42; basic flight training, Randolph Field, San Antonio, Texas, 1942; advanced flight training, Foster Field, Victoria, Texas, 1942; assignment as a flight instructor, Perrin Field, Sherman, Texas, 1942-43; training Free French pilots, Selma, Alabama, and Richmond, Virginia, 1943-44; introduction to the P-47 Thunderbolt; assignment to Oscoda, Michigan, 1944; his marriage in October, 1944; assignment to the 526th Fighter Squadron in France, January, 1945; missions against railroad marshaling yards and airfields; encounters with German jet planes; ground-support missions; encounters against Panther and Tiger tanks; his assessment of the P-47; postwar occupation duty in Germany.
Date of Interview: 05/03/1999

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ANDREWS, Robert O. (b. 1919)

Army Air Forces veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1524

His experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Pre-war education and farming activities in Olney, Texas; enlistment in the Army Air Forces, c. 1941; assignment to Chanute Field, Illinois, c. 1941-42; Officer Candidate School, Miami Beach, Florida, c. 1942; assignment to Perrin Field, Sherman, Texas, c. 1942-44; overseas transport to India; assignment to Warazup, Burma, 1944-45; his reaction to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; postwar career in business
Date of Interview: 20/09/2003

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ANDUJAR, Betty (b. 1912)

Texas Senate. member of the Texas Senate. Republican.

Interview ID: OH 0507

Her experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-sixth Texas Legislature. Biographical information; personal political philosophy; decision to enter politics and seek political office; Equal Rights Amendment; abortion and right-to-life; election to Texas Senate, 1972; Women’s Caucus; comments about Governors Dolph Briscoe and William Clements; interest rates; consumer legislation; appropriations bill; public school financing; Peveto bill; “Killer Bees.”
Date of Interview: 06/09/1979

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Interview ID: OH 0964

Her views concerning the impact and significance of women on the development of the Republican Party in Texas, 1960-90. Evolution of GOP in Texas; personal political philosophy; views on abortion.
Date of Interview: 12/09/1993

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Interview ID: OH 0552

Member of the Texas Senate from Fort Worth, Republican. Her experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-seventh Texas Legislature. GOP gains, 1980 elections; initiative-referendum; interest rate ceilings; state water plan; property tax legislation; law-and order bills; redistricting.
Date of Interview: 28/01/1982

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ANGLIN, Mike (b. 1946)

Interview ID: OH 1851

For the Dallas LGBT Oral History Project. Lawyer and longtime Dallas LGBT activist. Childhood as a Navy brat; education; time in the Navy; coming out; Dallas LGBT history; LGBT activism; Baker v. Wade; AIDS crisis in Dallas; The Dallas Way; importance of younger LGBT generation knowing and preserving LGBT community history.
Date of Interview: 24/10/2015

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ANTIQUESTONE. Interviews with Grady Leroy Smith, Jr. (b. 1937) and James M. Dyke, Jr. (b. 1949).

Antiquestone.

Interview ID: OHB 0095

SMITH, Grady Leroy, Jr., President, Antiquestone, Inc., Bertram, Texas. Family background; experiences working with father for Trafton Tile Company, Austin; self-employment in the tile installation business, 1966; description of tile installation procedures; entry into tile manufacturing business, 1967; partnership with James Dyke, Jr. And Sr. to form Antiquestone, Austin, 1973; company relocation to Bertram, 1979; description of tile-making process; responsibilities of president of company; personnel practices; comments on new design introduction; differences between Antiquestone’s cement tiles and other companies’ clay tiles; comments on government regulations; description of product distribution; civic activities; factors in developing successful business. DYKE, James, Jr., Co-owner, Antiquestone, Inc., Bertram, Texas. Family background; father’s employment in tile business; work with father’s Monarch Tile Service; comments on Austin distributorship for Terra Firma tiles; involvement as co-owner of Antiquestone, Inc. And struggles to develop business; description of first large sale for Phoenix shopping mall; purchase of 18,000 square foot plant, 1980; comments on worldwide distribution of tile; views on personnel and mechanization of company; comments on advertising of product; civic activities.
Date of Interview:
15/03/1984 to 16/03/1984

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APALATEA, Frank (b. 1918)

25th Division. Army veteran. 25th Division.

Interview ID: OH 0548

His experiences at Schofield Barracks with the 25th Division during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 05/08/1981

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ARCHER, William L. (b. 1913)

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0681

Education; employment with Texaco at the Port Arthur refinery; second-hand information on formation of Caltex; transfer to Caltex, 1938; assignment to Philippines, 1938, as a lube engineer; servicing Caltex’s commercial accounts in the Philippines; lubrication surveys in Philippines; competition with Shell and Standard Vacuum; “case-and-can” market in Philippines; Caltex expansion in Philippines; comments about Christian Roesholm; Caltex (Philippines) sales organization; living standards for Caltex employees; Japanese invasion of Philippines and his flight to the interior of Negros; rescue by submarine, 1944; reassignment to Philippines, 1945; reestablishment of Filipino market; comments about Robert Monical, Gene Menefee, and Ray Johnson; establishment of bulk terminals; construction of the Batangas refinery; head of Technical Services, Philippines; training of Filipinos; special assignment to Repesa in Spain; appointment as Caltex technical representative in the Far East; his decision to spend his career in the Philippines.
Date of Interview: 10/06/1986

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ARGABRITE, Russell R. (b. 1922)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0643

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS California during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 03/05/1984

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ARMSTRONG, Bob (b. 1932)

Land Commissioner.

Interview ID: OH 0606

His views concerning water policy in Texas. Early political activities; race for Land Commissioner; multiple use environmentalism; land use planning; environmentalism vs. economics; coastal zone management; water resource development; Trinity Barge Canal; strip mining legislation; forest management; Carter presidential campaign.
Date of Interview: 18/02/1983

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ARMSTRONG, Hazen (b. 1899)

Interview ID: OH 1214

His reminiscences about life in Denton, Texas, 1910-30; business activities around the city square and county courthouse; city streetcar service; identification of old Oak Street residences; Cascade Plunge swimming pool; forced removal of African Americans from ”Quakertown” section of Denton to the east side of the railroad tracks in 1920s; early automobiles in Denton; Denton during World War I; medical practices; childhood leisure time activities; Prohibition in Denton; Great Depression; farming practices in the 1920s and 1930s; contrasts between banking practices of the 1920s and 1930s with those of the 1980s; comments on the oil industry.
Date of Interview: 29/03/1986

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ARMSTRONG, J. C. (b. 1918)

20th Bomb Group. Army Air Forces veteran. 20th Bomb Group.

Interview ID: OH 1149

His experiences as a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Bombing missions from Guam and Saipan to Japan, 1945; Japanese flak and fighter opposition.
Date of Interview: 17/10/1996

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ARMSTRONG, Jane (b. 1937)

Interview ID: OH 1435

Her reminiscences of life on the Scott Jacobs Farm, Denton County, Texas, 1920-87. The purchase of the land by her grandfather, Clint Jacobs; her identification of implements and outbuildings found on the farm; oil income and farm improvements during the 1920s and 1930s; rural entertainment and leisure activities; crops and planting; food preservation; in-town shopping; making homebrew and bootlegging activities; schools and churches; cemeteries; epidemics; folk medicines and remedies.
Date of Interview: 20/08/1987

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ARMSTRONG, Roy G. (b. 1919)

2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard. Army veteran. 2nd Battalion. 131st Field Artillery. Texas National Guard.

Interview ID: OH 0530

His experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Fall of Java and capture; Bicycle Camp, Batavia, 1942; Changi Prison Camp, Singapore, 1942; building of Burma-Thailand Death Railway, 1942-44; Tamarkan and Kanchanaburi, Thailand, 1943; Da Lat and Saigon, French Indo-China, 1944-45; liberation.
Date of Interview: 15/10/1980

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ARMSTRONG, Vivienne (b. 1947) and Louise Young (b. 1947)

Interview ID: OH 1743

Longtime activists in the Dallas lesbian community. Armstrong’s childhood in Knoxville, Tennessee, New Jersey, and California; decision to study nursing and settle in Denver, Colorado; “coming-out” narrative. Young’s childhood in Ada, Oklahoma; education at East Central State University and the University of Colorado; “coming-out” narrative. Their meeting and early relationship; descriptions of Denver’s gay and lesbian communities. Involvement with various groups such as the Daughters of Bilitis and Gay Liberation Front. Decision to move to Dallas. Involvement with groups such as the National Organization for Women and Dallas Gay Political Caucus/Dallas Gay and Lesbian Alliance and in various political campaigns. Young’s career at Texas Instruments and Raytheon, and efforts to create more equitable human resources policies from within the corporations. Effects of HIV-AIDS crisis on Dallas’s gay and lesbian communities. 2008 marriage. Relationships with family members. Secrets to a long relationship.
Date of Interview: 04/02/2010

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ARNOLD, Annie Mae (b. 1926)

Interview ID: OH 1064

Her recollections about the African-American community in Texarkana, Texas, 1931-94; marriage customs; farm work; diet; birthing and child delivery; courting practices; education; cooking; child-rearing.
Date of Interview: 20/10/1994

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ARTEAGA, Ivan (b. 1974)

Interview ID: OH 1692

Mexican national and immigrant to suburban Princeton, Texas. Childhood and education in Mexico City; family’s decision to immigrate to Provo, Utah, in 1995; first impressions of the U.S.; marriage; decision to relocate to Texas; opinions regarding anti-immigrant feelings prevalent in American culture; opinions regarding U.S. immigration bureaucracy; feelings about his two children’s U.S. citizenship.
Date of Interview: 27/10/2009

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ARWINE, John (b. 1917)

Interview ID: OH 0882

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 08/03/1993

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ASH, Mary K. (b. 1915)

Mary Kay Cosmetics.

Interview ID: OHB 0003

Early sales experience and its impact upon future business philosophy, methods, and success of Mary Kay Cosmetics; planning prior to launching company; problems and solutions in beginning; early legal problems with competitors; concern for women’s opportunities; female orientation of company; development and growth of sales; role of her children in company; methods of recruiting; training, attitude building; marketing and sales techniques; incentive plans; sales territories; pricing; party plan; employee promotion; views on successful managerial traits; views on motivational differences between men and women; application of Golden Rule toward employees and customers; attitudes and philosophy toward employee relations; use of intuition in decision making; reasons for growth of Mary Kay Cosmetics.
Date of Interview:
06/11/1974 to 11/11/1974

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ASHMORE, J. L. (b. 1920)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0764

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS West Virginia during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 08/03/1989

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ASTON, Rogers (b. 1918)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0936

His experiences aboard LST-446 during the Solomon Islands Campaign, 1942-43; participation in the landings on Guadalcanal, New Georgia, Vella Lavella, and Bougainville; Marianas campaign and landings at Saipan and Guam, 1944.
Date of Interview: 04/05/1993

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ATCHLEY, Bob (b. 1921)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0328

His experiences at U.S. Navy Mobile Hospital Number Two during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
Date of Interview: 09/06/1976

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ATKINS, Barry K. (b. 1911)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1285

His experiences aboard destroyers in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Early education in England; U.S. Naval Academy, 1928-32; assignment to the USS Tennessee, 1932-33; assignment to the USS New Mexico, 1933-36; assignment to the USS Mahan, 1936-38; assignment to the USS Cuyama, 1938-39; developing techniques for refueling at sea; assignment to the U.S. Naval Academy, 1939-41; assignment to the Asiatic Fleet with the USS Parrott, 1941; start of World War II and operations around the Netherlands East Indies; Battle of Makassar Strait, January 23, 1942; assignment to Motor Torpedo Boat Squadrons Training Center, Melville, Rhode Island, August, 1942; designation as commander of PT Squadron 8; PT boat operations around New Guinea, 1943-44; appointment as skipper of the USS Melvin, October, 1944; Battle of Leyte Gulf and encounters with kamikazes; Battle of Surigao Strait, October, 1944; Lingayen landings; typhoon off the Philippines, December, 1944; offshore bombardments of Hokkaido and Honshu, 1945.
Date of Interview:
20/02/1997 to 21/02/1997

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ATKINS, Irvin M. (b. 1904)

U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture .

Interview ID: OHB 0104

Family background; employment with U. S. Department of Agriculture experiment stations, San Antonio and Denton, Texas; history of Denton station; development of varieties of small grains resistant to pests, disease, and adverse climate; discussion of wheat varieties; description of special equipment used at stations; experiences during Depression in Denton; refinements in equipment and methods at stations, 1950s; organization of stations; discussion of science of plant breeding; description of Texas A&M station’s activities; efforts to produce hybrid wheat; comments on future of American farmer.
Date of Interview: 14/03/1986

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ATKINS, Joe L. (b. 1936)

North Texas State College.

Interview ID: OH 1057

His experiences and role in the desegregation of North Texas State College, 1955-56. Rejection for admission; Atkins v. Matthews; early civil rights activities with NAACP Youth Council in Dallas; comments about Juanita Craft, Thurgood Marshall, W. H. Durham, and other civil rights leaders; comments about J. C. Matthews, Arthur Sampley, and other administrators at North Texas State College; decision to attend Texas Western College.
Date of Interview: 20/06/1995

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ATKINSON, Steven (b. 1962)

Interview ID: OH 1834

For the Dallas LGBT Oral History Project. Businessman and long-time Dallas LGBT activist. Childhood in Dallas-Fort Worth area; awareness of sexuality; coming out; AIDS crisis in Dallas; the Dallas Way LGBT history project; local LGBT history; Dallas gay community; recent changes in legislation.
Date of Interview: 23/11/2015

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AUSTIN, William P. (b. 1915)

Interview ID: OH 0992

His experiences while employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.
Date of Interview: 15/10/1993

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AUTRY, Wilford (b. 1918)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0209

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 01/07/1974

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AYER, Hugh M. (b. 1924)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1223

His experiences as a member of FRUPAC (Fleet Radio Unit, Pacific) and the interception of Japanese naval codes in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Upbringing on a Kentucky tobacco farm; education; boot camp at Great Lakes Naval Training Center, 1943; training as a naval radio operator, University of Chicago; assignment to Bainbridge Island, Washington, 1943; interception of Japanese naval communications; katakana; Japanese call signs and communications signals; Japanese communications priorities; U. S. naval secrecy and security procedures; FOX broadcasts; Japanese circuits; search operations; interception of Soviet radio code; transfer to Station Wahiawa, Oahu, August, 1945; post-World War II career highlights.
Date of Interview: 04/02/1998

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BACHNER, Joel (b. 1918)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 0198

His experiences while aboard the battleship USS California during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date of Interview: 17/05/1974

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BAER, W. W. (b. 1923)

Caltex Petroleum Corporation.

Interview ID: OH 0686

Early training with Texaco; employment with Caltex, 1945; establishment of postwar marketing operations for Caltex (Philippines); assignment to Cebu district; product sales in Philippines; transfer to Davao; competition with Shell and Standard Vacuum in Philippines; marketing strategies; social life of Caltex expatriates in Philippines; comments about Christian Roesholm, Robert Monical; Batangas refinery; transfer to New York, 1957; assignment to Singapore, Malaysia; marketing strategies for Malaysia; establishment of Caltex East, 1957; comments about Ray Johnson; assignment to Thailand as managing director; marketing and refining strategies for Thailand; thoughts on company transfer policies; relations between Texaco and Socal; relations between Caltex (New York) and the subsidiaries; transfer again to New York as deputy regional director, Far East; appointment as managing director, Tanzania.
Date of Interview: 08/07/1986

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BAHNSEN, Kenneth (b. 1930)

North Texas State College.

Interview ID: OH 0627

His recollections concerning the desegregation of athletics at North Texas State College, 1956.
Date of Interview: 05/03/1984

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BAILEY, Kay (Hutchison) (b. 1943)

Texas House of Representatives. member of the Texas House of Representatives from Houston. Republican.

Interview ID: OH 0305

Her experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. Decision to enter politics; personal political philosophy; House speakership race; committee appointments; budget surplus and appropriations; public school financing; public utilities legislation; constitutional revision; urban mass transit legislation; anti-rape legislation; comments about Governor Dolph Briscoe.
Date of Interview: 23/01/1976

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BAILEY, Seth (b. 1979)

Veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Interview ID: OH 1674

Veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Childhood and education in Athens, Tex.; decision to enlist in U.S. Army; family’s tradition of military service; basic training at Ft. Benning, Ga., including experiences in Ranger Indoctrination Program and injuries sustained in “jump school”; assignment to unit in Darmstadt, Germany; 2003 deployment to Iraq and performance of long-range surveillance missions; combat experiences in Karbala, Ramadi, and Al Asad; return to Germany; continuing struggles with injury from basic training, with Army health care system, and with substance abuse; treatment at Walter Reed Army Hospital; discharge from Army and return to Arlington, Tex.; opinions regarding benefits of military service and regarding women in the military.
Date of Interview: 12/12/2007

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BAIN, Wilfred (b. 1908)

North Texas State University. School of Music.

Interview ID: OH 0449

His experiences in the establishment of the NTSU school of music as one of national prominence. Education and musical background; appointment as chairman of the Department of Music; establishment of the NTSU School of Music and his appointment as dean; establishment of the jazz program; appointment as dean of the school of Music at Indiana University; comments about President W. Joseph McConnell, Silvio Scionti, Floyd Graham, Mary McCormic, Helen Hewitt, Walter Robert, Ralph Daniel, “Aces of Collegeland.”
Date of Interview: 12/12/1978

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BAIRD, James (b. 1941)

North Texas State University.

Interview ID: OH 0635

His experiences as faculty advisor to the Students for a Democratic society (SDS) at North Texas State University during the late 1960s.
Date of Interview: 02/04/1984

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BAIRD, Melvin R. “Pancho” (b. 1919)

Navy veteran.

Interview ID: OH 1460

A combination of interviewing and reading from his personal correspondence about his pre-World War II experiences with the U.S. Asiatic Fleet (1937-1940) and his later experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. His stationing aboard the destroyer USS Alden as a radioman; his account of the grounding of the SS President Hoover off of Hoishito Island, December 14, 1938; comments about the Sino-Japanese War; various personal experiences during liberty ashore at Manila, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Bangkok, Haiphong, and other Asian port cities; comments about the various Asian peoples; events on the South China Patrol; his civilian activities after his discharge; his being drafted for Navy duty, 1944; brief descriptions of his activities as a radio technician on Blue Beach during the Okinawan Campaign, April, 1945; observations of kamikaze action on Okinawa; descriptions of typical shipboard routine.
Date of Interview:
18/08/1998 to 19/08/1998
, 21/08/1998

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